Cowan, Andrew - M 1844/--/--

History

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                              The Life of Cowan, Andrew
1844/--/-- to ----/--/-- male No children
...Date... AGE Event
1844/--/-- 0 *** Cowan, Andrew - Born to Cowan, James C. and Martin, Sarah (Cowan)
1844/--/-- 0 - Alexander Dumas "The Three Muskateers"
1844/--/-- 0 - Eastern Hispaniola declares independence from Haiti as the Dominican Republic.
1844/--/-- 0 - French author Alexandre Dumas (Dumas pere) publishes The Three Musketeers.
1844/--/-- 0 - Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormons, is killed by a lynch mob.
1844/--/-- 0 - Samuel F.B. Morse establishes the first U.S. telegraph link.
1844/--/-- 0 - Settlers in New South Wales force Britain to stop sending convicts to the colony.
1844/--/-- 0 - The Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) is founded in England.
1844/--/-- 0 - William Henry Talbot begins his Pencil of Nature, the first book of photographs.
1845/--/-- 1 - American author Margaret Fuller publishes Women in the Nineteenth Century.
1845/--/-- 1 - British archaeologist Austen Layard excavates the sites of Nimrud and Nineveh.
1845/--/-- 1 - Civil War ends in Peru; Castilla Ramon is elected as president.
1845/--/-- 1 - Failure of the potato crop leads to a famine in Ireland.
1845/--/-- 1 - Florida is inaugurated as the 27th state of the Union.
1845/--/-- 1 - French artists Gavarni and Grandville begin designing the first elaborate posters.
1845/--/-- 1 - German composer Robert Schumann writes his Piano Concerto in A minor.
1845/--/-- 1 - German scientist Alexander von Humboldt publishes the first volume of his Kosmos.
1845/--/-- 1 - James K. Polk (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1845/--/-- 1 - Polk is inaugurated as the 11th U.S. president; Dallas becomes vice-president
1845/--/-- 1 - Sir John Franklin leads an ill-fated expedition in search of the Northwest Passage.
1845/--/-- 1 - The Republic of Texas becomes the 28th state of the Union.
1845/--/-- 1 - The Republic of Texas is annexed by the U.S.; it becomes the 28th state of the Union.
1845/--/-- 1 - The Sikh Wars begin in British India.
1845/--/-- 1 - The first clipper ship the Rainbow is built in New York.
1845/--/-- 1 - The term Manifest Destiny is first used in defense of U.S. territorial ambitions.
1846/--/-- 2 *** Cowan, Martha [Sister] - Born to Cowan, James C. and Martin, Sarah (Cowan)
1846/--/-- 2 - Adolphe Sax patents the saxophone in Paris.
1846/--/-- 2 - American dentist William Morton extracts a tooth using ether as an anesthetic.
1846/--/-- 2 - German astronomer Johann Galle makes the first observation of the planet Neptune.
1846/--/-- 2 - German philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach publishes The Essence of Religion.
1846/--/-- 2 - Henry Creswicke Rawlinson deciphers the Mesopotamian cuneiform script.
1846/--/-- 2 - Iowa is inaugurated as the 29th state of the Union.
1846/--/-- 2 - Mexican War
1846/--/-- 2 - Mormon trek from Navoo to Salt Lake City
1846/--/-- 2 - Oregon boundary with Canada established at 49th parallel
1846/--/-- 2 - The Christy Minstrels begin performing in New York.
1846/--/-- 2 - The Mexican War begins over the U.S. annexation of Texas.
1846/--/-- 2 - The Mexican government collapses; Santa Anna is reelected as president.
1846/--/-- 2 - The Smithsonian Institution is created by Congress.
1846/--/-- 2 - The border between the U.S. and Canada is established, settling the Oregon Question.
1846/--/-- 2 - U.S. forces under Stephen Watts Kearny occupy New Mexico.
1846/--/-- 2 - U.S. forces under Zachary Taylor defeat the Mexicans at Palo Alto and Monterrey.
1846/--/-- 2 - Writer and artist Edward Lear publishes A Book of Nonsense.
1847/--/-- 3 *** Cowan, George A. [Brother] - Born to Cowan, James C. and Martin, Sarah (Cowan)
1847/--/-- 3 - American missionary Marcus Whitman is killed by Cayuse Indians in Oregon.
1847/--/-- 3 - American oceanographer Matthew Maury publishes his first Wind and Current Charts.
1847/--/-- 3 - Charlotte Bronte publishes Jane Eyre; Emily Bronte publishes Wuthering Heights.
1847/--/-- 3 - English novelist William Makepeace Thackeray begins Vanity Fair.
1847/--/-- 3 - Honore de Balzac completes La Comedie humaine, a collection of over 100 novels.
1847/--/-- 3 - Italian statesman Cavour founds the liberal newspaper Il Risorgimento (resurgence).
1847/--/-- 3 - Maria Mitchell, the first woman astronomer in America, discovers a new comet.
1847/--/-- 3 - Mormons and the Indians
1847/--/-- 3 - Scott enters Mexico City after a series of battles; Mexico sues for peace.
1847/--/-- 3 - Sir James Simpson uses chloroform for childbirth
1847/--/-- 3 - Taylor defeats Santa Anna's Mexican army at the Battle of Buena Vista.
1847/--/-- 3 - The African slave colony of Liberia is declared independent.
1847/--/-- 3 - The American Medical Association is founded.
1847/--/-- 3 - The Mormons under Brigham Young found Salt Lake City.
1847/--/-- 3 - The U.S. post office begins using adhesive postage stamps.
1847/--/-- 3 - U.S. forces under Stockton, Fremont and Kearny occupy California.
1847/--/-- 3 - U.S. forces under Winfield Scott land at Veracruz and advance on Mexico City.
1848/--/-- 4 - A Czech uprising under Frantisek Palacky is suppressed by Austria.
1848/--/-- 4 - American engineer James Bogardus begins using cast-iron for building construction.
1848/--/-- 4 - February Revolution by French workers makes Louis Napoleon III President of 2nd Reublic
1848/--/-- 4 - Ferdinand I abdicates; Francis Joseph becomes Emperor of Austria.
1848/--/-- 4 - French Barbizon artist Theodore Rousseau paints the Forest at Fontainebleau.
1848/--/-- 4 - French author Alexandre Dumas (Dumas fils) publishes his novel Camille.
1848/--/-- 4 - Gold discovered in California
1848/--/-- 4 - Holman Hunt, Millais and Rossetti form the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in Britain.
1848/--/-- 4 - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish the Communist Manifesto.
1848/--/-- 4 - Karl Marx and Friedrick Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
1848/--/-- 4 - Louis Philippe abdicates; a Second Republic is declared in France.
1848/--/-- 4 - Mexican Cession
1848/--/-- 4 - Risorgimento leader Garibaldi returns to Italy to fight in the war of independence.
1848/--/-- 4 - Scottish physicist William Thomson Kelvin proposes an absolute temperature scale.
1848/--/-- 4 - The Austrian revolution begins in Vienna; chancellor Metternich resigns.
1848/--/-- 4 - The Revolutions of 1848 break out in Europe.
1848/--/-- 4 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ratifies the cession of California and New Mexico.
1848/--/-- 4 - The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill begins the California gold rush.
1848/--/-- 4 - The first U.S. women's rights assembly meets at the Seneca Falls Convention.
1848/--/-- 4 - Uprisings in Berlin force Frederick William IV to summon a constitutional assembly.
1848/--/-- 4 - Wisconsin is inaugurated as the 30th state of the Union.
1849/--/-- 5 *** Cowan, James B. [Brother] - Born to Cowan, James C. and Martin, Sarah (Cowan)
1849/--/-- 5 - Amelia Bloomer publicizes bloomers (baggy trousers for women) in the Lily magazine.
1849/--/-- 5 - Austrian forces crush the Italian revolution; Mazzini and Garibaldi flee from Italy.
1849/--/-- 5 - Austrian premier Felix Schwarzenberg uses the Russian army to defeat the Hungarians.
1849/--/-- 5 - Black slave Harriet Tubman escapes and begins her Underground Railway work.
1849/--/-- 5 - Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman to obtain a medical degree.
1849/--/-- 5 - Francois Rene de Chateaubriand publishes Memoirs From Beyond the Tomb.
1849/--/-- 5 - French physicist Armand Fizeau measures the velocity of light.
1849/--/-- 5 - Lajos Kossuth declares Hungarian independence from Austria.
1849/--/-- 5 - Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin is deported to Siberia.
1849/--/-- 5 - Taylor is inaugurated as the 12th U.S. president; Fillmore becomes vice-president
1849/--/-- 5 - Zachary Taylor (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1850/--/-- 6 - Allan Pinkerton founds the Pinkerton National Detective Agency.
1850/--/-- 6 - American author Nathaniel Hawthorne writes The Scarlet Letter.
1850/--/-- 6 - American popular songwriter Stephen Foster publishes Camptown Races.
1850/--/-- 6 - California is inaugurated as the 31st state of the Union.
1850/--/-- 6 - Congress reinforces the Fugitive Slave Law for the return of escaped slaves.
1850/--/-- 6 - Elizabeth Barrett Browning publishes her Sonnets From the Portuguese.
1850/--/-- 6 - English author Charles Dickens writes David Copperfield.
1850/--/-- 6 - French realist artist Gustave Courbet paints The Stone Breakers.
1850/--/-- 6 - Jenny Lind the Swedish nightingale begins her U.S. tour.
1850/--/-- 6 - Millard Fillmore (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1850/--/-- 6 - Nathanial Hawthorne "The Scarlet Letter"
1850/--/-- 6 - Photographer Mathew Brady publishes The Gallery of Illustrious Americans.
1850/--/-- 6 - Plains Indians cede land in exchange for reservations
1850/--/-- 6 - President Taylor dies; Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th U.S. president.
1850/--/-- 6 - The Compromise of 1850 establishes California as a non-slavery state.
1850/--/-- 6 - The Taiping Rebellion breaks out in China against the Ch'ing dynasty.
1850/--/-- 6 - The first issue of Harper's magazine is published.
1850/--/-- 6 - Utah and New Mexico Territories
1851/--/-- 7 - A gold rush begins in Victoria, Australia; Victoria becomes a separate colony.
1851/--/-- 7 - American author Herman Melville publishes Moby-Dick.
1851/--/-- 7 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera Rigoletto is produced in Venice.
1851/--/-- 7 - Harriet Beecher Stowe begins publishing Uncle Tom's Cabin.
1851/--/-- 7 - Henry Jarvis Raymond and George Jones found the New York Times.
1851/--/-- 7 - Isaac Merrit Singer invents the first practical sewing machine.
1851/--/-- 7 - Jacob Fussell begins making ice cream in commercial quantities in Baltimore.
1851/--/-- 7 - Melville "Moby Dick"
1851/--/-- 7 - Mongkut (Rama IV) becomes king of Siam (Thailand).
1851/--/-- 7 - Singer patents sewing machine
1851/--/-- 7 - The Crystal Palace is built in London to house the Great Exhibition.
1851/--/-- 7 - The U.S. yacht America defeats 17 British yachts in the first America's Cup contest.
1851/--/-- 7 - The first college sorority is established at Wesleyan College, Georgia.
1852/--/-- 8 - Argentinean dictator Rosas is defeated by forces under Urquiza at Monte Caseros.
1852/--/-- 8 - Britain gains control of the Irrawaddy delta after the second Anglo-Burma War.
1852/--/-- 8 - The Grimms begin publication of their Deutsches Worterbuch (German Dictionary).
1852/--/-- 8 - The Second Empire begins in France under Napoleon III.
1853/--/-- 9 - A U.S. naval squadron under Matthew Perry enters Tokyo Bay to negotiate a treaty.
1853/--/-- 9 - Chinese rebels capture Nanking and make it the capital of the Taiping kingdom.
1853/--/-- 9 - Crimean War between Turkey, France & Britain against Russia
1853/--/-- 9 - Franklin Pierce (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1853/--/-- 9 - Franklin Pierce is inaugurated as the 14th U.S. president; King becomes vice-president.
1853/--/-- 9 - General Santa Anna becomes dictator of Mexico for the last time.
1853/--/-- 9 - Georges Haussmann begins the reconstruction of Paris.
1853/--/-- 9 - Napoleon III marries the Empress Eugenie.
1853/--/-- 9 - Richard Wagner begins his cycle of four operas The Ring of The Nibelung.
1853/--/-- 9 - Russia occupies the Turkish principalities of Moldavia and Walachia.
1853/--/-- 9 - The U.S. adds land to New Mexico and Arizona with the Gadsden Purchase.
1853/--/-- 9 - Turkey issues an ultimatum to Russia; the Russians destroy the Turkish fleet at Sinope.
1854/--/-- 10 - A commercial treaty is signed between the U.S. and Japan, ending Japanese isolation.
1854/--/-- 10 - American writer and naturalist Henry David Thoreau publishes Walden.
1854/--/-- 10 - An Anglo-French-Turkish expeditionary force lands at Sevastopol in the Crimea.
1854/--/-- 10 - Britain and France declare war on Russia, beginning the Crimean War.
1854/--/-- 10 - Nebraska and Kansas Territories
1854/--/-- 10 - Pope Pius IX proclaims the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary.
1854/--/-- 10 - Raphaelite artist Holman Hunt paints The Scapegoat.
1854/--/-- 10 - Republican Party formed for abolition of slavery
1854/--/-- 10 - Smith & Wesson invent revolver
1854/--/-- 10 - The Allied armies defeat the Russians at the Battle of Inkerman.
1854/--/-- 10 - The British grant independence to the Orange Free State in South Africa.
1854/--/-- 10 - The Charge of the Light Brigade is made by the British during the Battle of Balaklava.
1854/--/-- 10 - The Kansas-Nebraska Act reopens the controversy over the spread of slavery.
1854/--/-- 10 - The Republican party is formed after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
1854/--/-- 10 - Upper half of Indian Territory becomes part of Kansas Territory
1855/--/-- 11 - British photographer Roger Fenton documents the Crimean War.
1855/--/-- 11 - Florence Nightingale reforms hygienic standards in Crimean hospitals.
1855/--/-- 11 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow publishes The Songs of Hiawatha.
1855/--/-- 11 - Lord Palmerston becomes prime minister of Great Britain for the first time.
1855/--/-- 11 - Matthew Fontaine Maury publishes The Physical Geography of the Sea.
1855/--/-- 11 - Mexican dictator Santa Anna is overthrown.
1855/--/-- 11 - Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia dies; he is succeeded by his son Alexander II.
1855/--/-- 11 - Robert Browning publishes his poetry collection Men and Women.
1855/--/-- 11 - Scottish explorer David Livingstone discovers the Victoria Falls in Africa.
1855/--/-- 11 - The Allies occupy the Russian fortress at Sevastapol in the Crimea.
1855/--/-- 11 - The first formal ice hockey game is played in Kingston, Ontario.
1855/--/-- 11 - Walt Whitman publishes his first book of poetry, the Leaves of Grass.
1856/--/-- 12 - A new Opium War begins between China, Britain and France.
1856/--/-- 12 - English chemist William Perkin discovers synthetic dyes.
1856/--/-- 12 - The Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean War.
1856/--/-- 12 - The first Neanderthaler (prehistoric human) skeleton is discovered in Germany.
1856/--/-- 12 - Victor Hugo writes Les Miserables during his exile from France.
1857/--/-- 13 - Buchanan is inaugurated as the 15th U.S. president; Breckinridge becomes vice-president.
1857/--/-- 13 - Disputes between Mormons and non-Mormon settlers leads to the Utah War.
1857/--/-- 13 - Elisha Graves Otis installs the first passenger elevator in a New York City store.
1857/--/-- 13 - English author Thomas Hughes publishes Tom Brown's Schooldays.
1857/--/-- 13 - French novelist Gustave Flaubert publishes Madame Bovary.
1857/--/-- 13 - French poet Baudelaire publishes Flowers of Evil and is arrested for immorality.
1857/--/-- 13 - James Buchanan (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1857/--/-- 13 - Kansas ratifies anti-slavery constitution
1857/--/-- 13 - Mormons and Paiute Indians kill 120 settlers in the Mountain Meadows Massacre.
1857/--/-- 13 - The Indian Mutiny begins when Indian troops rebel against the British in Meerut.
1857/--/-- 13 - The Oxford English Dictionary is begun in England.
1857/06/03 13 *** Martin, Sarah (Cowan) [Mother] - Died Typhoid fever
1858/--/-- 14 - Benito Juarez becomes the first Mexican president of Indian descent.
1858/--/-- 14 - Bernadette Soubirous sees visions of the Vigin Mary in a grotto near Lourdes, France.
1858/--/-- 14 - Britain and France impose the Tientsin Treaty on China.
1858/--/-- 14 - British explorer John Hanning Speke discovers Lake Victoria in Africa.
1858/--/-- 14 - British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace outlines his theories of evolution.
1858/--/-- 14 - Charles Frederick Worth establishes his Paris fashion house.
1858/--/-- 14 - Cyrus W. Field lays the first transatlantic telegraph cable.
1858/--/-- 14 - Federal forces end the Utah War; Brigham Young is replaced as governor of Utah Territory.
1858/--/-- 14 - French photographer Nadar takes the first aerial photograph from a balloon.
1858/--/-- 14 - German-American artist Albert Bierstadt begins his landscapes of the American west.
1858/--/-- 14 - Jacques Offenbach's operetta Orpheus in the Underworld premiers in Paris.
1858/--/-- 14 - James Renwick begins the design of Saint Patrick's Cathedral in New York City.
1858/--/-- 14 - Minnesota is inaugurated as the 32nd state of the Union.
1858/--/-- 14 - The Fenians (Irish Republican Brotherhood) are founded to overthrow British rule.
1858/--/-- 14 - The Indian Mutiny is suppressed by the British Army and loyal Indian troops.
1858/--/-- 14 - The government of India is transferred from the East India Company to the British crown.
1859/--/-- 15 - Abolitionist John Brown leads an attack on Harpers Ferry; he is captured and executed.
1859/--/-- 15 - Charles Darwin "Origin of Species"
1859/--/-- 15 - Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
1859/--/-- 15 - Ferdinand de Lesseps begins building the Suez Canal in Egypt.
1859/--/-- 15 - French inventor Ferdinand Carre develops a refrigeration system.
1859/--/-- 15 - Napoleon III assists the Italian statesman Cavour in a war against Austria.
1859/--/-- 15 - Oregon is inaugurated as the 33rd state of the Union.
1859/--/-- 15 - Queensland becomes a separate colony of Australia.
1860/--/-- 16 - Abraham Lincoln is elected as the first Republican president of the United States.
1860/--/-- 16 - China resists the Tientsin Treaty; Anglo-French forces occupy Peking.
1860/--/-- 16 - English novelist Wilkie Collins writes The Woman in White.
1860/--/-- 16 - Florence Nightingale establishes a school for training nurses.
1860/--/-- 16 - George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans) publishes The Mill on the Floss.
1860/--/-- 16 - Italian patriot Garibaldi invades Sicily and Naples with his 1,000 Redshirts.
1860/--/-- 16 - Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir patents the first internal-combustion engine.
1860/--/-- 16 - Sardinia-Piedmont seizes the Papal States in Italy.
1860/--/-- 16 - South Carolina becomes the first Southern state to secede from the Union.
1860/--/-- 16 - The Crittenden Compromise tries to prevent a split between slave and free states.
1860/--/-- 16 - The Maori Wars begin against the British in New Zealand.
1860/--/-- 16 - The pony express is inaugurated to deliver mail from Missouri to California.
1860/02/20 16 *** Cowan, William Campbell [Brother] - Born to Cowan, James C. and Ferguson, Jemima Amanda (Cowan)
1861/--/-- 17 - Abraham Lincoln (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1861/--/-- 17 - American locksmith Linus Yale Jr. patents the cylinder lock.
1861/--/-- 17 - CONFEDERACY
1861/--/-- 17 - Civil War Begins
1861/--/-- 17 - English designer William Morris starts the Arts and Crafts Movement.
1861/--/-- 17 - Explorers Burke and Wills die during their north-south crossing of Australia.
1861/--/-- 17 - French artist Eugene Delacroix paints the Lion Hunt.
1861/--/-- 17 - General George B. McClellan is made commander of the Union forces.
1861/--/-- 17 - Italy is unified under Victor Emmanuel II.
1861/--/-- 17 - John Ericsson designs the Monitor, the first ship with a revolving gun-turret.
1861/--/-- 17 - Kansas is inaugurated as the 34th state of the Union.
1861/--/-- 17 - Lincoln is inaugurated as the 16th U.S. president; Hamlin becomes vice-president.
1861/--/-- 17 - Nicholas II abolishes serfdom in Russia.
1861/--/-- 17 - The Confederate States of America declare their independence from the U.S.
1861/--/-- 17 - The Confederates defeat the Union army in the First Battle of Bull Run.
1861/--/-- 17 - The Southern states meet to draft a constitution; Davis is selected as president.
1861/--/-- 17 - The Trent Affair begins when a Union ship intercepts a British steamer.
1861/--/-- 17 - The United States introduce the first national income tax.
1861/--/-- 17 - The bombardment of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor begins the U.S. Civil War.
1861/--/-- 17 - Unification of Italy
1861/--/-- 17 - Western territories reorganized by Republican Congresses
1861/12/22 17 *** Cowan, Champ Thomas [Brother] - Born to Cowan, James C. and Ferguson, Jemima Amanda (Cowan)
1862/--/-- 18 - A Union fleet under David G. Farragut captures New Orleans.
1862/--/-- 18 - Bartolome Mitre unites Argentina and is elected president.
1862/--/-- 18 - Brady, O'Sullivan and Gardner document the Civil War in photographs.
1862/--/-- 18 - Explorer John McDouall Stuart makes the first south to north crossing of Australia.
1862/--/-- 18 - Foucault measures speed of light
1862/--/-- 18 - French actress Sarah Bernhardt makes her debut at the Comedie Francaise.
1862/--/-- 18 - French impressionist artist Edouard Manet paints Le Dejeuner sur l'Herbe.
1862/--/-- 18 - French physicist Jean Foucault successfully measures the speed of light.
1862/--/-- 18 - French writer Victor Hugo completes his social novel Les Miserables.
1862/--/-- 18 - Lee defeats the Union army in the Second Battle of Bull Run.
1862/--/-- 18 - Lee's Confederate invasion of Maryland is halted at the Battle of Antietam.
1862/--/-- 18 - McClellan is defeated in the Seven Days Battle and retreats from the peninsular.
1862/--/-- 18 - Napoleon III imposes the Austrian prince Maximilian as emperor of Mexico.
1862/--/-- 18 - Richard J. Gatling invents the first practical machine gun.
1862/--/-- 18 - Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev publishes Fathers and Sons.
1862/--/-- 18 - The first recorded ski competition is held near Oslo in Norway.
1862/--/-- 18 - The ironclad warships Monitor and Merrimack clash at Hampton Roads, Va.
1862/--/-- 18 - Union forces under Burnside are defeated at the Battle of Fredricksburg.
1862/--/-- 18 - Union forces under Grant defeat the Confederates at the Battle of Shiloh.
1862/--/-- 18 - Union forces under McClellan begin the Peninsular Campaign to capture Richmond.
1862/--/-- 18 - William I appoints Otto von Bismarck as minister president of Prussia.
1863/--/-- 19 - Cambodia (Kampuchea) becomes a French protectorate.
1863/--/-- 19 - English philosopher John Stuart Mill publishes Utilitarianism.
1863/--/-- 19 - French impressionist artist Camille Pissarro exhibits at the Salon des Refuses.
1863/--/-- 19 - George I succeeds Otto as king of Greece.
1863/--/-- 19 - Grant defeats the Confederates in the Vicksburg Campaign.
1863/--/-- 19 - Ismail Pasha rules Egypt under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire.
1863/--/-- 19 - Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation abolishes slavery in the Confederate states.
1863/--/-- 19 - London's Metropolitan Railway becomes the first underground subway.
1863/--/-- 19 - The Confederate guerrilla band Quantrill's Raiders pillage Lawrence, Kansas.
1863/--/-- 19 - The Confederates defeat the Union army at Chancellorsville; Jackson is killed.
1863/--/-- 19 - The Confederates under Lee are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg.
1863/--/-- 19 - The French occupy Mexico City in support of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico.
1863/--/-- 19 - The London Football Association issues the first soccer rules.
1863/--/-- 19 - West Virginia is inaugurated as the 35th state of the Union.
1864/--/-- 20 - A Chinese army under Gordon recaptures Nanking and ends the Taiping Rebellion.
1864/--/-- 20 - A Union army under Sherman invades Georgia, begining the Atlanta campaign.
1864/--/-- 20 - Cheyenne and Arapaho families massacred at Sand Creek, Colorado
1864/--/-- 20 - Denmark is defeated by Prussia; Schleswig-Holstein is ceded to Germany.
1864/--/-- 20 - Nevada is inaugurated as the 36th state of the Union.
1864/--/-- 20 - Paraguayan dictator Francisco Solano Lopez begins the War of the Triple Alliance.
1864/--/-- 20 - Sherman defeats the Confederates at Atlanta and begins his march to the sea.
1864/--/-- 20 - The Colorado militia massacre Cheyenne Indians at Sand Creek.
1864/--/-- 20 - The Confederate submarine Hunley sinks a Federal ship but is sunk in the process.
1864/--/-- 20 - The Geneva Convention sets standards of humane treatment in time of war.
1864/--/-- 20 - The Ionian Islands are ceded to Greece by Britain.
1864/--/-- 20 - The Union launches a drive on Richmond but falters in the Wilderness Campaign.
1864/--/-- 20 - Ulysses S. Grant is made general in chief of all the Union armies.
1865/--/-- 21 - Andrew Johnson (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1865/--/-- 21 - Andrew Johnson becomes the 17th President of the U.S.
1865/--/-- 21 - Civil War Ends
1865/--/-- 21 - Confederate forces under Lee surrender to Grant at Appomattox Court House.
1865/--/-- 21 - Count Leo Tolstoi begins his monumental Russian novel War and Peace.
1865/--/-- 21 - English author Lewis Carroll writes Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
1865/--/-- 21 - Johnston surrenders the last Confederate army to Sherman, ending the U.S. Civil War.
1865/--/-- 21 - Leo Tolstoy "War and Peace"
1865/--/-- 21 - Lincoln assassinated
1865/--/-- 21 - Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C.
1865/--/-- 21 - Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky publishes Crime and Punishment.
1865/--/-- 21 - The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution abolishes slavery.
1865/--/-- 21 - The Petersburg Campaign is won by Union forces; Lee evacuates Richmond.
1866/--/-- 22 - British engineer Robert Whitehead invents the first self-propelled torpedo.
1866/--/-- 22 - Congress authorize (but do not mandate) the use of the metric system in the U.S.
1866/--/-- 22 - Mendel publishes his genetic research in Experiments With Plant Hybrids.
1866/--/-- 22 - Prussia and Italy defeat Austria in the Seven Weeks' War.
1866/--/-- 22 - The Ku Klux Klan is founded in the southern United States.
1867/--/-- 23 - Alfred Nobel patents dynamite
1867/--/-- 23 - Bismark forms the North German Confederation under Prussian leadership.
1867/--/-- 23 - Diamond fields are discovered in South Africa.
1867/--/-- 23 - English photographer Julia Margaret Cameron takes Sir John Herschel's portrait.
1867/--/-- 23 - French troops withdraw from Mexico; Emperor Maximilian is executed by Juarez.
1867/--/-- 23 - Karl Marx publishes the first volume of Das Kapital.
1867/--/-- 23 - Nebraska is inaugurated as the 37th state of the Union.
1867/--/-- 23 - Sir John A. Macdonald becomes Canada's first prime minister.
1867/--/-- 23 - The Compromise (Ausgleich) of 1867 creates the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
1867/--/-- 23 - The Dominion of Canada is established by the British North America Act.
1868/--/-- 24 *** Cowan, Samuel [Brother] - Born to Cowan, James C. and Ferguson, Jemima Amanda (Cowan)
1868/--/-- 24 - A military coup led by General Juan Prim deposes Queen Isabella II of Spain.
1868/--/-- 24 - A skeleton of Cro-Magnon man is discovered in southern France.
1868/--/-- 24 - British labor unions form the Trades Union Congress.
1868/--/-- 24 - Christopher Sholes patents the first practical typewriter.
1868/--/-- 24 - Chulalongkorn succeeds his father Mongkut as the king of Siam (Thailand).
1868/--/-- 24 - Feminists Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton publish Revolution.
1868/--/-- 24 - Johannes Brahms' A German Requiem is performed for the first time.
1868/--/-- 24 - Ndebele king Mzilikazi dies in Africa; he is succeeded (1870) by his son Lobengula.
1868/--/-- 24 - The Meiji dynasty is restored in Japan; the Tokugawa shogunate is abolished.
1868/--/-- 24 - The Ten Years' War begins in Cuba against Spanish rule.
1868/--/-- 24 - U.S. President Andrew Johnson is impeached by Congress but acquitted by the Senate.
1868/--/-- 24 - William Gladstone becomes Liberal prime minister of Britain for the first time.
1869/--/-- 25 - 200 pitched battles between Indians and U.S. Calvary
1869/--/-- 25 - English author Matthew Arnold publishes Culture and Anarchy.
1869/--/-- 25 - French artist Eugene Louis Boudin paints On the Beach at Deauville.
1869/--/-- 25 - Grant is inaugurated as the 18th U.S. president; Colfax becomes vice-president.
1869/--/-- 25 - James Gordon Bennett Jr. commissions Stanley to search for Livingston in Africa.
1869/--/-- 25 - John Roebling designs the Brooklyn Bridge but dies after a construction accident.
1869/--/-- 25 - Louis Riel leads the Red River Rebellion in Canada.
1869/--/-- 25 - Ludwig II (Mad Ludwig) begins building his fantasy castles in Bavaria.
1869/--/-- 25 - Philadelphia garment workers organize the Knights of Labor, an early labor union.
1869/--/-- 25 - Pope Pius IX calls the First Vatican Council to discuss the dogma of papal infallibility.
1869/--/-- 25 - Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky begins work on his opera Boris Gudunov.
1869/--/-- 25 - Suez Canal opens
1869/--/-- 25 - The Cincinnati Red Stockings become the first professional baseball team.
1869/--/-- 25 - The Suez Canal is opened in Egypt.
1869/--/-- 25 - The first manufacturing patent is issued for chewing gum.
1869/--/-- 25 - The transcontinental railroad is completed at Promontory Point, Utah.
1869/--/-- 25 - Ulysses S. Grant (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1869/--/-- 25 - Union Pacific meets Central Pacific
1870/--/-- 26 - American industrialist John D. Rockefeller founds the Standard Oil Company.
1870/--/-- 26 - French war minister Leon Gambetta escapes from besieged Paris in a balloon.
1870/--/-- 26 - German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann excavates the ancient city of Troy.
1870/--/-- 26 - Paraguayan dictator Solano Lopez dies, ending the War of the Triple Alliance.
1870/--/-- 26 - Rome becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Italy.
1870/--/-- 26 - The Franco-Prussian War begins over a diplomatic incident engineered by Bismark.
1870/--/-- 26 - The Prussians defeat the French at Sedan; Napoleon III is taken prisoner.
1870/--/-- 26 - The Third Republic is formed in France; a Government of National Defense is established.
1870/--/-- 26 - The city of Miami is founded in Florida.
1871/--/-- 27 *** Cowan, Allen [Brother] - Born to Cowan, James C. and Ferguson, Jemima Amanda (Cowan)
1871/--/-- 27 - American explorer Henry Morton Stanley finds Dr. Livingston in central Africa.
1871/--/-- 27 - Charles Taze Russell founds the Jehovah's Witnesses about this time.
1871/--/-- 27 - Fire destroys one-third of the city of Chicago.
1871/--/-- 27 - P.T Barnum launches a traveling circus, museum and menagerie.
1871/--/-- 27 - The Franco-Prussian War ends; Alsace and Lorraine are ceded to Germany.
1871/--/-- 27 - The French surrender to Prussia incites the Commune of Paris uprising.
1871/--/-- 27 - The German Empire is formally proclaimed at the Palace of Versailles.
1871/--/-- 27 - The Paris Commune is suppressed by government troops after a 2-month siege.
1871/--/-- 27 - Trade Unions legalized in Britain
1872/--/-- 28 - American artist James McNeill Whistler paints the Portrait of the Artist's Mother.
1872/--/-- 28 - English author George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans) publishes Middlemarch.
1872/--/-- 28 - Indian leader Kintpuash leaves the Modoc reservation; the Modoc Wars begin.
1872/--/-- 28 - Monet paints Impression: Sunrise; the term impressionism is derived from the title.
1872/--/-- 28 - Photographer Eadweard Muybridge begins his series of motion studies.
1872/--/-- 28 - The Challenger Expedition begins the first systematic oceanographic survey.
1872/--/-- 28 - The cities of Buda and Pest unite to form Budapest (the capital of Hungary from 1918).
1872/--/-- 28 - The death of Kamehameha V ends the Kamehameha dynasty of Hawaiian kings.
1872/--/-- 28 - The first woman impressionist artist Berthe Morisot paints The Cradle.
1873/--/-- 29 - Englishman Maj. Walter Clopton Wingfield invents lawn tennis.
1873/--/-- 29 - French novelist Jules Verne publishes Around the World in Eighty Days.
1873/--/-- 29 - The Pacific Scandal in Canada causes the collapse of the Conservative government.
1873/--/-- 29 - The Panic of 1873 leads to 5 years of economic depression in the U.S.
1874/--/-- 30 - Benjamin Disraeli becomes the Conservative prime minister of Britain.
1874/--/-- 30 - English author Thomas Hardy publishes Far from the Madding Crowd.
1874/--/-- 30 - First impressionist exhibit in Paris
1874/--/-- 30 - French impressionist artist Pierre Auguste Renoir paints La Loge (The Box).
1874/--/-- 30 - The Comanche, Kiowa and other Indian tribes attack Adobe Walls in Texas.
1874/--/-- 30 - The Greenback party advocates currency reform in the U.S.
1874/--/-- 30 - The first exhibition of impressionist paintings is held in Paris.
1875/--/-- 31 - American author Mark Twain publishes Tom Sawyer.
1875/--/-- 31 - Britain buys Suez Canal shares from the bankrupt Egyptian leader Ismail Pasha.
1875/--/-- 31 - Charles Stewart Parnell begins movement for Irish independence
1875/--/-- 31 - Georges Bizet's opera Carmen is performed in Paris.
1875/--/-- 31 - Mary Baker Eddy, founder of Christian Science, publishes Science and Health.
1875/--/-- 31 - The Bourbon monarchy is restored in Spain under Alfonso XII.
1876/--/-- 32 - Abd al-Hamid II assumes his rule as the last Ottoman sultan.
1876/--/-- 32 - Alexander Graham Bell patents his invention of the telephone.
1876/--/-- 32 - Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone
1876/--/-- 32 - British philosopher Herbert Spencer begins publishing the Principles of Sociology.
1876/--/-- 32 - Colorado is inaugurated as the 38th state of the Union.
1876/--/-- 32 - General Porfirio Diaz seizes power as the dictator of Mexico.
1876/--/-- 32 - German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann excavates the ancient city of Mycenae.
1876/--/-- 32 - Impressionist artist Alfred Sisley paints Flood at the Port of Marly.
1876/--/-- 32 - Japan forces Korea to open up to foreign trade, countering the influence of China.
1876/--/-- 32 - Johann Strauss Jr. composes his waltz The Beautiful Blue Danube.
1876/--/-- 32 - National League founded (baseball)
1876/--/-- 32 - Queen Victoria assumes the title of Empress of India.
1876/--/-- 32 - Sioux Indians defeat General Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.
1876/--/-- 32 - Sioux and Cheyenne defeat Custer at Little Big Horn, Montanna
1876/--/-- 32 - The Bayreuth musical festival opens with a performance of Wagner's Ring cycle.
1876/--/-- 32 - The U.S. Centennial Exposition of 1876 is held in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia.
1877/--/-- 33 - Britain annexes Transvaal in South Africa.
1877/--/-- 33 - Chief Joseph leads the Nez Perce tribe against the U.S. Army.
1877/--/-- 33 - Hayes is inaugurated as the 19th U.S. president; Wheeler becomes vice-president
1877/--/-- 33 - Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli observes canali (channels) on Mars.
1877/--/-- 33 - Nez Perce leave Idaho for Canada
1877/--/-- 33 - Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1877/--/-- 33 - Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake is performed by the Bolshoi Ballet in Moscow.
1877/--/-- 33 - The All-England lawn tennis championship is played at Wimbledon for the first time.
1877/--/-- 33 - The Japanese army suppresses a samurai revolt led by Saigo Takamori.
1877/--/-- 33 - Thomas Edison invents the phonograph.
1877/--/-- 33 - Turkish suppression of Balkan nationalists leads to a new Russo-Turkish War.
1878/--/-- 34 - Ismail Pasha presents Cleopatra's Needles to Britain (1878) and the U.S. (1880).
1878/--/-- 34 - Northern Cheyenne escape Indian Territory
1878/--/-- 34 - Serbia, Montenegro and Romania are granted independence from Turkey.
1878/--/-- 34 - The Congress of Berlin reverses Russian gains from the San Stefano Treaty.
1878/--/-- 34 - The D'Oyly Carte Opera Company performs Gilbert and Sullivan's H.M.S. Pinafore.
1878/--/-- 34 - The Russo-Turkish War ends; The Treaty of San Stefano is imposed on Turkey.
1878/--/-- 34 - The second Anglo-Afghan War begins.
1878/--/-- 34 - Turkey's provinces of Bosnia and Hercegovina are placed under Austrian administration.
1879/--/-- 35 - Belgian king Leopold II sponsors Henry Morton Stanley's expedition to the Congo.
1879/--/-- 35 - Cetewayo's Zulus defeat the British at Isandhlwana, but are beaten at Ulundi.
1879/--/-- 35 - Charles Stewart Parnell leads the Home Rule for Ireland party.
1879/--/-- 35 - General Roca defeats the Patagonian Indians, opening the Pampas for settlement.
1879/--/-- 35 - Impressionist artist Edgar Degas paints Ballerina Posing for a Photograph.
1879/--/-- 35 - Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen writes A Doll's House.
1879/--/-- 35 - Tawfiq Pasha succeeds his father Ismail Pasha as khedive (viceroy) of Egypt.
1879/--/-- 35 - Territorial disputes lead to the War of the Pacific between Chile and Peru.
1879/--/-- 35 - Thomas Edison develops the first workable incandescent lamp (light bulb).
1879/--/-- 35 - Thomas Edison invents incandescent light
1880/--/-- 36 - American impressionist artist Mary Cassatt exhibits A Woman in Black at the Opera.
1880/--/-- 36 - Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged for murder.
1880/--/-- 36 - Boer (Afrikaner) uprisings begin against the British in Transvaal, South Africa.
1880/--/-- 36 - France annexes the Pacific island of Tahiti.
1880/--/-- 36 - French novelist Emile Zola writes Nana, a portrait of a prostitute.
1880/--/-- 36 - German composer Jacques Offenbach writes the opera Tales of Hoffmann.
1880/--/-- 36 - Gladstone succeeds Disraeli as British prime minister.
1880/--/-- 36 - Russian composer Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky writes the 1812 Overture.
1881/--/-- 37 - Alexander II is assassinated by narodniki revolutionaries in Russia.
1881/--/-- 37 - Chester A. Arthur (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1881/--/-- 37 - Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st U.S. president.
1881/--/-- 37 - Ferdinand de Lesseps begins an abortive attempt to build the Panama Canal.
1881/--/-- 37 - Garfield is inaugurated as the 20th U.S. president; Arthur becomes vice-president.
1881/--/-- 37 - James A. Garfield (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1881/--/-- 37 - Japanese statesman Itagaki Taisuke founds the Jiyuto (Liberal party).
1881/--/-- 37 - Lillie Langtry, mistress of the Prince of Wales, makes her acting debut.
1881/--/-- 37 - President Garfield is assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau.
1881/--/-- 37 - The Sudanese under Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad overthrow Egyptian rule.
1881/--/-- 37 - The first U.S. tennis championship is held in Newport, R.I.
1882/--/-- 38 - A Triple Alliance is established between Austria, Italy and Germany.
1882/--/-- 38 - Edison's New York plant begins supplying 59 customers with electricity.
1882/--/-- 38 - Impressionist artist Edouard Manet completes the Bar at the Folies-Bergere.
1882/--/-- 38 - Japanese statesman Okuma Shigenobu founds the Kaishinto, or Progressive, party.
1882/--/-- 38 - The British take control of Egypt, suppressing uprisings against Tawfiq Pasha.
1882/--/-- 38 - The U.S. begins to restrict immigration with the Chinese Exclusion Acts.
1883/--/-- 39 - Buffalo Bill Cody organizes his Wild West show.
1883/--/-- 39 - Civil Service established
1883/--/-- 39 - Cyrus H. K. Curtis publishes the Lady's Home Journal magazine.
1883/--/-- 39 - German philosopher Frederich Wilhelm Nietzsche begins Thus Spake Zarathustra.
1883/--/-- 39 - Maxim invents machine gun
1883/--/-- 39 - Paul Kruger becomes president of the Boer republic of the Transvaal in South Africa.
1883/--/-- 39 - Russian scientist Tsiolkovsky proves that a rocket could work in the vacuum of space.
1883/--/-- 39 - The Brooklyn Bridge is completed in New York.
1883/--/-- 39 - The Fabian Society is founded in London to spread socialist ideas.
1883/--/-- 39 - The Island volcano of Krakatoa explodes in Indonesia, causing 36,000 deaths.
1883/--/-- 39 - The first skyscraper (10 stories) is built in Chicago by William LeBaron Jenney.
1884/--/-- 40 - 15 European nations partition Africa for "spheres of influence"
1884/--/-- 40 - American author Mark Twain publishes the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
1884/--/-- 40 - Belva Lockwood becomes the first woman nominated as a U.S. presidential candidate.
1884/--/-- 40 - German East Africa is formed from Rwanda, Mozambique,Tanzania and Burundi.
1884/--/-- 40 - Germany occupies South West Africa (Namibia).
1884/--/-- 40 - Lewis E. Waterman invents the first fountain pen with an ink reservoir.
1885/--/-- 41 - Boston Symphony Orchestra organizes its Promenade Concerts (the Boston Pops).
1885/--/-- 41 - Cleveland is inaugurated as the 22nd U.S. president; Hendricks becomes vice-president.
1885/--/-- 41 - French chemist Louis Pasteur develops a vaccine for rabies.
1885/--/-- 41 - General Gordon is killed by Mahdist forces at the siege of Khartoum in Sudan.
1885/--/-- 41 - Gottlieb Daimler develops the first motorcycle.
1885/--/-- 41 - Grover Cleveland (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1885/--/-- 41 - J. K. Stanley introduces his safety cycle, the basic model for the modern bicycle.
1885/--/-- 41 - Louis Pasteur administers successful rabies vaccination
1885/--/-- 41 - The Congo Free State (Zaire) becomes the possession of King Leopold II of Belgium.
1885/--/-- 41 - The Indian National Congress movement is founded in Bombay.
1886/--/-- 42 - Apache Indian chief Geronimo surrenders to General Nelson Miles.
1886/--/-- 42 - Britain makes Burma a province of India after winning the Anglo-Burma War.
1886/--/-- 42 - British prime minister Gladstone introduces an unsuccessful Home Rule bill for Ireland.
1886/--/-- 42 - French sculptor Auguste Rodin completes The Kiss.
1886/--/-- 42 - Gold is discovered in Transvaal, South Africa.
1886/--/-- 42 - Haymarket Square labor riot in Chicago kills eleven people
1886/--/-- 42 - Jose Balmaceda becomes president of Chile.
1886/--/-- 42 - Samuel Gompers organizes the American Federation of Labor.
1886/--/-- 42 - The Anglo-German Agreement recognizes German control over Tanganyika (Tanzania).
1886/--/-- 42 - The Statue of Liberty is unveiled in New York Harbor.
1887/--/-- 43 - Arthur Conan Doyle publishes the first Sherlock Holmes story.
1887/--/-- 43 - France creates the Union of Indochina (most of modern day Vietnam and Kampuchea).
1887/--/-- 43 - The Michelson-Morley experiment confirms the absence of ether.
1888/--/-- 44 - A patent is issued to American inventor John H. Loud for the first ball-point pen.
1888/--/-- 44 - American inventor George Eastman introduces the Kodak box camera.
1888/--/-- 44 - Britain unites its Caribbean colonies of Trinidad and Tobago.
1888/--/-- 44 - Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh paints Still Life With Sunflowers.
1888/--/-- 44 - Eastman's Kodak camera begins amateur photography
1888/--/-- 44 - Jack the Ripper murders seven women in London.
1888/--/-- 44 - Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov writes Scheherazade.
1888/--/-- 44 - The National Geographic Magazine is published for the first time.
1888/--/-- 44 - William II succeeds Frederick III as emperor of Germany.
1889/--/-- 45 - Benjamin Harrison (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1889/--/-- 45 - Benjamin Harrison is inaugurated as the 23rd U.S. president.
1889/--/-- 45 - Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria commits suicide at Mayerling.
1889/--/-- 45 - German revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg is exiled in Switzerland.
1889/--/-- 45 - Gustave Eiffel designs the Eiffel Tower for the Paris Exposition.
1889/--/-- 45 - Japan's first prime minister Ito Hirobumi introduces the Meiji Constitution.
1889/--/-- 45 - Montana is inaugurated as the 41st state.
1889/--/-- 45 - Montana is inaugurated as the 41st state; Washington is inaugurated as the 42nd state.
1889/--/-- 45 - North Dakota and South Dakota are inaugurated as the 39th and 40th states.
1889/--/-- 45 - North Dakota is inaugurated as the 39th state of the Union.
1889/--/-- 45 - Pedro II emperor of Brazil is overthrown in a coup; Brazil is declared a republic.
1889/--/-- 45 - South Dakota is inaugurated as the 40th state of the Union.
1889/--/-- 45 - Washington is inaugurated as the 42nd state.
1890/--/-- 46 - AFL founded by S Gompers
1890/--/-- 46 - American naval officer Alfred Mahan publishes The Influence of Sea Power upon History.
1890/--/-- 46 - American psychologist William James publishes The Principles of Psychology.
1890/--/-- 46 - Cecil Rhodes becomes prime minister of the Cape Colony in South Africa.
1890/--/-- 46 - Claude Debussy begins composing Suite Bergamasque, including Clair de lune.
1890/--/-- 46 - Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh commits suicide.
1890/--/-- 46 - German chancellor Otto von Bismarck is dismissed by Emperor William II.
1890/--/-- 46 - Idaho is inaugurated as the 43rd state.
1890/--/-- 46 - Idaho is inaugurated as the 43rd state; Wyoming is inaugurated as the 44th state.
1890/--/-- 46 - Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore publishes Manasi (The Mind's Embodiment).
1890/--/-- 46 - Photographer Jacob Riis documents New York's poor in How the Other Half Lives.
1890/--/-- 46 - Sherman Antitrust Act
1890/--/-- 46 - Sioux Indians are massacred at the Battle of Wounded Knee.
1890/--/-- 46 - The British South Africa Company occupies Zimbabwe; conflicts begin with the Ndebele.
1890/--/-- 46 - The Forth Railway Bridge is opened, replacing the Brooklyn Bridge as the longest span.
1890/--/-- 46 - Wyoming is inaugurated as the 44th state.
1890/--/-- 46 - Zanzibar becomes a British protectorate.
1891/--/-- 47 - Anglo-Irish author Oscar Wilde publishes his only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray.
1891/--/-- 47 - English novelist Thomas Hardy writes Tess of the D'Urbervilles.
1891/--/-- 47 - Eugene Dubois discovers the first Homo erectus remains on Java in Indonesia.
1891/--/-- 47 - French postimpressionist artist Paul Gauguin travels to Tahiti.
1891/--/-- 47 - James Naismith devises the game of basketball in Springfield, Mass.
1891/--/-- 47 - The American Express Company introduces the first traveler's checks.
1892/--/-- 48 - French artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec paints At the Moulin Rouge.
1892/--/-- 48 - Impressionist artist Paul Cezanne completes the Card Players.
1892/--/-- 48 - James J. Corbett wins the heavyweight boxing championship from John L. Sullivan.
1892/--/-- 48 - Strike at Carnegie Steel results in ten deaths
1892/--/-- 48 - The San Francisco Examiner begins printing the first newspaper comic strip.
1892/--/-- 48 - Writer and political revolutionary Jose Marti founds the Cuban Revolutionary party.
1893/--/-- 49 - American artist Louis Comfort Tiffany begins producing Art Nouveau glassware.
1893/--/-- 49 - Cleveland is inaugurated as the 24th U.S. president; Hendricks becomes vice-president.
1893/--/-- 49 - France adds Laos to "protectorate" of Indochina
1893/--/-- 49 - France adds Laos to the Union of Indochina.
1893/--/-- 49 - Gladstone's second Irish Home Rule Bill is vetoed by the House of Lords in Britain.
1893/--/-- 49 - Grover Cleveland (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1893/--/-- 49 - Queen Liliuokalani is ousted in Hawaii; Sanford B. Dole, is elected president (1894).
1893/--/-- 49 - The Ivory Coast becomes a French colony.
1893/--/-- 49 - Victor Horta's Tassel House in Brussels initiates the Art Nouveau architectural style.
1894/--/-- 50 *** Cowan, Samuel [Brother] - Died
1894/--/-- 50 - Britain establishes a protectorate over Buganda and conquers the rest of Uganda.
1894/--/-- 50 - Czech decorative artist Alfons Mucha designs a poster of Sarah Bernhardt.
1894/--/-- 50 - Dreyfus case splits France
1894/--/-- 50 - English artist Aubrey Beardsley illustrates Oscar Wilde's Salome.
1894/--/-- 50 - English author Rudyard Kipling publishes The Jungle Book.
1894/--/-- 50 - Percival Lowell builds an observatory to study the Martian canals.
1894/--/-- 50 - Rebellion in Korea begins the First Sino-Japanese War.
1894/--/-- 50 - The arrest of army captain Albert Dreyfus creates a political crisis in France.
1894/--/-- 50 - Thousands of Armenians are massacred in Turkey.
1895/--/-- 51 - Anglo-Irish playwright Oscar Wilde writes The Importance of Being Earnest.
1895/--/-- 51 - Japan defeats China; the Shimonoseki Treaty establishes Korean independence.
1895/--/-- 51 - Louis and Auguste Lumiere show the first motion pictures to a Paris cafe audience.
1895/--/-- 51 - Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilich Lenin is exiled to Siberia.
1895/--/-- 51 - Sir Henry Irving becomes the first British actor to be knighted.
1895/--/-- 51 - The American Bowling Congress (ABC) is founded.
1895/--/-- 51 - The Cuban War of Independence begins against Spain; Jose Marti is killed in battle.
1895/--/-- 51 - The Jameson Raid on the Boer republic of Transvaal increases anti-British hostility.
1895/--/-- 51 - The first list of best-selling books is published by The Bookman magazine.
1895/--/-- 51 - Wilhelm Rontgen discovers x-rays
1895/--/-- 51 - X rays are discovered by German physicist Wilhelm C. Roentgen.
1896/--/-- 52 - A tsunami (tidal wave) kills 27,000 people in Japan.
1896/--/-- 52 - Italian composer Giacomo Puccini writes the opera La Boheme.
1896/--/-- 52 - John Philip Sousa composes The Stars and Stripes Forever.
1896/--/-- 52 - King Menelik II defeats the Italians at Adwa, maintaining Ethiopian independence.
1896/--/-- 52 - Supreme Court rules "separate but equal" legal
1896/--/-- 52 - The first modern Olympic Games are held at Athens in Greece; 13 countries compete.
1896/--/-- 52 - Utah is inaugurated as the 45th state of the Union.
1897/--/-- 53 - American comic strip The Katzenjammer Kids is begun by Rudolph Dirks.
1897/--/-- 53 - Austrian artist Gustav Klimt helps to found the Vienna Secession group.
1897/--/-- 53 - British physician Havelock Ellis begins his Studies in the Psychology of Sex.
1897/--/-- 53 - English author Rudyard Kipling publishes Captains Courageous.
1897/--/-- 53 - French dramatist Edmond Rostand writes Cyrano de Bergerac.
1897/--/-- 53 - French primitive artist Henri Rousseau paints The Sleeping Gypsy.
1897/--/-- 53 - McKinley is inaugurated as the 25th U.S. president; Hobart becomes vice-president.
1897/--/-- 53 - Russian author Anton Chekhov writes the play Uncle Vanya.
1897/--/-- 53 - Stanislavsky founds the Moscow Art Theater and begins the method acting technique.
1897/--/-- 53 - The first subway un the U.S. opens in Boston.
1897/--/-- 53 - Theodor Herzl organizes the World Zionist Congress at Basel in Switzerland.
1897/--/-- 53 - William Mckinley (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1898/--/-- 54 - Anglo-Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw publishes Arms and the Man.
1898/--/-- 54 - Britain obtains a 99-year lease for Hong Kong from the Chinese.
1898/--/-- 54 - Commodore Dewey destroys the Spanish fleet in Manila harbor.
1898/--/-- 54 - Cuba occupied by U.S. and released
1898/--/-- 54 - English author H. G. Wells publishes The War of the Worlds.
1898/--/-- 54 - Spain cedes Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines to the U.S. in the Treaty of Paris.
1898/--/-- 54 - Spanish-American War, Cuba, Phillipines, US
1898/--/-- 54 - The Boxer Uprising begins in China; Empress Tz'u-hsi imprisons the emperor.
1898/--/-- 54 - The British under Kitchener defeat the Mahdists at Omdurman in Sudan.
1898/--/-- 54 - The Fashoda Incident leads to a French withdrawal from the Sudan.
1898/--/-- 54 - The Spanish fleet is destroyed off Cuba; Spain sues for peace.
1898/--/-- 54 - The Spanish-American War begins with a declaration of war by Congress.
1898/--/-- 54 - The U.S. army uses machine guns for the first time in the battle of Santiago.
1898/--/-- 54 - The U.S. battleship Maine explodes in the Spanish port of Manila in the Philippines.
1898/--/-- 54 - U.S. troops land on Cuba; Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders are in action.
1898/--/-- 54 - William Randolph Hearst's yellow journalism inflames anti-Spanish feelings.
1899/--/-- 55 - American artist Winslow Homer paints the Gulf Stream.
1899/--/-- 55 - American composer Scott Joplin publishes his Maple Leaf Rag.
1899/--/-- 55 - Designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh completes the Glasgow School of Art.
1899/--/-- 55 - English composer Edward Elgar writes The Enigma Variations.
1899/--/-- 55 - Journalist and future statesman Winston Churchill escapes from Boer captivity.
1899/--/-- 55 - Sigmund Freud "Interpretation of Dreams"
1899/--/-- 55 - The British under Robert Baden-Powell are besieged by the Boers at Mafeking.
1899/--/-- 55 - The South African War begins between the Boers (Afrikaners) and the British.
1899/--/-- 55 - U.S. Secretary of State John M. Hay advocates an Open Door Policy for China.
1900/--/-- 56 - American novelist Theodore Dreiser publishes his first novel Sister Carrie.
1900/--/-- 56 - An international force lifts the Boxer siege of Peking.
1900/--/-- 56 - British politician Keir Hardie helps to found the Labour party.
1900/--/-- 56 - Chinese nationalists besiege foreigners in Peking during the Boxer Uprising.
1900/--/-- 56 - Dutch physiologist Willem Einthoven invents the electrocardiograph.
1900/--/-- 56 - Hawaii is made a U.S. Territory; Sanford Dole serves as the first governor.
1900/--/-- 56 - Hector Guimard uses Art Nouveau designs for the entrances to the Paris Metro.
1900/--/-- 56 - Humbert I is assassinated; he is succeeded by Victor Emanuel III as king of Italy.
1900/--/-- 56 - Italian author Gabriele D'Annunzio publishes The Flame of Life.
1900/--/-- 56 - James J. Jeffries beats Jim Corbett to retain the heavyweight boxing title.
1900/--/-- 56 - Max Planck formulates the quantum theory in physics.
1900/--/-- 56 - Psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud publishes The Interpretation of Dreams.
1900/--/-- 56 - Sir Arthur Evans begins the excavation of the Minoan palace at Knossos, Crete.
1900/--/-- 56 - The Boers begin a guerrilla war against the British occupation forces.
1900/--/-- 56 - The British defeat the Boer (Afrikaner) armies in South Africa and occupy Pretoria.
1900/--/-- 56 - The U.S. wins the first Davis Cup tennis contest.
1901/--/-- 57 - A 39,000 year-old frozen mammoth is discovered in Russia.
1901/--/-- 57 - A stele bearing the Code of Hammurabi is discovered in Susa, Iran.
1901/--/-- 57 - American surgeon Walter Reed proves that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes.
1901/--/-- 57 - An American League of baseball is formed in competition to the National League.
1901/--/-- 57 - Andrew Carnegie sells his company and devotes himself to philanthropy.
1901/--/-- 57 - Britain incorporates Ashanti territory into the Gold Coast (Ghana).
1901/--/-- 57 - English author Beatrix Potter publishes her children's book The Tale of Peter Rabbit.
1901/--/-- 57 - Guglielmo Marconi tests radio transmissions between England and Newfoundland.
1901/--/-- 57 - King C. Gillette founds the American Safety Razor Company.
1901/--/-- 57 - Pres. McKinley shot by anarchist
1901/--/-- 57 - President McKinley is assassinated by the anarchist Leon Czolgosz.
1901/--/-- 57 - Queen Victoria dies; she is succeeded by her son Edward VII.
1901/--/-- 57 - Russia occupies Manchuria in north-east China.
1901/--/-- 57 - Sergei Rachmaninoff writes his Second Piano Concerto.
1901/--/-- 57 - Sir Edward Elgar composes the first of his five Pomp and Circumstance Marches.
1901/--/-- 57 - Spanish painter Pablo Picasso's Blue Period begins.
1901/--/-- 57 - Temperance advocate Carry Nation uses a hatchet to attack a Kansas saloon.
1901/--/-- 57 - The Commonwealth of Australia is founded.
1901/--/-- 57 - The first U.S. national bowling tournament is held.
1901/--/-- 57 - Theodore Roosevelt (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1901/--/-- 57 - Theodore Roosevelt is inaugurated as the 26th U.S. president.
1901/--/-- 57 - Victor L. Berger and Eugene V. Debs help found the American Socialist party.
1901/01/02 57 - Edward VII succeeds as King of Great Britain and Ireland.
1902/--/-- 58 - American artist Robert Henri paints the New York street scene West 57th Street.
1902/--/-- 58 - Conan Doyle writes the Sherlock Holmes adventure The Hound of the Baskervilles.
1902/--/-- 58 - English author Joseph Conrad publishes Heart of Darkness.
1902/--/-- 58 - French filmmaker Georges Melies produces A Trip to the Moon.
1902/--/-- 58 - Italian opera singer Enrico Caruso makes his first phonographic recording.
1902/--/-- 58 - Maksim Gorky's The Lower Depths is produced at the Moscow Art Theater.
1902/--/-- 58 - Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. is appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court.
1902/--/-- 58 - Roosevelt begins conservation of forests
1902/--/-- 58 - The Photo-Secession group is founded in New York by photographer Alfred Stieglitz.
1902/--/-- 58 - The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the South African War.
1902/08/-- 58 - Edward VII crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India at Wes
1903/--/-- 59 - Alexander, King of Serbia, is assassinated; he is succeeded by Peter I.
1903/--/-- 59 - American author Jack London publishes The Call of the Wild.
1903/--/-- 59 - American novelist Henry James publishes The Ambassadors.
1903/--/-- 59 - Bernard Shaw's play Man and Superman is produced in London.
1903/--/-- 59 - Colonel Francis Younghusband leads a British military expedition into Tibet.
1903/--/-- 59 - Edwin S. Porter directs the pioneering Western film The Great Train Robbery.
1903/--/-- 59 - Emmeline Pankhurst founds the Women's Social and Political Union in Britain.
1903/--/-- 59 - Marie and Pierre Curie win the Nobel Prize for Physics for their work on radioactivity.
1903/--/-- 59 - Orville Wright makes the first successful flight in a self-propelled airplane.
1903/--/-- 59 - Panama declares its independence from Columbia; the U.S. recognizes the new republic.
1903/--/-- 59 - The Rolls-Royce automobile company is founded in Britain.
1903/--/-- 59 - The U.S. acquires perpetual control over the Panama Canal Zone.
1903/--/-- 59 - The first World Series baseball game is played.
1903/--/-- 59 - Vladimir Ilich Lenin organizes the Bolshevik revolutionary group.
1903/--/-- 59 - Wright Bros. first airplane
1903/10/-- 59 - World Series NL PITTSBURGH (3) AL BOSTON (5)
1904/--/-- 60 - Italian composer Giacomo Puccini's opera Madame Butterfly is produced.
1904/--/-- 60 - Ivan Pavlov, discoverer of the conditioned reflex, is awarded the Nobel Prize.
1904/--/-- 60 - James Barrie's play Peter Pan is produced in London.
1904/--/-- 60 - Max Weber publishes The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.
1904/--/-- 60 - Roosevelt asserts U.S. right to intervene in Latin America
1904/--/-- 60 - Russia and Japan at war
1904/--/-- 60 - Russian author Anton Chekhov's play The Cherry Orchard is produced.
1904/--/-- 60 - Territorial disputes in Manchuria begin the Russo-Japanese War.
1904/--/-- 60 - The Abbey Theatre is founded in Dublin.
1904/--/-- 60 - The New York City subway is opened.
1905/--/-- 61 - A general strike and revolution begin in Russia; Nicholas II grants a constitution.
1905/--/-- 61 - Albert Einstein proposes Special Theory of Relativity
1905/--/-- 61 - Ambrose Fleming invents the thermionic valve, used to improve radio reception.
1905/--/-- 61 - American humorist and actor Will Rogers makes his New York City debut.
1905/--/-- 61 - American labor leader Eugene V. Debs founds the Industrial Workers of the World.
1905/--/-- 61 - Chinese revolutionary Sun Yat-sen founds the T'ung-meng hui (Alliance Society).
1905/--/-- 61 - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner organizes the expressionist painters group Die Brucke.
1905/--/-- 61 - French territorial ambitions spark the first Moroccan crisis.
1905/--/-- 61 - German physicist Albert Einstein proposes his Special Theory of Relativity.
1905/--/-- 61 - German poet Rainer Maria Rilke publishes The Book of Hours.
1905/--/-- 61 - Henri Matisse and Andre Derain form the Fauves (Wild Beasts) art movement.
1905/--/-- 61 - Psychologist Alfred Binet develops intelligence tests for school children.
1905/--/-- 61 - Roosevelt begins his second term as U.S. president; Fairbanks becomes vice-president.
1905/--/-- 61 - The Cullinan diamond is found in South Africa; it weighs 3,106 carats.
1905/--/-- 61 - The Russian fleet is destroyed by the Japanese at the Battle of Tsushima.
1905/--/-- 61 - The Sinn Fein Irish nationalist movement is founded by Arthur Griffith.
1905/--/-- 61 - The union of Norway and Sweden is dissolved; Haakon VII is elected king of Norway.
1905/--/-- 61 - W.E.B. Du Bois forms the Niagara Movement to demand full civil rights for black Americans.
1905/--/-- 61 - mini-revolution in Russia
1905/10/-- 61 - World Series NL NEW YORK (4) AL PHILADELPHIA (1)
1906/--/-- 62 - British author John Galsworthy publishes the first novel of The Forsythe Saga.
1906/--/-- 62 - H.M.S. Dreadnought, the first modern battleship, is launched.
1906/--/-- 62 - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen traverses the Northwest Passage.
1906/--/-- 62 - The Aga Khan III forms the All-India Moslim League.
1906/--/-- 62 - The Dreyfus affair ends with the pardoning of French army officer Alfred Dreyfus.
1906/--/-- 62 - The San Francisco earthquake kills 700.
1906/--/-- 62 - Under the Platt Amendment U.S. troops return to Cuba to quell rebellion and restore order.
1906/--/-- 62 - Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle leads to the U.S. Pure Foods and Drugs Act.
1906/10/-- 62 - World Series NL CHICAGO (2) AL CHICAGO (4)
1907/--/-- 63 - A Triple Entente is formed between Britain, France and Russia.
1907/--/-- 63 - Anna Pavlova dances The Dying Swan, choreographed by Mikhail Fokine.
1907/--/-- 63 - Irish playwright J.M. Synge writes The Playboy of the Western World.
1907/--/-- 63 - Lee De Forest invents the triode, a key component for amplifying radio signals.
1907/--/-- 63 - Oklahoma is inaugurated as the 46th state of the Union.
1907/--/-- 63 - Rasputin gains influence at the court of Russian emperor Nicholas II.
1907/--/-- 63 - The Panic of 1907 begins with the collapse of the U.S. stock market.
1907/--/-- 63 - The first Ziegfeld Follies are staged in New York City.
1907/10/-- 63 - World Series NL CHICAGO (4) AL DETROIT (0)
1908/--/-- 64 - An earthquake at Messina in Italy kills 80,000.
1908/--/-- 64 - Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia and Hercegovina.
1908/--/-- 64 - Austrian artist Gustav Klimt paints The Kiss.
1908/--/-- 64 - Automaker William Durant founds the General Motors Company.
1908/--/-- 64 - British soldier Robert Baden-Powell founds the Boy Scout movement.
1908/--/-- 64 - Filmmakers Charles Pathe and Leon Gaumont produce the first newsreel.
1908/--/-- 64 - GE patents electric toaster
1908/--/-- 64 - Jack Johnson becomes the first black heavyweight boxing champion.
1908/--/-- 64 - Kenneth Grahame publishes his children's story The Wind in the Willows.
1908/--/-- 64 - King Leopold II of the Belgians establishes the Independent State of Congo in Africa.
1908/--/-- 64 - Liberal leader Herbert Asquith becomes prime minister of Britain.
1908/--/-- 64 - Mary Baker Eddy establishes the Christian Science Monitor.
1908/--/-- 64 - Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque cofound the cubism art movement.
1908/--/-- 64 - The Ashcan school of painters exhibit in New York City.
1908/--/-- 64 - The Ford Motor Company produces the first Model T automobile.
1908/--/-- 64 - The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
1908/--/-- 64 - The Tunguska fireball explodes in Siberia with the force of a modern H-bomb.
1908/--/-- 64 - The Young Turk Revolution in Turkey leads to political reform.
1908/10/-- 64 - World Series NL CHICAGO (4) AL DETROIT (1)
1909/--/-- 65 - American architect Frank Lloyd Wright builds the Robie House in Chicago.
1909/--/-- 65 - American artist George Bellows paints the prize fight scene Stag at Sharkey's.
1909/--/-- 65 - American explorer Robert E. Peary reaches the North Pole.
1909/--/-- 65 - American poet William Carlos Williams publishes Poems, his first book.
1909/--/-- 65 - American writer Gertrude Stein publishes Three Lives.
1909/--/-- 65 - French aviator Louis Bleriot makes the first flight across the English Channel.
1909/--/-- 65 - NAACP in NYC
1909/--/-- 65 - Russian impresario Serge Diaghilev presents the Ballet Russe in Paris.
1909/--/-- 65 - Taft is inaugurated as the 27th U.S. president; Sherman becomes vice-president.
1909/--/-- 65 - William Howard Taft (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1909/10/-- 65 - World Series NL PITTSBURGH (4) AL DETROIT (3)
1910/--/-- 66 - British Empire covers 1/5th of world land area
1910/--/-- 66 - British author Arnold Bennett publishes Clayhanger.
1910/--/-- 66 - British politician Winston Churchill is appointed first lord of the Admiralty.
1910/--/-- 66 - France groups four African territories together as French Equatorial Africa.
1910/--/-- 66 - French primitive artist Henri Rousseau paints The Dream.
1910/--/-- 66 - French sculptor Auguste Rodin casts the bronze figure The Thinker.
1910/--/-- 66 - Fundamentalism begins with "Five Points"
1910/--/-- 66 - George V succeeds his father Edward VII as king of Great Britain and Ireland.
1910/--/-- 66 - German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich synthesizes Salversan, a cure for syphilis.
1910/--/-- 66 - Italian artists led by Umberto Boccioni found the futurism movement.
1910/--/-- 66 - Japanese forces annex Korea.
1910/--/-- 66 - Madero, Villa and Zapata lead a revolution against Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz.
1910/--/-- 66 - Russian-born artist Wassily Kandinsky executes his first abstract painting.
1910/--/-- 66 - The Art Deco architectural and decorative arts style begins to become popular.
1910/--/-- 66 - The Union of South Africa is formed; Louis Botha becomes the first prime minister.
1910/05/-- 66 - George V succeeds as King of Great Britain and Ireland.
1910/10/-- 66 - World Series NL CHICAGO (1) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1911/--/-- 67 - American aviator Glen Curtiss flies the first successful seaplane.
1911/--/-- 67 - American novelist Edith Wharton publishes Ethan Frome.
1911/--/-- 67 - American songwriter Irving Berlin publishes Alexander's Ragtime Band.
1911/--/-- 67 - Elmer A. Sperry designs the first American gyrocompass.
1911/--/-- 67 - English author G.K. Chesterton publishes the first Father Brown story.
1911/--/-- 67 - German-American anthropologist Franz Boas publishes The Mind of Primitive Man.
1911/--/-- 67 - Hans Geiger invents an electrical device to count individual alpha particles.
1911/--/-- 67 - Italy's attempts to annex Cyrenaica and Tripolitania leads to the Italo-Turkish War.
1911/--/-- 67 - Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz is overthrown; Francisco Madero becomes president.
1911/--/-- 67 - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen reaches the South Pole ahead of Robert Scott.
1911/--/-- 67 - Richard Strauss' opera Der Rosenkavalier is performed for the first time.
1911/--/-- 67 - Robert A Millikan measures electron's charge
1911/--/-- 67 - Russian artist Marc Chagall paints I and My Village.
1911/--/-- 67 - Sir Ernest Rutherford formulates his theory of atomic structure.
1911/--/-- 67 - The Ch'ing dynasty is deposed in China; a republic is formed under Sun Yat-sen.
1911/--/-- 67 - The first film studio is established at Hollywood in California.
1911/--/-- 67 - Tibet declares its independence from China.
1911/--/-- 67 - Willis Carrier designs the first practical air conditioning system.
1911/06/02 67 - George V crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Randa
1911/10/-- 67 - World Series NL NEW YORK (2) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1912/--/-- 68 - American Indian Jim Thorpe wins the Olympic decathlon and pentathlon.
1912/--/-- 68 - American author Edgar Rice Burroughs publishes Tarzan of the Apes.
1912/--/-- 68 - American writer Willa Cather publishes her first novel Alexander's Bridge.
1912/--/-- 68 - Arizona is inaugurated as the 48th state.
1912/--/-- 68 - Austrian psychologist Alfred Adler publishes The Neurotic Constitution.
1912/--/-- 68 - British explorers under Scott reach the South Pole but die during their return.
1912/--/-- 68 - French Dada artist Marcel Duchamp paints Nude Descending a Staircase.
1912/--/-- 68 - German geophysicist Alfred Wegener formulates his continental drift hypothesis.
1912/--/-- 68 - Morocco is divided between France and Spain after the second Moroccan crisis.
1912/--/-- 68 - New Mexico is inaugurated as the 47th state.
1912/--/-- 68 - New Mexico is inaugurated as the 47th state; Arizona is inaugurated as the 48th state.
1912/--/-- 68 - Piltdown man is discovered in Britain, beginning an elaborate scientific hoax.
1912/--/-- 68 - Russian dancer Vaslav Nijinsky choreographs and dances in The Afternoon of the Faun.
1912/--/-- 68 - The Balkan League begins the first Balkan War against the Ottoman Empire.
1912/--/-- 68 - The liner Titanic sinks after colliding with an iceberg on her maiden voyage.
1912/--/-- 68 - Theodore Roosevelt campaigns for the U.S. presidency under the Bull Moose ticket.
1912/10/-- 68 - World Series NL NEW YORK (3) AL BOSTON (4)
1913/--/-- 69 - American poet Robert Frost publishes A Boy's Will.
1913/--/-- 69 - Bertrand Russell and A.E. Whitehead publish Principia Mathematica.
1913/--/-- 69 - Danish physicist Niels Bohr publishes his atomic theory.
1913/--/-- 69 - English novelist D.H. Lawrence publishes Sons and Lovers.
1913/--/-- 69 - Federal income tax is introduced in the U.S.
1913/--/-- 69 - Igor Stravinsky's ballet The Rite of Spring causes a scandal at the Paris premiere.
1913/--/-- 69 - Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
1913/--/-- 69 - King George I of Greece is assassinated; he is succeeded by Constantine I
1913/--/-- 69 - Marcel Proust writes the first volume of Remembrance of Things Past.
1913/--/-- 69 - Medical missionary Albert Schweitzer builds a hospital at Lambarene in Africa.
1913/--/-- 69 - Russian revolutionary Joseph Stalin is exiled to Siberia by the tsarist government.
1913/--/-- 69 - Samuel Goldwyn founds his first movie company with Jesse Lasky and Cecil B. De Mille.
1913/--/-- 69 - Socialists Sidney and Beatrice Webb found the political journal The New Statesman.
1913/--/-- 69 - The constructivism art movement begins in Russia.
1913/--/-- 69 - The island of Crete is united with Greece.
1913/--/-- 69 - The second Balkan War begins with a Bulgarian attack on Serbia.
1913/--/-- 69 - Victoriano Huerta leads a military coup in Mexico; president Francisco Madero is killed.
1913/--/-- 69 - Wilson is inaugurated as the 28th U.S. president; Marshall becomes vice-president.
1913/--/-- 69 - Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1913/10/-- 69 - World Series NL NEW YORK (1) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1914/--/-- 70 - A British expedition led by Ernest Shackleton is marooned in the Antarctic.
1914/--/-- 70 - A German fleet defeats the British at Coronel but is decimated at the Falklands.
1914/--/-- 70 - Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated in Sarajevo, precipitating World War I.
1914/--/-- 70 - Austrian forces invade Serbia but are repulsed with heavy losses.
1914/--/-- 70 - Black composer W.C. Handy writes the St. Louis Blues.
1914/--/-- 70 - Charlie Chaplin develops his little tramp character in a series of slapstick films.
1914/--/-- 70 - France, Russia and Britain (the Allies) are at war with Germany and Austria-Hungary.
1914/--/-- 70 - George Bernard Shaw's play Pygmallion is performed for the first time.
1914/--/-- 70 - German forces invade Belgium and France but are halted at the Marne.
1914/--/-- 70 - German submarines begin to exact a heavy toll on Allied shipping.
1914/--/-- 70 - Japan joins the Allies and captures the German base of Tsingtao in China.
1914/--/-- 70 - Mack Sennett produces comedy films starring the Keystone Kops.
1914/--/-- 70 - Parisian couturier Coco Chanel begins designing clothes.
1914/--/-- 70 - President Wilson declares U.S. neutrality in World War I.
1914/--/-- 70 - Russian forces invade East Prussia but are defeated at the Battle of Tannenberg.
1914/--/-- 70 - The Panama Canal is completed, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
1914/--/-- 70 - Turkey declares war on the Allies; Britain annexes Turkish Cyprus.
1914/--/-- 70 - U.S. Marines land at Veracruz in Mexico; President Huerta resigns.
1914/--/-- 70 - World War I begins
1914/10/-- 70 - World Series NL BOSTON (4) AL PHILADELPHIA (0)
1915/--/-- 71 - A German submarine torpedoes the British liner Lusitania; 124 Americans are killed.
1915/--/-- 71 - Albert Einstein formulates his General Theory of Relativity.
1915/--/-- 71 - Anglo-French forces land at Gallipoli in an attempt to force Turkey out of the war.
1915/--/-- 71 - Austrian writer Franz Kafka publishes The Metamorphosis.
1915/--/-- 71 - D. W. Griffith's movie The Birth of a Nation is shown for the first time.
1915/--/-- 71 - Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa lead rebellions against Venustiano Carranza in Mexico.
1915/--/-- 71 - English author Somerset Maugham publishes Of Human Bondage.
1915/--/-- 71 - German Zeppelin airships begin bombing attacks on Britain.
1915/--/-- 71 - Italy joins the Allies and invades Austrian territory.
1915/--/-- 71 - President Wilson recognizes the Mexican government of Venustiano Carranza.
1915/--/-- 71 - Serbia is overrun by the combined forces of Austria, Germany and Bulgaria.
1915/--/-- 71 - The Anzacs (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) fight at Gallipoli.
1915/--/-- 71 - The Dada art and literary movement is formed.
1915/--/-- 71 - The Germans use poison gas for the first time at Ypres on the Western Front.
1915/--/-- 71 - U.S. Marines land in Haiti, beginning a 20-year period of military occupation.
1915/--/-- 71 - War poet Rupert Brooke's 1914 and Other Poems is published in the year he dies.
1915/10/-- 71 - World Series NL PHILADELPHIA (1) AL BOSTON (4)
1916/--/-- 72 - Albert Einstein proposes General Theory of Relativity
1916/--/-- 72 - Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli after strong Turkish opposition.
1916/--/-- 72 - American poet Carl Sandburg publishes his first book Chicago Poems.
1916/--/-- 72 - British forces assault the German line at the Somme; tanks are used for the first time.
1916/--/-- 72 - German assaults at Verdun are repulsed by the French with great loss of life.
1916/--/-- 72 - James Joyce publishes A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.
1916/--/-- 72 - Jeannette Rankin becomes the first female member of U.S. House of Representatives.
1916/--/-- 72 - Lloyd George becomes prime minister of Britain's wartime coalition government.
1916/--/-- 72 - Margaret Sanger is arrested for opening a birth-control clinic in Brooklyn.
1916/--/-- 72 - North Sea storms flood lowlands in the Netherlands, 10,000 lives are lost.
1916/--/-- 72 - T. Tzara DADA
1916/--/-- 72 - The British and German fleets clash at the Battle of Jutland.
1916/--/-- 72 - The Easter Rising in Dublin is suppressed within a week by the British.
1916/--/-- 72 - The Russian Brusilov Offensive meets with success on the Eastern Front.
1916/--/-- 72 - The Trans-Siberian railway is completed -- the longest continuous rail line in the world.
1916/--/-- 72 - U.S. Marines land in Santo Domingo to quell unrest; the occupation lasts until 1924.
1916/--/-- 72 - U.S. troops under Pershing invade Mexico in retaliation for raids by Pancho Villa.
1916/10/-- 72 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (1) AL BOSTON (4)
1917/--/-- 73 - Adoption of the convoy system reduces Allied losses to German submarines.
1917/--/-- 73 - Anglo-American poet T.S. Eliot publishes The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.
1917/--/-- 73 - Art critic and writer Guillaume Apollinaire coins the term surrealism.
1917/--/-- 73 - Astrophysicist Karl Schwarzschild develops the black hole theory.
1917/--/-- 73 - Blacks migrate north and west
1917/--/-- 73 - British forces attack the Germans in the Third Battle of Ypres.
1917/--/-- 73 - British forces under Allenby capture Jerusalem and Bagdhad from the Turks.
1917/--/-- 73 - Dutch artists Theo Van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian found the magazine de Stijl.
1917/--/-- 73 - English composer Gustav Holst completes The Planets.
1917/--/-- 73 - English humorist P.G. Wodehouse creates Bertie Wooster and his butler Jeeves.
1917/--/-- 73 - Germany announces the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1917/--/-- 73 - Italian forces are defeated by Austria at the Battle of Caporetto.
1917/--/-- 73 - Russian revolutions: communist U.S.S.R. formed
1917/--/-- 73 - Selective Service Act creates draft
1917/--/-- 73 - Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung publishes The Psychology of the Unconscious.
1917/--/-- 73 - T.E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) leads the Arab revolt against the Turks.
1917/--/-- 73 - The Balfour Declaration endorses a Jewish national homeland in Palestine.
1917/--/-- 73 - The Germans and the Bolshevik leaders sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk.
1917/--/-- 73 - The Germans help Lenin return to Russia from exile in Switzerland.
1917/--/-- 73 - The Jones Act gives all Puerto Ricans the right to U.S. citizenship.
1917/--/-- 73 - The Russian Revolution begins; Emperor Nicholas II abdicates.
1917/--/-- 73 - The U.S. purchases the Virgin Islands from Denmark.
1917/--/-- 73 - The United States declares war on Germany.
1917/--/-- 73 - The Zimmermann note proposing a secret Mexican alliance with Germany is revealed.
1917/--/-- 73 - The disastrous Nivelle Offensive leads to mutinies in the French Army.
1917/--/-- 73 - The earliest jazz recordings are made in New York City.
1917/--/-- 73 - The first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded for journalism, letters and music.
1917/--/-- 73 - The provisional Kerensky government is deposed; Bolsheviks seize power in Russia.
1917/10/-- 73 - World Series NL NEW YORK (2) AL CHICAGO (4)
1918/--/-- 74 - Advances by French, British and American armies force a general German retreat.
1918/--/-- 74 - American astronomer Harlow Shapley discovers the dimensions of the Milky Way.
1918/--/-- 74 - American author Booth Tarkington writes The Magnificent Ambersons.
1918/--/-- 74 - American forcesunder Pershing help to stem the German offensive.
1918/--/-- 74 - An airmail service begins among New York, Philadelphia and Washington, D.C.
1918/--/-- 74 - An influenza pandemic begins (it kills 21-22 million in 2 years).
1918/--/-- 74 - Austria, Poland and Czechoslovakia become republics in the aftermath of World War I.
1918/--/-- 74 - Bloomsbury Group member Lytton Strachey publishes Eminent Victorians.
1918/--/-- 74 - Bolshevik leader Leon Trotsky organizes the Red Army.
1918/--/-- 74 - Civil war breaks out between the Red and White Russian armies.
1918/--/-- 74 - French composer Erik Satie writes Socrate.
1918/--/-- 74 - German air ace Manfred von Richthofen (the Red Baron) is shot down and killed.
1918/--/-- 74 - Nicholas II, the last emperor of Russia, and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks.
1918/--/-- 74 - Revolution breaks out in Germany; Emperor William II flees to the Netherlands.
1918/--/-- 74 - Shapley determines sun is part of Milky Way galaxy
1918/--/-- 74 - The Germans renew their assault on the Western Front in the Ludendorff Offensive.
1918/--/-- 74 - The Weimar Republic negotiates an armistice for Germany, ending World War I.
1918/--/-- 74 - The world's largest telescope is installed at Mount Wilson Observatory.
1918/--/-- 74 - Women over 30 win the vote in Britain.
1918/10/-- 74 - World Series NL CHICAGO (2) AL BOSTON (4)
1919/--/-- 75 - Boxer Jack Dempsey knocks out Jess Willard to become heavyweight champion.
1919/--/-- 75 - British troops massacre demonstrators at Amritsar in India.
1919/--/-- 75 - English aviators Alcock and Brown make the first nonstop transatlantic flight.
1919/--/-- 75 - French tennis star Suzanne Lenglen wins the Wimbledon tournament for the first time.
1919/--/-- 75 - George Gershwin composes his first hit song Swanee.
1919/--/-- 75 - German communist Rosa Luxemburg is murdered after the Sparticus uprising.
1919/--/-- 75 - Italian leader Benito Mussolini organizes his Fascist movement.
1919/--/-- 75 - Jan Smuts succeeds Louis Botha as prime minister of South Africa.
1919/--/-- 75 - Lady Astor becomes the first woman member of the British House of Commons.
1919/--/-- 75 - League of Nations
1919/--/-- 75 - Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata is killed.
1919/--/-- 75 - Russian-American anarchist Emma Goldman is deported to the Soviet Union.
1919/--/-- 75 - The Bauhaus school of design is founded in Germany by Walter Gropius.
1919/--/-- 75 - The Chicago White Sox conspire to fix the baseball World Series.
1919/--/-- 75 - The German fleet is scuttled at Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands.
1919/--/-- 75 - The League of Nations is formed with Geneva in Switzerland as its headquarters.
1919/--/-- 75 - The Paris Peace Conference opens at Versailles.
1919/--/-- 75 - The Polish-Soviet War begins over territorial disputes.
1919/--/-- 75 - The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) is formed.
1919/--/-- 75 - Versailles Peace Treaty
1919/--/-- 75 - World War I ends
1919/10/-- 75 - World Series NL CINCINNATI (5) AL CHICAGO (3)
1920/--/-- 76 - 18th Amendment prohibits alcohol
1920/--/-- 76 - 19th Amendment gives women right to vote
1920/--/-- 76 - A Home Rule Bill establishes parliaments for northern and southern Ireland.
1920/--/-- 76 - Admiral Miklos Horthy is appointed regent of Hungary.
1920/--/-- 76 - Adolf Hitler forms the National Socialist German Workers' (Nazi) party.
1920/--/-- 76 - American novelist Sinclair Lewis publishes Main Street.
1920/--/-- 76 - American tennis star Bill Tilden wins the Wimbledon tournament for the first time.
1920/--/-- 76 - Arturo Alessandri becomes president of Chile.
1920/--/-- 76 - British East Africa becomes a crown colony as Kenya.
1920/--/-- 76 - Chaim Weizmann is named president of the World Zionist Organization.
1920/--/-- 76 - Dutch artist Piet Mondrian paints the Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue.
1920/--/-- 76 - French Art Deco glassmaker Rene Lalique opens a glass factory.
1920/--/-- 76 - German East Africa is transferred to British control as Tanganyika (now Tanzania).
1920/--/-- 76 - Mahatma Gandhi begins a noncooperation campaign against British rule in India.
1920/--/-- 76 - Mexican president Venustiano Carranza is deposed and killed by Alvaro Obregon.
1920/--/-- 76 - Mystery writer Agatha Christie publishes her first Hercule Poirot story.
1920/--/-- 76 - Russian artist Aleksandr Rodchenko designs the first mobile.
1920/--/-- 76 - The 18th Amendment institutes the prohibition of alcohol throughout the U.S.
1920/--/-- 76 - The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gives women the right to vote.
1920/--/-- 76 - The Russian Civil War ends with victory for the Bolsheviks.
1920/--/-- 76 - The U.S. Senate votes against joining the League of Nations.
1920/10/-- 76 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (2) AL CLEVELAND (5)
1921/--/-- 77 - Alexander rules the new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
1921/--/-- 77 - American anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are found guilty of murder.
1921/--/-- 77 - Berber tribes under Abd el-Krim attack garrisons in Spanish Morocco.
1921/--/-- 77 - French cubist artist Fernand Leger paints Three Women.
1921/--/-- 77 - German surrealist artist Max Ernst paints L'Elephant celebes.
1921/--/-- 77 - Harding is inaugurated as the 29th U.S. president; Coolidge becomes vice-president.
1921/--/-- 77 - Japanese premier Hara Takashi is assassinated.
1921/--/-- 77 - Latin lover Rudolph Valentino stars in the silent film The Sheik.
1921/--/-- 77 - Luigi Pirandello's play Six Characters in Search of an Author is produced.
1921/--/-- 77 - Mexican artist Diego Rivera begins painting murals depicting contemporary Mexican life.
1921/--/-- 77 - The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is created by Royal Charter.
1921/--/-- 77 - The Irish Free State becomes a self-governing dominion of Britain.
1921/--/-- 77 - The Reparations Commission fixes Germany's liability at 132 billion gold marks.
1921/--/-- 77 - W. L. MacKenzie King is elected prime minister of Canada for the first time.
1921/--/-- 77 - Warren G. Harding (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1921/10/-- 77 - World Series NL NEW YORK (5) AL NEW YORK (3)
1922/--/-- 78 - Anglo-American poet T.S. Eliot writes The Waste Land.
1922/--/-- 78 - Constantine I abdicates as king of Greece; is succeeded by George II.
1922/--/-- 78 - DeWitt Wallace launches Reader's Digest magazine.
1922/--/-- 78 - Egypt achieves independence from Britain and becomes a monarchy under Fuad I.
1922/--/-- 78 - Emily Post publishes Etiquette in Society, in Business, in Politics, and at Home.
1922/--/-- 78 - English Egyptologist Howard Carter excavates Tutankhamen's tomb.
1922/--/-- 78 - English composer William Walton composes Facade.
1922/--/-- 78 - Explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first fossil dinosaur eggs in the Gobi desert.
1922/--/-- 78 - Irish poet and novelist James Joyce publishes Ulysses.
1922/--/-- 78 - Irish revolutionary statesman Michael Collins is assassinated.
1922/--/-- 78 - Kemal Ataturk's attempts to restore Turkish territory leads to the Chanak Crisis.
1922/--/-- 78 - Mahatma Gandhi is imprisoned for civil disobedience in India.
1922/--/-- 78 - Robert Flaherty produces the first major film documentary Nanook of the North.
1922/--/-- 78 - The Fascists march on Rome; King Victor Emmanuel III names Mussolini prime minister.
1922/--/-- 78 - William T. Cosgrave becomes the first prime minister of the Irish Free State.
1922/10/-- 78 - World Series NL NEW YORK (4) AL NEW YORK (0)
1923/--/-- 79 - "King" Oliver's Creole Jazz Band is the first black band to be recorded.
1923/--/-- 79 - Adolf Hitler's coup d'etat in Munich fails; he is captured and imprisoned.
1923/--/-- 79 - Aircraft designer Willy Messerschmitt opens a factory in Germany.
1923/--/-- 79 - American poet E. E. Cummings writes the novel The Enormous Room.
1923/--/-- 79 - Briton Hadden and Henry R. Luce found the weekly newsmagazine Time.
1923/--/-- 79 - Calvin Coolidge (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1923/--/-- 79 - Child violinist Yehudi Menuhin makes his public debut at age 7.
1923/--/-- 79 - Filmmaker Cecil B. De Mille directs the biblical epic The Ten Commandments.
1923/--/-- 79 - French and Belgian troops occupy the Ruhr to enforce German war reparations.
1923/--/-- 79 - General Miguel Primo de Rivera rules as dictator of Spain.
1923/--/-- 79 - Irish poet William Butler Yeats wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
1923/--/-- 79 - Italy becomes first fascist state
1923/--/-- 79 - Jewish philosopher Martin Buber publishes Ich und Du (I and Thou).
1923/--/-- 79 - Physicist Hermann Oberth publishes The Rocket into Planetary Space.
1923/--/-- 79 - Spanish engineer Juan de la Cierva invents the autogiro.
1923/--/-- 79 - Stanley Baldwin becomes Conservative prime minister of Britain for the first time.
1923/--/-- 79 - The Treaty of Lausanne establishes the boundaries of modern Turkey.
1923/--/-- 79 - Tokyo and Yokohama are destroyed by an earthquake; 100,000 are killed.
1923/--/-- 79 - Turkey is declared a republic; Ataturk Kemal becomes the first president.
1923/--/-- 79 - Vladimir Zworykin patents the iconoscope, the first television transmission tube.
1923/--/-- 79 - Warren G. Harding dies; Calvin Coolidge is inaugurated as the 30th U.S. president.
1923/10/-- 79 - World Series NL NEW YORK (2) AL NEW YORK (4)
1924/--/-- 80 - Adolf Hitler publishes his Nazi political tract Mein Kampf (My Battle).
1924/--/-- 80 - Arab leader Ibn Saud drives the Hashimites from Mecca.
1924/--/-- 80 - English novelist E.M. Forster publishes A Passage To India.
1924/--/-- 80 - French physicist Louis de Broglie proposes the wavelength nature of particles.
1924/--/-- 80 - German novelist Thomas Mann publishes The Magic Mountain.
1924/--/-- 80 - J. Edgar Hoover is appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation (renamed the FBI).
1924/--/-- 80 - Ramsay MacDonald forms the first Labour government in Britain.
1924/--/-- 80 - Schrodinger proposes wave mechanics
1924/--/-- 80 - Soviet leader Lenin dies; new leader Joseph Stalin begins a purge of his opponents.
1924/--/-- 80 - The Boston Bruins become the first professional ice hockey team.
1924/--/-- 80 - The military declare a republic in Greece; King George II is exiled.
1924/--/-- 80 - U.S. Congress investigates suspicious dealings in the Teapot Dome scandal.
1924/10/-- 80 - World Series NL NEW YORK (3) AL WASHINGTON (4)
1925/--/-- 81 - Ahmed Zogu proclaims Albania a monarchy and rules as King Zog.
1925/--/-- 81 - American writer F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes The Great Gatsby.
1925/--/-- 81 - American writer John Dos Passos publishes Manhattan Transfer.
1925/--/-- 81 - Astronomer Edwin Hubble composes a classification scheme for galaxies.
1925/--/-- 81 - Automaker Walter P. Chrysler founds the Chrysler Corporation.
1925/--/-- 81 - Black American dancer Josephine Baker stars in La Revue negre in Paris.
1925/--/-- 81 - Clarence Birdseye begins marketing his quick-frozen food packages.
1925/--/-- 81 - Friedrich Ebert dies; Paul von Hindenburg becomes president of the German republic.
1925/--/-- 81 - John T. Scopes is tried in Tennessee for teaching the theory of evolution.
1925/--/-- 81 - Reza Shah Pahlavi rules as shah of Iran.
1925/--/-- 81 - Russian filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein directs The Battleship Potemkin.
1925/--/-- 81 - Swiss-born artist Paul Klee paints Fish Magic.
1925/--/-- 81 - The Locarno Pact finalizes the treaties between the World War I protagonists.
1925/--/-- 81 - The New Yorker magazine is founded in New York City.
1925/--/-- 81 - The all-black revue Runnin' Wild introduces the Charleston dance craze.
1925/10/-- 81 - World Series NL PITTSBURGH (4) AL WASHINGTON (3)
1926/--/-- 82 - American artist Georgia O'Keeffe paints her flower portrait Black Iris.
1926/--/-- 82 - American golfer Bobby Jones wins the U.S. Open and the British Open tournaments.
1926/--/-- 82 - American physicist Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-propellant rocket.
1926/--/-- 82 - Antonio Oscar de Fragoso Carmona becomes president after a military coup in Portugal.
1926/--/-- 82 - Chiang Kai-shek organizes the Northern Expedition to unite China.
1926/--/-- 82 - Eamon De Valera organizes the Fianna Fail party in the Republic of Ireland.
1926/--/-- 82 - English author A.A. Milne writes the children's book Winnie-the-Pooh.
1926/--/-- 82 - French troops in Morocco subdue a tribal rebellion led by Abd el-Krim.
1926/--/-- 82 - Germany is admitted to the League of Nations.
1926/--/-- 82 - Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan.
1926/--/-- 82 - Nobile, Amundsen and Ellsworth pilot the airship Norge over the North Pole.
1926/--/-- 82 - Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett make the first airplane flight over the North Pole.
1926/--/-- 82 - Russian composer Dmitry Shostakovich premiers his First Symphony.
1926/--/-- 82 - The General Strike breaks out in Britain involving 3 million workers.
1926/--/-- 82 - The Harlem Globetrotters basketball team is organized in Chicago.
1926/--/-- 82 - U.S. Marines land in Nicaragua to suppress a revolution (they depart in 1933).
1926/10/-- 82 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL NEW YORK (3)
1927/--/-- 83 - American dancer Isadora Duncan is killed in a tragic car accident.
1927/--/-- 83 - American writer Thornton Wilder publishes The Bridge of San Luis Rey.
1927/--/-- 83 - Baseball player Babe Ruth scores a record 60 home runs for the New York Yankees.
1927/--/-- 83 - Blackface singer Al Jolson appears in the first sound motion picture The Jazz Singer.
1927/--/-- 83 - Charles Lindbergh flies solo nonstop from New York to Paris in 33.5 hours.
1927/--/-- 83 - Civil war in China
1927/--/-- 83 - Comedy team Laurel and Hardy appear in their first film Putting Pants on Philip.
1927/--/-- 83 - Dancer Martha Graham opens her first dance studio in New York City.
1927/--/-- 83 - Duke Ellington's jazz band stars at Harlem's Cotton Club in New York City.
1927/--/-- 83 - English novelist Virginia Woolf writes To The Lighthouse.
1927/--/-- 83 - Finnish architect Alvar Aalto designs the Turun Sanomat newspaper building.
1927/--/-- 83 - Georges Lemaitre proposes an expanding model for the creation of the universe.
1927/--/-- 83 - German filmmaker Fritz Lang directs the futuristic film Metropolis.
1927/--/-- 83 - German-Swiss author Hermann Hesse publishes Steppenwolf.
1927/--/-- 83 - Helen Newington Wills wins the Wimbledon tennis championship.
1927/--/-- 83 - Lindbergh crosses Atlantic non-stop
1927/--/-- 83 - The Iron Guard fascist organization is founded in Romania.
1927/10/-- 83 - World Series NL PITTSBURGH (0) AL NEW YORK (4)
1928/--/-- 84 - Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the Atlantic.
1928/--/-- 84 - American anthropologist Margaret Mead publishes Coming of Age in Samoa.
1928/--/-- 84 - American comedy team Amos 'n' Andy produce their first radio show.
1928/--/-- 84 - American composer Virgil Thomson writes the opera Four Saints in Three Acts.
1928/--/-- 84 - Arturo Toscanini is made conductor of the New York Philharmonic.
1928/--/-- 84 - Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur's play The Front Page is produced.
1928/--/-- 84 - Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill collaborate on the play The Threepenny Opera.
1928/--/-- 84 - British bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.
1928/--/-- 84 - Chiang Kai-shek captures Peking; the Kuomintang government is established.
1928/--/-- 84 - English novelist Evelyn Waugh publishes Decline and Fall.
1928/--/-- 84 - English physicist Paul Dirac formulates a mathematical description of elementary particles.
1928/--/-- 84 - French composer Maurice Ravel composes the ballet Bolero.
1928/--/-- 84 - Heisenberg's uncertainty principle
1928/--/-- 84 - Luis Bunuel and Salvador Dali collaborate on the surrealist film Un Chien andalou.
1928/--/-- 84 - Spanish poet Federico Garcia Lorca publishes Gypsy Ballads.
1928/--/-- 84 - The Chaco War breaks out between Bolivia and Paraguay over territorial disputes.
1928/--/-- 84 - The Kellog-Briand Pact outlawing war is signed by 15 nations.
1928/--/-- 84 - The first Five-Year Plan for economic reform begins in the Soviet Union.
1928/--/-- 84 - Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse appears in Steamboat Willie, the first sound cartoon.
1928/10/-- 84 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (0) AL NEW YORK (4)
1929/--/-- 85 - Alexander institutes absolute rule as king of Yugoslavia.
1929/--/-- 85 - American explorer Richard E. Byrd flies over the South Pole.
1929/--/-- 85 - American novelist William Faulkner publishes The Sound and the Fury.
1929/--/-- 85 - British poet Robert Graves publishes his war memoir Goodbye To All That.
1929/--/-- 85 - Erich Maria Remarque publishes his war novel All Quiet On the Western Front.
1929/--/-- 85 - Ernest Hemingway writes the war novel A Farewell To Arms.
1929/--/-- 85 - French artist and writer Jean Cocteau publishes Les Enfants Terribles.
1929/--/-- 85 - Heinrich Himmler is appointed head of the SS, Hitler's blackshirted elite guard.
1929/--/-- 85 - Herbert C. Hoover (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1929/--/-- 85 - Hoover is inaugurated as the 31st U.S. president; Curtis becomes vice-president.
1929/--/-- 85 - Jews and Arabs clash at the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem.
1929/--/-- 85 - Seven Chicago gangsters are machine-gunned in the St. Valentine's Day Massacre.
1929/--/-- 85 - Soviet leader Joseph Stalin exiles Leon Trotsky.
1929/--/-- 85 - Stock Market crashes
1929/--/-- 85 - The Lateran Treaty creates the independent state of the Vatican City.
1929/--/-- 85 - The Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) is founded in New York City.
1929/--/-- 85 - The Wall Street crash leads to a world-wide economic depression.
1929/--/-- 85 - The Workers Party of America is renamed the Communist Party of the United States.
1929/--/-- 85 - The first Academy Awards are presented; Wings wins best-picture prize.
1929/10/-- 85 - World Series NL CHICAGO (1) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1930/--/-- 86 - American artist Edward Hopper paints Early Sunday Morning.
1930/--/-- 86 - American astronomer Clyde W. Tombaugh discovers the planet Pluto.
1930/--/-- 86 - American poet Hart Crane publishes The Bridge.
1930/--/-- 86 - Artist Grant Wood paints American Gothic.
1930/--/-- 86 - British engineer Frank Whittle patents a gas turbine engine for jet aircraft.
1930/--/-- 86 - Carol II is proclaimed king of Romania.
1930/--/-- 86 - Dashiell Hammett publishes the detective novel The Maltese Falcon.
1930/--/-- 86 - English-born American writer W. H. Auden publishes his Poems.
1930/--/-- 86 - Getulio Vargas is appointed president of Brazil after a military coup.
1930/--/-- 86 - Haile Selassie is declared emperor of Ethiopia.
1930/--/-- 86 - Marlene Dietrich stars in Josef von Sternberg's film The Blue Angel.
1930/--/-- 86 - Noel Coward's play Private Lives is produced in London.
1930/--/-- 86 - The British airship R101 crashes in France.
1930/--/-- 86 - The city of Constantinople is re-named Istanbul.
1930/--/-- 86 - Vannevar Bush develops a differential analyzer, an early type of analog computer.
1930/--/-- 86 - Worldwide depression begins
1930/10/-- 86 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (2) AL PHILADELPHIA (4)
1931/--/-- 87 - American cartoonist Chester Gould creates the adventure comic strip Dick Tracy.
1931/--/-- 87 - American journalist and writer Damon Runyon publishes Guys and Dolls.
1931/--/-- 87 - American writer Pearl Buck publishes The Good Earth.
1931/--/-- 87 - Auguste Piccard makes the first manned balloon flight into the stratosphere.
1931/--/-- 87 - Ben Shahn begins a series of paintings inspired by the Sacco-Vanzetti case.
1931/--/-- 87 - Chicago gangster Al Capone is jailed for income tax evasion.
1931/--/-- 87 - Explorer George Hubert Wilkins makes a submarine voyage under the Arctic ice.
1931/--/-- 87 - Japanese forces occupy Manchuria.
1931/--/-- 87 - Lawrence invents cyclotron
1931/--/-- 87 - Organic chemist W. H. Carothers invents nylon, the first successful synthetic fiber.
1931/--/-- 87 - Radio astronomy begins when Karl Jansky detects radio waves from space.
1931/--/-- 87 - Spain is declared a republic; King Alfonso XIII abdicates.
1931/--/-- 87 - The Empire State Building becomes the tallest building in the world.
1931/--/-- 87 - The Star-Spangled Banner becomes the U.S. national anthem.
1931/09/16 87 *** Cowan, William Campbell [Brother] - Died
1931/10/-- 87 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL PHILADELPHIA (3)
1932/--/-- 88 - American physicist Carl D. Anderson discovers the positron.
1932/--/-- 88 - American sculptor Alexander Calder creates his first mobile.
1932/--/-- 88 - American southern author Erskine Caldwell publishes Tobacco Road.
1932/--/-- 88 - Antonio de Oliveira Salazar assumes dictatorial powers as premier of Portugal.
1932/--/-- 88 - Arab leader Ibn Saud founds the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
1932/--/-- 88 - British author Aldous Huxley publishes Brave New World.
1932/--/-- 88 - Charles Lindbergh's infant son is kidnapped.
1932/--/-- 88 - Eamon de Valera is elected president of the Republic of Ireland.
1932/--/-- 88 - Engelbert Dollfuss is elected chancellor of Austria.
1932/--/-- 88 - English physicist James Chadwick discovers the neutron.
1932/--/-- 88 - Presidential nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt pledges a New Deal.
1932/--/-- 88 - Radio City Music Hall opens in New York City's Rockefeller Center.
1932/--/-- 88 - Revolution in Siam (Thailand) replaces the monarchy with a constitutional government.
1932/--/-- 88 - Sir Oswald Mosley founds the British Union of Fascists.
1932/--/-- 88 - The Bonus Army of war veterans is dispersed by troops in Washington, D.C.
1932/--/-- 88 - The Royal Shakespeare Theater opens at Stratford-on-Avon, England.
1932/--/-- 88 - The first particle accelerator is built at the Cavendish Laboratory in England.
1932/10/-- 88 - World Series NL CHICAGO (0) AL NEW YORK (4)
1933/--/-- 89 - A fossilized skull of the prehistoric Steinheim man is found in Germany.
1933/--/-- 89 - Actor Charles Laughton stars in the film The Private Life of Henry VIII.
1933/--/-- 89 - Busby Berkeley choreographs the dances for the film Gold Diggers of 1933.
1933/--/-- 89 - Dancers Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers star in the film Flying Down to Rio.
1933/--/-- 89 - Edwin Armstrong invents frequency modulation (FM) to eliminate radio static.
1933/--/-- 89 - Fiorello La Guardia is elected mayor of New York City for the first time.
1933/--/-- 89 - Frances Perkins becomes the first woman cabinet member in U.S. history.
1933/--/-- 89 - Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1933/--/-- 89 - French novelist and political activist Andre Malraux publishes Man's Fate.
1933/--/-- 89 - Fulgencio Batista leads a military coup against Gerardo Machado y Morales in Cuba.
1933/--/-- 89 - Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey found their first swing band.
1933/--/-- 89 - Joseph Goebbels is appointed as minister of propaganda for the Nazi party.
1933/--/-- 89 - Mae West stars in the films She Done Him Wrong and I'm No Angel.
1933/--/-- 89 - Norwegian fascist Vidkun Quisling founds the National Unity party.
1933/--/-- 89 - President Paul von Hindenburg names Adolf Hitler as chancellor of Germany.
1933/--/-- 89 - Roosevelt begins "New Deal"
1933/--/-- 89 - Roosevelt is inaugurated as the 32nd U.S. president; Garner becomes vice-president.
1933/--/-- 89 - The 21st Amendment ends the prohibition era in the U.S.
1933/--/-- 89 - The Marx Brothers star in the classic comedy film Duck Soup.
1933/--/-- 89 - The National Recovery Administration (NRA) is launched by President Roosevelt.
1933/--/-- 89 - The Nazis erect the first concentration camps in Germany.
1933/--/-- 89 - The Public Works Administration (PWA) is formed to fund public construction projects.
1933/--/-- 89 - The Reichstag fire gives the Nazis a pretext for outlawing the German Communist party.
1933/--/-- 89 - The Stavisky affair causes a financial scandal in France.
1933/10/-- 89 - World Series NL NEW YORK (4) AL WASHINGTON (1)
1934/--/-- 90 - Adolf Hitler becomes "Fueher" of Germany
1934/--/-- 90 - Alexander, king of Yugoslavia, is assassinated; his son Peter II succeeds him.
1934/--/-- 90 - American cartoonist Al Capp begins the comic strip Li'l Abner.
1934/--/-- 90 - Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss is murdered by Austrian Nazis.
1934/--/-- 90 - Cole Porter writes the score for the Broadway musical Anything Goes.
1934/--/-- 90 - Drought leads to severe dust storms in the Dust Bowl region of the Great Plains.
1934/--/-- 90 - Elijah Muhammad becomes leader of the Nation of Islam (the Black Muslims).
1934/--/-- 90 - Fermi creates plutonium
1934/--/-- 90 - George Balanchine and Lincoln Kirstein found The School of American Ballet.
1934/--/-- 90 - Henry Miller publishes the Tropic of Cancer. (It is banned in the U.S. until 1961.)
1934/--/-- 90 - Hitler becomes Fuhrer (leader) of Germany after Hindenburg's death.
1934/--/-- 90 - John Dillinger, public enemy number one, is killed by the FBI.
1934/--/-- 90 - Lazaro Cardenas is chosen by Plutarco Calles as president of Mexico.
1934/--/-- 90 - Lillian Hellman's play The Children's Hour is produced.
1934/--/-- 90 - Mao Tse-tung leads the Chinese Communists on the Long March.
1934/--/-- 90 - Naturalist Charles W. Beebe makes a record dive of 3,028 ft in a bathyscaphe.
1934/--/-- 90 - SA leader Ernst Roehm is assassinated on the orders of Hitler.
1934/--/-- 90 - Surrealist artist Rene Magritte paints The Human Condition.
1934/--/-- 90 - The British ocean liner Queen Mary is launched.
1934/--/-- 90 - The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is formed to regulate broadcasting.
1934/--/-- 90 - The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is formed to protect U.S. investors.
1934/10/-- 90 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL DETROIT (3)
1935/--/-- 91 - American writer Thomas Wolfe publishes Of Time and the River.
1935/--/-- 91 - Arthur Dempster discovers U-235, the isotope of uranium used in atomic bombs.
1935/--/-- 91 - Child film actress Shirley Temple stars in The Little Colonel.
1935/--/-- 91 - Controversial Louisiana senator Huey P. Long is assassinated.
1935/--/-- 91 - Eduard Benes succeeds Tomas Masaryk as president of Czechoslovakia.
1935/--/-- 91 - Errol Flynn stars in the swashbuckling adventure film Captain Blood.
1935/--/-- 91 - Filmmaker Alfred Hitchcock directs The 39 Steps.
1935/--/-- 91 - George Gershwin composes the modern American opera Porgy and Bess.
1935/--/-- 91 - Hitler announces German rearmament in violation of the Treaty of Versailles.
1935/--/-- 91 - Italy invades Abyssinia (now Ethiopia).
1935/--/-- 91 - King of Swing Benny Goodman forms the Benny Goodman Trio.
1935/--/-- 91 - Leni Riefenstahl directs the Nazi propaganda film Triumph of the Will.
1935/--/-- 91 - Physicist Hideki Yukawa predicts the existence of the meson subatomic particle.
1935/--/-- 91 - Robert Sherwood's play The Petrified Forest is produced.
1935/--/-- 91 - Scottish physicist Robert Watson-Watt patents the first practical radar system.
1935/--/-- 91 - Social Security Act provides retirement insurance
1935/--/-- 91 - Swedish film actress Greta Garbo stars in Anna Karenina.
1935/--/-- 91 - The Monopoly board game is patented in the U.S.
1935/--/-- 91 - The Moscow subway is opened.
1935/--/-- 91 - The Nuremberg Racial Laws deprive German Jews of their citizenship.
1935/--/-- 91 - The monarchy is restored in Greece under George II.
1935/10/-- 91 - World Series NL CHICAGO (2) AL DETROIT (4)
1936/--/-- 92 - Black athlete Jesse Owens wins 4 gold medals at the Berlin Olympic Games.
1936/--/-- 92 - Boulder Dam is completed in Arizona (it is renamed Hoover Dam in 1947).
1936/--/-- 92 - Edward VIII abdicates as king of Great Britain; he is succeeded by George VI.
1936/--/-- 92 - HItler and Mussolini announce the Rome-Berlin Axis (alliance).
1936/--/-- 92 - Henry R. Luce begins publishing Life magazine.
1936/--/-- 92 - Ioannis Metaxas establishes a dictatorship in Greece.
1936/--/-- 92 - Italy and Germany send military forces and aid to support Franco in Spain.
1936/--/-- 92 - Italy annexes Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Emperor Haile Selassie is exiled.
1936/--/-- 92 - Japan concludes the Anti-Comintern Pact with Germany.
1936/--/-- 92 - John Maynard Keynes writes The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money.
1936/--/-- 92 - Margaret Mitchell publishes her only novel Gone With the Wind.
1936/--/-- 92 - Olympic ice skater Sonja Henie turns professional.
1936/--/-- 92 - Spanish Civil War
1936/--/-- 92 - Stalin begins the Great Purge of Soviet Russia's political and military leadership.
1936/--/-- 92 - The British Broadcasting Service (BBC) begins the first public television service.
1936/--/-- 92 - The Soviet Union and the International Brigades support the Nationalists in Spain.
1936/--/-- 92 - The Spanish Civil War begins when General Franco leads a military revolt.
1936/--/-- 92 - The works of the composer Dmitry Shostakovich are denounced in Russia.
1936/01/-- 92 - Edward VIII succeeds as King of Great Britain and Ireland.
1936/10/-- 92 - World Series NL NEW YORK (2) AL NEW YORK (4)
1936/12/10 92 - George VI succeeds as King of Great Britain and Ireland upon the abdication of E
1937/--/-- 93 - American author John Steinbeck publishes Of Mice and Men.
1937/--/-- 93 - Anastasio Somoza Garcia becomes president of Nicaragua.
1937/--/-- 93 - Aviatrix Amelia Earhart is lost during a flight across the Pacific.
1937/--/-- 93 - Ballet dancer Margot Fonteyn debuts in Giselle at Sadler's Wells, London.
1937/--/-- 93 - Danish author Isak Dinesen publishes her autobiography Out of Africa.
1937/--/-- 93 - Dow Chemical develops plastics
1937/--/-- 93 - English writer and scholar J.R.R. Tolkien publishes the fantasy novel The Hobbit.
1937/--/-- 93 - Farouk succeeds Fuad I as king of Egypt.
1937/--/-- 93 - Frank Lloyd Wright begins building the Taliesin West complex in Arizona.
1937/--/-- 93 - French filmmaker Jean Renoir directs Grand Illusion.
1937/--/-- 93 - German aircraft supporting Franco's forces destroy the town of Guernica in Spain.
1937/--/-- 93 - Joe Louis the Brown Bomber wins the heavyweight boxing championship.
1937/--/-- 93 - Nationalist and Communist forces unite to combat the Japanese in China.
1937/--/-- 93 - Neville Chamberlain succeeds Stanley Baldwin as prime minister of Britain.
1937/--/-- 93 - Swing bandleader Artie Shaw records Begin the Beguine.
1937/--/-- 93 - The Duke of Windsor (former King Edward VIII) marries the divorcee Mrs. Simpson.
1937/--/-- 93 - The German airship Hindenburg is destroyed by fire at Lakehurst, N.J.
1937/--/-- 93 - The Golden Gate Bridge is opened in San Francisco.
1937/--/-- 93 - The Japanese invasion of China begins the Second Sino-Japanese War.
1937/05/02 93 - George VI crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Cosm
1937/10/-- 93 - World Series NL NEW YORK (1) AL NEW YORK (4)
1938/--/-- 94 - A coelacanth, a fish thought extinct for 65 million years, is caught off the cost of Africa.
1938/--/-- 94 - American composer Aaron Copland writes the ballet score for Billy the Kid.
1938/--/-- 94 - American singer Ella Fitzgerald records A-tisket, A-tasket.
1938/--/-- 94 - British prime minister Neville Chamberlain declares "peace for our time."
1938/--/-- 94 - Chamberlain and Daladier appease Hitler at the Munich Conference.
1938/--/-- 94 - Chester Carlson invents xerography, the first electrostatic dry-copying process.
1938/--/-- 94 - Don Budge becomes the first player to win the Grand Slam (4 tennis championships).
1938/--/-- 94 - General Franco isolates the Republican forces in Spain and attacks Catalonia.
1938/--/-- 94 - German chemist Otto Hahn discovers the principles of nuclear fission.
1938/--/-- 94 - Germany occupies the Sudetenland in western Czechoslovakia.
1938/--/-- 94 - Hitler invades Austria; a union (Anschluss) of Austria and Germany is proclaimed.
1938/--/-- 94 - Hungarian Lajos Biro invents the first practical ball-point pen.
1938/--/-- 94 - Ismet Inonu succeeds Kemal Atuturk as president of Turkey.
1938/--/-- 94 - Jewish property is attacked in Germany in the Kristallnacht (night of broken glass).
1938/--/-- 94 - Jewish psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud flees to England to escape Nazi persecution.
1938/--/-- 94 - Orson Welles' radio broadcast of War of the Worlds causes panic in the U.S.
1938/--/-- 94 - Swing musician Glenn Miller organizes his band.
1938/--/-- 94 - The House Committee on Un-American Activities investigates U.S. subversives.
1938/--/-- 94 - The U.S. and Britain send aid to the Chinese in their war against Japan.
1938/--/-- 94 - Thornton Wilder wins the Pulitzer Prize for his play Our Town.
1938/--/-- 94 - Walt Disney's feature-length cartoon Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is shown.
1938/10/-- 94 - World Series NL CHICAGO (0) AL NEW YORK (4)
1938/11/29 94 *** Cowan, Champ Thomas [Brother] - Died Peolia cem. Clinton County KY
1939/--/-- 95 - American author Nathanael West publishes The Day of the Locust.
1939/--/-- 95 - American novelist John Steinbeck publishes The Grapes of Wrath.
1939/--/-- 95 - An Anglo-Saxon burial ship is excavated at Sutton Hoo in England.
1939/--/-- 95 - Britain and France declare war on Germany but are unable to aid Poland.
1939/--/-- 95 - Child film actress Judy Garland stars in the musical The Wizard of Oz.
1939/--/-- 95 - Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh star in the film Gone With the Wind.
1939/--/-- 95 - English author Christopher Isherwood publishes Goodbye to Berlin.
1939/--/-- 95 - Foreign ministers Ribbentrop and Molotov sign the Nazi-Soviet Pact of nonaggression.
1939/--/-- 95 - General Franco's forces capture Madrid, ending the Spanish Civil War.
1939/--/-- 95 - Germany and Italy form the Pact of Steel military alliance.
1939/--/-- 95 - Germany invades Poland, beginning World War II.
1939/--/-- 95 - Igor Sikorsky develops America's first successful helicopter.
1939/--/-- 95 - Italian forces occupy Albania; King Zog is forced into exile.
1939/--/-- 95 - Physical chemist Linus Pauling publishes The Nature of the Chemical Bond.
1939/--/-- 95 - President Roosevelt (prompted by Einstein) orders a U.S. effort to build an atomic bomb.
1939/--/-- 95 - President Roosevelt declares U.S. neutrality in World War II.
1939/--/-- 95 - Robert Gordon Menzies succeeds Joseph Lyons as prime minister of Australia.
1939/--/-- 95 - Soviet troops invade Poland; Germany and the USSR partition the country.
1939/--/-- 95 - Swiss chemist Paul Muller discovers the chemical insecticide DDT.
1939/--/-- 95 - The He 176, the first jet airplane, takes to the air in Germany.
1939/--/-- 95 - The Russo-Finnish War begins with the Soviet invasion of Finland.
1939/--/-- 95 - The first nylon stockings are marketed.
1939/--/-- 95 - World War II begins
1939/10/-- 95 - World Series NL CINCINNATI (0) AL NEW YORK (4)
1940/--/-- 96 - American novelist Carson McCullers publishes The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.
1940/--/-- 96 - Bing Crosby, Bob Hope and Dorothy Lamour star in the film Road to Singapore.
1940/--/-- 96 - British air victory in the Battle of Britain prevents the German invasion of England.
1940/--/-- 96 - Cary Grant and Katharine Hepburn star in the film The Philadelphia Story.
1940/--/-- 96 - Ernest Hemingway publishes For Whom the Bell Tolls.
1940/--/-- 96 - Exiled revolutionary Leon Trotsky is assassinated in Mexico on Stalin's orders.
1940/--/-- 96 - General Charles de Gaulle rallies Free French resistance in London.
1940/--/-- 96 - German forces reach Paris; Vichy France under Marshal Petain signs an armistice.
1940/--/-- 96 - Germany invades Denmark and Norway; Allied forces aid Norway but are defeated.
1940/--/-- 96 - Italian forces invade Egypt but are repulsed; the British invade Libya.
1940/--/-- 96 - Italy declares war on the Allies and invades southern France.
1940/--/-- 96 - Japan joins the Axis alliance and occupies northern French Indochina (Vietnam).
1940/--/-- 96 - King Carol II of Romania abdicates; Romania and Hungary join the Axis forces.
1940/--/-- 96 - Prehistoric cave paintings are discovered at Lascaux in France.
1940/--/-- 96 - Radar wins Battle of Britian
1940/--/-- 96 - Raymond Chandler publishes the detective novel Farewell, My Lovely.
1940/--/-- 96 - The British expeditionary force is evacuated from Dunkerque in France.
1940/--/-- 96 - The German army begins a blitzkrieg attack on Holland, Belgium, and France.
1940/--/-- 96 - The Soviet Union annexes the Baltic States of Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia.
1940/--/-- 96 - The Tacoma Narrows bridge collapses because of oscillations caused by the wind.
1940/--/-- 96 - Winston Churchill becomes British prime minister after Chamberlain resigns.
1940/10/-- 96 - World Series NL CINCINNATI (4) AL DETROIT (3)
1940/10/19 96 *** Cowan, James B. [Brother] - Died
1941/--/-- 97 - A British task force sinks the German pocket battleship Bismarck.
1941/--/-- 97 - Baseball player Joe DiMaggio sets a new record for hitting in 56 consecutive games.
1941/--/-- 97 - Benchley Park computers sabotage German Enigma
1941/--/-- 97 - Churchill and Roosevelt's Atlantic Charter meeting establishes war and peace aims.
1941/--/-- 97 - German U-boats inflict heavy losses on British shipping in the Battle of the Atlantic.
1941/--/-- 97 - German paratroopers land on Crete and capture the island from the British.
1941/--/-- 97 - German playwright Bertholt Brecht writes Mother Courage and Her Children.
1941/--/-- 97 - Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece; British forces are evacuated to Crete.
1941/--/-- 97 - Germany invades the Soviet Union.
1941/--/-- 97 - Gutzon Borglum completes the sculptured heads of four presidents at Mount Rushmore.
1941/--/-- 97 - Ho Chi Minh organizes the Viet Minh to combat the Japanese in Indochina.
1941/--/-- 97 - Japanese forces capture Hong Kong and invade Malaya and the Philippines.
1941/--/-- 97 - Karsh's photographic portrait of Churchill becomes a symbol of British resistance.
1941/--/-- 97 - Nazi leader Rudolf Hess flies to England on a quixotic peace mission.
1941/--/-- 97 - Orson Welles directs the film Citizen Kane.
1941/--/-- 97 - President Roosevelt talks of Four Freedoms in his State of the Union speech.
1941/--/-- 97 - Swedish film actress Greta Garbo retires.
1941/--/-- 97 - The German Africa Corps under Erwin Rommel begins an offensive in North Africa.
1941/--/-- 97 - The German Blitz, the nighttime bombing of London, is at its height.
1941/--/-- 97 - The German advance on Moscow is halted by the winter weather.
1941/--/-- 97 - The Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor; America enters World War II.
1941/--/-- 97 - The Japanese occupy Indochina and move into Cambodia (Kampuchea) and Thailand.
1941/--/-- 97 - The Lend-Lease Act allows the transfer of U.S. war materials to Britain and China.
1941/--/-- 97 - The U.S. freezes Japanese assets in retaliation for Japan's territorial aggression.
1941/--/-- 97 - U.S. troops occupy Iceland to forestall its occupation by Germany.
1941/10/-- 97 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (1) AL NEW YORK (4)
1942/--/-- 98 - A Russian counterattack isolates the Sixth Army at Stalingrad; Hitler orders no retreat.
1942/--/-- 98 - A U.S. fleet defeats the Japanese at the Battle of Midway.
1942/--/-- 98 - Actor James Cagney wins an Academy Award for the film Yankee Doodle Dandie.
1942/--/-- 98 - American B-25 bombers make the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo.
1942/--/-- 98 - American and Filipino forces retreat to the Bataan Peninsula in the Philippines.
1942/--/-- 98 - American crooner Bing Crosby records the hit song White Christmas.
1942/--/-- 98 - American forces in the Philippines surrender; the Bataan death march begins.
1942/--/-- 98 - American humorist James Thurber publishes The Secret Life of Walter Mitty.
1942/--/-- 98 - French writer Albert Camus publishes The Stranger.
1942/--/-- 98 - Gandhi is arrested after the Quit India movement demands a British withdrawal.
1942/--/-- 98 - General MacArthur is ordered to the leave the Philippines; he vows I shall return.
1942/--/-- 98 - German forces occupy Vichy France; the French fleet is scuttled in Toulon harbor.
1942/--/-- 98 - Hitler proposes the Final Solution of the Jewish Question; the Holocaust begins.
1942/--/-- 98 - Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman star in the classic film Casablanca.
1942/--/-- 98 - Italian filmmaker Luchino Visconti directs his first film Ossessione.
1942/--/-- 98 - Manhattan Project scientists under Fermi produce the first controlled chain reaction.
1942/--/-- 98 - Rommel's Africa Corps capture Tobruk and drive the British back to Egypt.
1942/--/-- 98 - The British Eighth Army under Montgomery begins a new drive into Libya.
1942/--/-- 98 - The German advance in the Caucasus is halted at Stalingrad (now Volgograd).
1942/--/-- 98 - The German advance on Egypt is halted at the Battle of El-Alamein.
1942/--/-- 98 - The Japanese conquer Malaya, Singapore, Indonesia and Burma.
1942/--/-- 98 - The RAF makes the first 1,000 bomber raid on the German city of Cologne.
1942/--/-- 98 - The Soviet southern offensive is halted; the Germans advance on the Caucasus.
1942/--/-- 98 - The U.S. government transfers 110,000 Japanese Americans to internment camps.
1942/--/-- 98 - U.S. Marines invade Guadalcanal, beginning the campaign of re-conquest.
1942/--/-- 98 - U.S. forces under General Eisenhower invade Morocco and Algeria.
1942/--/-- 98 - V-2 (Vengeance Weapon 2) rockets are tested at Peenemunde in Germany.
1942/10/-- 98 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL NEW YORK (1)
1943/--/-- 99 - American aircraft join the RAF in round the clock bombing of Germany.
1943/--/-- 99 - American author Carson McCullers publishes The Ballad of the Sad Cafe.
1943/--/-- 99 - American writer Ayn Rand publishes The Fountainhead.
1943/--/-- 99 - Churchill and Roosevelt meet at Casablanca to plan their war strategy.
1943/--/-- 99 - Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin meet at the Tehran Conference.
1943/--/-- 99 - French existentialist writer Jean Paul Sartre publishes Being and Nothingness.
1943/--/-- 99 - French writer and feminist Simone de Beauvoir publishes She Came to Stay.
1943/--/-- 99 - German paratroopers rescue Mussolini.
1943/--/-- 99 - Marine explorer Jacques-Yves Cousteau invents the Aqualung (scuba).
1943/--/-- 99 - Marshal Badoglio signs an armistice with the Allies; Italy declares war on Germany.
1943/--/-- 99 - Mussolini is deposed; Marshal Badoglio assumes power in Italy.
1943/--/-- 99 - Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein's musical Oklahoma! is produced.
1943/--/-- 99 - Robert Oppenheimer establishes the Los Alamos laboratory to build the atomic bomb.
1943/--/-- 99 - Singer Paul Robeson stars in the title role of the Broadway production of Othello.
1943/--/-- 99 - The Allied armies invade Sicily.
1943/--/-- 99 - The Allies invade the southern tip of Italy.
1943/--/-- 99 - The British and American armies link up in Africa; 250,000 Axis prisoners are taken.
1943/--/-- 99 - The German Sixth Army surrenders at Stalingrad; 100,000 are taken prisoner.
1943/--/-- 99 - The Germans suppress a revolt by Polish Jews; the Warsaw ghetto is destroyed.
1943/--/-- 99 - The Russian offensive reaches the Dnepr River; Kiev and Smolensk are recaptured.
1943/--/-- 99 - The Russians defeat the Germans at Kursk in the largest tank battle in history.
1943/10/-- 99 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (1) AL NEW YORK (4)
1944/--/-- 100 - A British airborne landing at Arnhem in the Netherlands is repulsed by the Germans.
1944/--/-- 100 - Aaron Copland composes the ballet Appalachian Spring.
1944/--/-- 100 - Allied D-Day invasion forces land at Normandy in northern France.
1944/--/-- 100 - Allied forces break out from the Normandy enclave and liberate Paris.
1944/--/-- 100 - Allied forces in Italy land behind the German Gustav Line at Anzio.
1944/--/-- 100 - American aircraft from the Marianas begin the strategic bombing of Japan.
1944/--/-- 100 - American forces under General Mark Clark occupy Rome.
1944/--/-- 100 - An Allied invasion force lands in southern France.
1944/--/-- 100 - British forces begin the reconquest of Burma from the Japanese.
1944/--/-- 100 - British forces occupy Athens and intervene in a communist inspired civil war.
1944/--/-- 100 - Child film actors Mickey Rooney and Elizabeth Taylor star in National Velvet.
1944/--/-- 100 - Communist resistance fighters under Josip Broz-Tito liberate Yugoslavia.
1944/--/-- 100 - English writer Somerset Maugham publishes The Razor's Edge.
1944/--/-- 100 - Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson dies from an accidental drug overdose.
1944/--/-- 100 - French novelist Colette writes Gigi.
1944/--/-- 100 - German officers attempt to assassinate Hitler.
1944/--/-- 100 - Normandy landings
1944/--/-- 100 - Oswald Avery determines that DNA is the hereditary material of the cell.
1944/--/-- 100 - Polish resistance fighters are defeated by the Germans in the Warsaw Uprising.
1944/--/-- 100 - Romania and Bulgaria sign an armistice with the Allies and declare war on Germany.
1944/--/-- 100 - Roosevelt is reelected for an unprecedented fourth term; Truman becomes vice-president.
1944/--/-- 100 - Soviet forces cross the Romanian border and reconquer the Crimea.
1944/--/-- 100 - Soviet forces reach the suburbs of Warsaw in Poland.
1944/--/-- 100 - Tennessee Williams' play The Glass Menagerie is produced.
1944/--/-- 100 - The G.I. Bill of Rights is established to provide assistance to war veterans.
1944/--/-- 100 - The German army launches the Battle of the Bulge, its last counteroffensive.
1944/--/-- 100 - The Soviet's relieve the city of Leningrad after a German siege lasting 890 days.
1944/--/-- 100 - The U.S. First Army occupies Aachen -- the first German city to fall to the Allies.
1944/--/-- 100 - The World Bank is established to assist European postwar recovery.
1944/--/-- 100 - U.S. Marines invade Guam and Saipan in the Marianas.
1944/--/-- 100 - U.S. forces under Admiral Nimitz defeat a Japanese fleet in the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
1944/--/-- 100 - V-1 (and later the V-2) weapons of vengeance are launched against London.
1944/10/-- 100 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL ST. LOUIS (2)
1945/--/-- 101 - Advancing Allied armies discover Nazi extermination camps.
1945/--/-- 101 - Allied forces cross the Rhine and begin the final assault on Germany.
1945/--/-- 101 - British actor Laurence Olivier wins critical acclaim for his portrayal of Richard III.
1945/--/-- 101 - British author George Orwell publishes the satirical fable Animal Farm.
1945/--/-- 101 - Charlie "Bird" Parker and Dizzy Gillespie make the first bebop recordings.
1945/--/-- 101 - Churchill is defeated in the British elections by Labour leader Clement Attlee.
1945/--/-- 101 - Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin meet at the Yalta Conference.
1945/--/-- 101 - Churchill, Truman and Stalin hold the last wartime conference at Potsdam.
1945/--/-- 101 - Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan and Yemen form the Arab League.
1945/--/-- 101 - French dramatist Jean Giraudoux writes the play The Madwoman of Chaillot.
1945/--/-- 101 - General MacArthur heads the U.S. occupation forces in Japan.
1945/--/-- 101 - German jet aircraft are unable to prevent mass Allied air attacks.
1945/--/-- 101 - German playwright Bertholt Brecht writes The Caucasian Chalk Circle.
1945/--/-- 101 - German rocket engineer Wernher Von Braun continues his research in the U.S.
1945/--/-- 101 - Germany and Austria are divided between the Allies into 4 zones of occupation.
1945/--/-- 101 - Harry S. Truman (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1945/--/-- 101 - Hitler commits suicide in his Berlin bunker; Germany surrenders to the Allies.
1945/--/-- 101 - Ho Chi Minh proclaims the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
1945/--/-- 101 - Indonesian nationalists led by Sukarno proclaim the nation independent.
1945/--/-- 101 - Japan signs an armistice with the Allies, ending World War II.
1945/--/-- 101 - Korea is divided between U.S. and Soviet occupation forces along the 38th parallel.
1945/--/-- 101 - Marshal Zhukov's Soviet troops launch the final attack on Berlin.
1945/--/-- 101 - Mussolini is killed by Italian partisans.
1945/--/-- 101 - Nationalists and Communist forces resume their civil war in China.
1945/--/-- 101 - Roberto Rosselini's neorealist "Open City"
1945/--/-- 101 - Romulo Betancourt becomes president of Venezuela for the first time.
1945/--/-- 101 - Roosevelt dies; Harry S. Truman is inaugurated as the 33rd U.S. president.
1945/--/-- 101 - Singer Frank Sinatra stars in the film musical Anchors Aweigh.
1945/--/-- 101 - Suicide attacks by Japanese kamikaze pilots are unable to stem the U.S. advances.
1945/--/-- 101 - The Soviet Union declares war on Japan.
1945/--/-- 101 - The U.S. drops atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
1945/--/-- 101 - The United Nations is formed; Trygve Halvdan Lie becomes secretary-general (1946).
1945/--/-- 101 - The trial of Nazi war criminals begins at Nuremberg in Germany.
1945/--/-- 101 - Tito becomes head of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
1945/--/-- 101 - U.S. A-bombs Japan
1945/--/-- 101 - U.S. Marines invade the Japanese islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa.
1945/--/-- 101 - U.S. forces under MacArthur liberate the Philippines.
1945/--/-- 101 - United Nations formed
1945/--/-- 101 - World War II ends
1945/10/-- 101 - World Series NL CHICAGO (3) AL DETROIT (4)
1946/--/-- 102 - American author Robert Penn Warren publishes All the King's Men.
1946/--/-- 102 - Communists abolish the monarchy in Bulgaria; Georgi Dimitrov becomes premier.
1946/--/-- 102 - Dr. Spock publishes The Commonsense Book of Baby and Child Care.
1946/--/-- 102 - ELAS communist forces begin a civil war in Greece.
1946/--/-- 102 - ENIAC, the first successful electronic digital computer, becomes operational.
1946/--/-- 102 - Elections in Italy abolish the monarchy in favor of a republic.
1946/--/-- 102 - General De Gaulle resigns as president of France; the Fourth Republic is formed.
1946/--/-- 102 - Greek author Nikos Kazantzakis publishes Zorba the Greek.
1946/--/-- 102 - Juan Peron is elected president of Argentina.
1946/--/-- 102 - MacArthur promotes Japanese democracy with the emperor as constitutional monarch.
1946/--/-- 102 - Saint Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first U.S. citizen to be canonized.
1946/--/-- 102 - Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier designs Unite d'Habitation in Marseilles.
1946/--/-- 102 - Terence Rattigan's play The Winslow Boy is produced.
1946/--/-- 102 - The Philippines are granted independence with Manuel Roxas y Acuna as president.
1946/--/-- 102 - The Viet Minh begin a guerrilla war against the French in Indochina (Vietnam).
1946/--/-- 102 - Winston Churchill describes the Iron Curtain created in Europe by the Soviets.
1946/10/-- 102 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL BOSTON (3)
1947/--/-- 103 - American pilot Kenneth Arnold makes the first alleged sighting of flying saucers.
1947/--/-- 103 - Artist Jackson Pollock produces Full Fathom Five using drip paint techniques.
1947/--/-- 103 - Artist Mark Rothko begins experimenting with Color-field painting.
1947/--/-- 103 - Baseball player Jackie Robinson becomes the first black to play in the major leagues.
1947/--/-- 103 - British & French Empires fracture into new 3rd world nations
1947/--/-- 103 - British India becomes Pakistan & India
1947/--/-- 103 - British atomic bomb scientist Klaus Fuchs is arrested for giving information to the USSR.
1947/--/-- 103 - Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier for the first time in an X-1 rocket plane.
1947/--/-- 103 - Conductor Sir Thomas Beecham forms the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in London.
1947/--/-- 103 - Dennis Gabor invents holography, a means of producing a three-dimensional image.
1947/--/-- 103 - Edwin Land demonstrates the single-step Polaroid Land Camera.
1947/--/-- 103 - English composer Benjamin Britten writes the opera Peter Grimes.
1947/--/-- 103 - French fashion designer Christian Dior opens his own couture house.
1947/--/-- 103 - French literary figure Andre Gide wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
1947/--/-- 103 - Gheorghiu-Dej heads the Romanian Communist party; King Michael abdicates.
1947/--/-- 103 - India becomes independent and is divided into the nations of India and Pakistan.
1947/--/-- 103 - Jawaharlal Nehru becomes the first prime minister of India.
1947/--/-- 103 - Marshall Plan
1947/--/-- 103 - Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl sails on the balsa raft Kon Tiki from Peru to Polynesia.
1947/--/-- 103 - Tennessee Williams' play A Streetcar Named Desire is produced.
1947/--/-- 103 - The Dead Sea Scrolls, a collection of ancient Hebrew documents, are discovered.
1947/--/-- 103 - The U.S. Marshall Plan for economic recovery in Europe is established.
1947/--/-- 103 - The United Nations elect to partition Palestine into Arab and Jewish states.
1947/--/-- 103 - The first India-Pakistan War begins when Pakistani tribesmen invade Kashmir.
1947/--/-- 103 - The story of a Jewish victim of the Nazis, The Diary of Anne Frank, is published.
1947/--/-- 103 - Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, captured from Japan, administered by U.S.
1947/--/-- 103 - U.S. contains spread of communism
1947/10/-- 103 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (3) AL NEW YORK (4)
1948/--/-- 104 - Alec Guinness stars as Fagin in the film of Dicken's Oliver Twist.
1948/--/-- 104 - Alfred Kinsey publishes his report on Sexual Behavior in the Human Male.
1948/--/-- 104 - American opera singer Beverly Sills debuts in Bizet's Carmen.
1948/--/-- 104 - American writer Norman Mailer publishes the war novel The Naked and the Dead.
1948/--/-- 104 - Arab armies invade Israel in the first Arab-Israeli War.
1948/--/-- 104 - Bell Labs invent transistor
1948/--/-- 104 - Britain grants independence to Burma.
1948/--/-- 104 - Communism quashed in US
1948/--/-- 104 - Communist leader Kim Il Sung establishes the People's Republic of Korea (N. Korea).
1948/--/-- 104 - Dutch track star Fanny Blankers-Koen wins four gold medals in the Olympic Games.
1948/--/-- 104 - George Balanchine's Ballet Society is renamed the New York City Ballet.
1948/--/-- 104 - Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by a Hindu fanatic.
1948/--/-- 104 - Israel created
1948/--/-- 104 - Italian filmmaker Vittorio De Sica directs The Bicycle Thieves.
1948/--/-- 104 - NATO formed; Cold War begins
1948/--/-- 104 - Palestinian Jews proclaim the independent state of Israel.
1948/--/-- 104 - Stalin expels Yugoslavia from the Communist bloc.
1948/--/-- 104 - The Communist party assumes power in Hungary under Matyas Rakosi.
1948/--/-- 104 - The Malayan Communist party begins an insurrection against British rule.
1948/--/-- 104 - The Republic of Korea (S. Korea) is inaugurated, Syngman Rhee becomes president.
1948/--/-- 104 - The Soviets blockade West Berlin; Britain and the U.S. begin the Berlin Airlift.
1948/--/-- 104 - The U.S. Air Force begins the Project Blue Book study of the UFO phenomenon.
1948/--/-- 104 - The apartheid policy of racial segregation is made official in South Africa.
1948/--/-- 104 - The transistor is invented at Bell Laboratories in the U.S.
1948/10/-- 104 - World Series NL BOSTON (2) AL CLEVELAND (4)
1949/--/-- 105 - Abstract artist Robert Motherwell begins his series Elegy to the Spanish Republic.
1949/--/-- 105 - Abstract-Expressionism breaks out in NYC
1949/--/-- 105 - Architect Philip Johnson designs the Glass House in New Caanan, Conn.
1949/--/-- 105 - Arthur Miller's play Death of a Salesman is produced.
1949/--/-- 105 - British abstract sculptor Henry Moore completes the bronze Family Group.
1949/--/-- 105 - British author George Orwell publishes the futuristic novel Nineteen Eighty-Four.
1949/--/-- 105 - Civil war ends in Greece with the defeat of the Communist forces.
1949/--/-- 105 - Communists under Mao defeat the Nationalists and form the People's Republic of China.
1949/--/-- 105 - Konrad Adenauer becomes the first chancellor of West Germany.
1949/--/-- 105 - Kurchatov develops first Soviet A-bomb
1949/--/-- 105 - Miles Davis makes the first "cool" jazz records.
1949/--/-- 105 - Nationalist Chinese forces under Chiang Kai-shek flee to the island of Taiwan.
1949/--/-- 105 - Rogers and Hammerstein's Broadway musical South Pacific is produced.
1949/--/-- 105 - The Hashimite Kingdom of Transjordan is renamed as Jordan.
1949/--/-- 105 - The Netherlands grants independence to Indonesia (formerly the Dutch East Indies).
1949/--/-- 105 - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is formed to deter Soviet aggression.
1949/--/-- 105 - The Republic of Germany (West Germany) is established by the Western powers.
1949/--/-- 105 - The Soviet Union detonates its first atomic bomb.
1949/--/-- 105 - The Soviets establish the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
1949/--/-- 105 - The first India-Pakistan War ends with the partition of Kashmir.
1949/10/-- 105 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (1) AL NEW YORK (4)
1950/--/-- 106 - Adnan Menderes replaces Ismet Inonu as prime minister of Turkey.
1950/--/-- 106 - Bette Davis stars in the film All About Eve.
1950/--/-- 106 - Cartoonist Charles Schulz creates the Peanuts comic strip.
1950/--/-- 106 - Chinese forces invade Tibet, which is officially annexed in 1951.
1950/--/-- 106 - Communist North Korean forces invade South Korea.
1950/--/-- 106 - George Burns and Gracie Allen star in The Burns and Allen Show television series.
1950/--/-- 106 - Isaac Asimov publishes the science-fiction classic I Robot.
1950/--/-- 106 - Japanese film director Akira Kurosawa achieves recognition with Rashomon.
1950/--/-- 106 - Korean "engagement"
1950/--/-- 106 - President Truman orders the development of the hydrogen bomb.
1950/--/-- 106 - Senator Joseph McCarthy begins his inquiry into un-American activities.
1950/--/-- 106 - The UN sanctions military aid for South Korea; MacArthur is appointed commander.
1950/--/-- 106 - U.S. official Alger Hiss is convicted of perjury for denying that he knew a Soviet agent.
1950/--/-- 106 - UN forces cross into North Korea but are repulsed by the Chinese army.
1950/--/-- 106 - UN forces land at Inchon and drive the North Koreans out of South Korea.
1950/10/-- 106 - World Series NL PHILADELPHIA (0) AL NEW YORK (4)
1951/--/-- 107 - A frontline is stabilized at the 38th parallel in Korea; peace negotiations begin at Kaesong.
1951/--/-- 107 - American novelist Kurt Vonnegut publishes Player Piano.
1951/--/-- 107 - American poet Marianne Moore publishes her Collected Poems.
1951/--/-- 107 - American writer J.D. Salinger publishes The Catcher in the Rye.
1951/--/-- 107 - American writer James Jones publishes the war novel From Here to Eternity.
1951/--/-- 107 - Artist Stuart Davis uses words to function as abstract shapes in his painting Visa.
1951/--/-- 107 - Australia, New Zealand, and the U.S. sign the mutual defense Anzus Treaty.
1951/--/-- 107 - Auto racer Juan Fangio wins the world driving championship for the first time.
1951/--/-- 107 - Boxer Sugar Ray Robinson defeats Jake La Motta for the middleweight title.
1951/--/-- 107 - British Conservatives win a general election with Winston Churchill as leader.
1951/--/-- 107 - British spies Burgess and Maclean escape to the Soviet Union.
1951/--/-- 107 - Comedian Lucille Ball stars in the television series I Love Lucy.
1951/--/-- 107 - Igor Stravinsky's opera The Rake's Progress is premiered.
1951/--/-- 107 - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are sentenced to death for espionage against the U.S.
1951/--/-- 107 - King Abdullah of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian nationalist.
1951/--/-- 107 - Leopold III of Belgium is forced to abdicate because of his wartime conduct.
1951/--/-- 107 - President Truman dismisses MacArthur as commander in Korea.
1951/--/-- 107 - Prime minister Muhammad Mosaddeq nationalizes Iran's oil resources.
1951/--/-- 107 - Rodgers and Hammerstein's Broadway musical The King and I is produced.
1951/--/-- 107 - Teller tests H-bomb
1951/--/-- 107 - Ten million television receivers have been installed in U.S. homes.
1951/--/-- 107 - The 22nd Amendment restricts U.S. presidents to a maximum of two terms.
1951/--/-- 107 - The UN General Assembly brands Communist China an aggressor in the Korean War.
1951/--/-- 107 - The first successful videotape for recording television images is demonstrated.
1951/--/-- 107 - UNIVAC I, the first commercial computer, is accepted by the U.S. Bureau of the Census.
1951/10/-- 107 - World Series NL NEW YORK (2) AL NEW YORK (4)
1952/--/-- 108 - A bloodless coup returns Fulgencio Batista to power in Cuba.
1952/--/-- 108 - Agatha Christie's record-breaking play The Mouse Trap opens in London.
1952/--/-- 108 - American sculptor Isamu Noguchi designs two bridges for the Peace Park at Hiroshima.
1952/--/-- 108 - American writer E.B. White publishes the children's book Charlotte's Web.
1952/--/-- 108 - British architect Michael Ventris deciphers the ancient Greek Linear B script.
1952/--/-- 108 - Chuck Yaeger sets a new air speed record of 1,650 mph in the X-1A research plane.
1952/--/-- 108 - Communist POW riots in South Korea delay peace negotiations.
1952/--/-- 108 - Czech runner Emil Zatopek wins 3 gold medals in the Helsinki Olympic Games.
1952/--/-- 108 - Dancer Gene Kelly stars in the film Singin' in the Rain.
1952/--/-- 108 - Eva Peron, popularly known as Evita, dies in Argentina.
1952/--/-- 108 - Gary Cooper and Grace Kelly star in the Western film High Noon.
1952/--/-- 108 - Gordon Bunshaft designs the Lever House, an early International Style building.
1952/--/-- 108 - Hostilities continue in Korea with increased UN air strikes against the north.
1952/--/-- 108 - King Farouk of Egypt is overthrown in a revolution led by Gen. Muhammad Naguib.
1952/--/-- 108 - Kwame Nkrumah is elected prime minister of the Gold Coast (Ghana).
1952/--/-- 108 - Medical missionary Albert Schweitzer is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1952/--/-- 108 - Opera singer Maria Callas debuts at London's Covent Garden.
1952/--/-- 108 - Queen Elizabeth II ascends to the British throne on the death of her father George VI.
1952/--/-- 108 - Samuel Beckett's play Waiting For Godot is produced in Paris.
1952/--/-- 108 - The British de Havilland Comet becomes the first jet airliner to enter service.
1952/--/-- 108 - The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is formed with Luis Munoz Marin as governor.
1952/--/-- 108 - The Mau Mau uprising begins in Kenya; Jomo Kenyatta is imprisoned.
1952/--/-- 108 - The U.S. tests the first hydrogen bomb in the Pacific.
1952/--/-- 108 - The first automatic pinsetter is installed in a bowling alley in Brooklyn, N.Y.
1952/--/-- 108 - Turkey joins the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
1952/--/-- 108 - Vice-presidential candidate Richard Nixon makes his Checkers speech.
1952/02/-- 108 - Elizabeth II succeeds as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland.
1952/10/-- 108 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (3) AL NEW YORK (4)
1953/--/-- 109 - A Redstone rocket (based on the German V-2) is tested at Cape Canaveral.
1953/--/-- 109 - American physicist Charles H. Townes invents the maser.
1953/--/-- 109 - American tennis player Maureen Connolly (Little Mo) wins the Grand Slam.
1953/--/-- 109 - American writer Saul Bellow publishes The Adventures of Augie March.
1953/--/-- 109 - An armistice ends the Korean War; the country remains divided into North and South.
1953/--/-- 109 - Arthur Miller writes The Crucible, a play about the Salem Witch Trials.
1953/--/-- 109 - Black writer James Baldwin publishes his first novel Go Tell It on the Mountain.
1953/--/-- 109 - Communist statesman Imre Nagy becomes premier of Hungary.
1953/--/-- 109 - Dag Hammarskjold succeeds Trygve Lie as secretary-general of the UN.
1953/--/-- 109 - Dwight D. Eisenhower (Republican) becomes president of the United States
1953/--/-- 109 - Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay are the first to climb Mount Everest.
1953/--/-- 109 - Eisenhower is inaugurated as the 34th U.S. president; Nixon becomes vice-president.
1953/--/-- 109 - Fidel Castro leads an attack on an army barracks in Cuba; he is captured and imprisoned.
1953/--/-- 109 - Golfer Ben Hogan wins the U.S. Open, Masters, and British Open tournaments.
1953/--/-- 109 - Hugh Hefner publishes the first issue of Playboy magazine.
1953/--/-- 109 - Hussein I succeeds his father as king of Jordan.
1953/--/-- 109 - Israeli prime minister Ben-Gurion retires; he is succeeded by Moshe Sharett.
1953/--/-- 109 - Jacques Piccard's bathyscaphe the Trieste descends to a depth of 10,330 ft.
1953/--/-- 109 - James Watson and Francis Crick propose the double helix structure of DNA.
1953/--/-- 109 - John Foster Dulles is selected as the U.S. secretary of state.
1953/--/-- 109 - Laos, formerly a part of French Indochina, is granted independence.
1953/--/-- 109 - Lavrenti Beria, head of the Soviet security service, is arrested and executed.
1953/--/-- 109 - Marilyn Monroe stars in the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes.
1953/--/-- 109 - Murray Gell-Mann proposes the strangeness property of some subatomic particles.
1953/--/-- 109 - Physicist Donald Glaser invents the bubble chamber to detect subnuclear particles.
1953/--/-- 109 - Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin dies; Georgy M. Malenkov becomes the new premier.
1953/--/-- 109 - The first heart-lung machine is developed by Dr. John Gibbon.
1953/--/-- 109 - The fossil remains of Piltdown man are proved a hoax 41 years after their discovery.
1953/--/-- 109 - Watson & Crick DNA=double helix
1953/06/-- 109 - Elizabeth II crowned Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland at Westminster
1953/10/-- 109 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (2) AL NEW YORK (4)
1954/--/-- 110 - A Supreme Court decision prohibits racial segregation in U.S. public schools.
1954/--/-- 110 - American novelist Evan Hunter publishes The Blackboard Jungle.
1954/--/-- 110 - British artist Francis Bacon begins his Portrait of Pope Innocent X series.
1954/--/-- 110 - British novelist William Golding publishes Lord of the Flies.
1954/--/-- 110 - Dylan Thomas' radio play Under Milk Wood is performed posthumously.
1954/--/-- 110 - English runner Roger Bannister is first to run the mile in under 4 minutes.
1954/--/-- 110 - French forces are defeated at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in North Vietnam.
1954/--/-- 110 - Gamal Abdel Nasser ousts Gen. Muhammad Naguib as president of Egypt.
1954/--/-- 110 - Ian Fleming publishes the first James Bond thriller Casino Royale.
1954/--/-- 110 - Italian film-maker Federico Fellini directs La Strada.
1954/--/-- 110 - Kingsley Amis, one of England's angry young men, publishes Lucky Jim.
1954/--/-- 110 - Marlon Brando stars in Elia Kazan's film On the Waterfront.
1954/--/-- 110 - National Liberation Front (FLN) raids on French property spark the Algerian War.
1954/--/-- 110 - Senator McCarthy is discredited for failing to prove claims of communist penetration.
1954/--/-- 110 - Television thrives; radio switches to music
1954/--/-- 110 - The Geneva Conference establishes the partition of Vietnam into North and South.
1954/--/-- 110 - The U.S. and Canada begin construction of the St. Lawrence Seaway.
1954/--/-- 110 - The U.S. nuclear submarine the Nautilus is launched.
1954/--/-- 110 - U.S. "Nautilus" first nuclear submarine
1954/10/-- 110 - World Series NL NEW YORK (4) AL CLEVELAND (0)
1955/--/-- 111 - A military coup in Argentina deposes president Juan Peron.
1955/--/-- 111 - AFL and CIO merge
1955/--/-- 111 - American artist Jasper Johns begins his paintings of American flags and targets.
1955/--/-- 111 - American artist Larry Rivers paints Double Portrait of Birdie.
1955/--/-- 111 - American rock 'n' roll musician Bill Haley records Rock Around the Clock.
1955/--/-- 111 - Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as prime minister of Great Britain.
1955/--/-- 111 - Austria achieves independence; the four-power occupation is terminated.
1955/--/-- 111 - Blacks boycott buses in Montgomery
1955/--/-- 111 - British writer Graham Greene publishes The Quiet American.
1955/--/-- 111 - British writer and scholar J.R.R. Tolkien completes The Lord of the Rings.
1955/--/-- 111 - David Ben-Gurion returns as prime minister of Israel.
1955/--/-- 111 - Film star James Dean is killed in a car crash.
1955/--/-- 111 - Jonas Salk's vaccine against polio comes into widespread use.
1955/--/-- 111 - Marian Anderson becomes the first black to perform at the Metropolitan Opera House.
1955/--/-- 111 - Martin Luther King, Jr. leads a boycott against racial segregation on buses.
1955/--/-- 111 - Russian writer Vladimir Nabokov publishes the novel Lolita.
1955/--/-- 111 - Satyajit Ray directs Pather Panchali, the first film in a trilogy on Bengali family life.
1955/--/-- 111 - Supreme Court orders school desegregation
1955/--/-- 111 - The Federal Republic of Germany joins NATO.
1955/--/-- 111 - The Warsaw Pact establishes a military alliance of European Communist nations.
1955/--/-- 111 - Theologian Pierre Teilhard de Chardin publishes The Phenomenon of Man.
1955/10/-- 111 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (4) AL NEW YORK (3)
1956/--/-- 112 - American beat poet Allen Ginsberg publishes Howl and Other Poems.
1956/--/-- 112 - American television news show The Huntley-Brinkley Report begins.
1956/--/-- 112 - American writer Grace Metalious publishes Peyton Place.
1956/--/-- 112 - Anglo-French forces invade Egypt but withdraw after protests from the U.S.
1956/--/-- 112 - Archbishop Makarios III is deported from Cyprus by the British.
1956/--/-- 112 - Brendan Behan's play The Quare Fellow opens in London.
1956/--/-- 112 - Britain, France and Israel agree on a secret joint action against Egypt.
1956/--/-- 112 - British artist Richard Hamilton produces the first pop art work.
1956/--/-- 112 - David Niven stars in the film Around the World in Eighty Days.
1956/--/-- 112 - Eugene O'Neill's play Long Day's Journey Into Night is produced.
1956/--/-- 112 - Fidel Castro and Che Guevara land in Cuba and begin a guerrilla war.
1956/--/-- 112 - Film actress Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier III of Monaco.
1956/--/-- 112 - Heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano retires without being defeated.
1956/--/-- 112 - Israeli forces under Moshe Dayan seize the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula.
1956/--/-- 112 - John Osborne's first play Look Back In Anger is produced in London.
1956/--/-- 112 - Lerner and Loewe's musical My Fair Lady opens in New York.
1956/--/-- 112 - President Anastasio Somoza Garcia is assassinated in Nicaragua.
1956/--/-- 112 - President Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal before the British lease expires.
1956/--/-- 112 - President Ngo Dinh Diem refuses to hold elections in South Vietnam.
1956/--/-- 112 - Rock 'n roll singer Elvis Presley records his first hit Heartbreak Hotel.
1956/--/-- 112 - Soviet first secretary Nikita Khrushchev denounces the crimes of the Stalin era.
1956/--/-- 112 - Sudan gains independence from Anglo-Egyptian rule.
1956/--/-- 112 - The Hungarian Uprising is suppressed by Soviet troops.
1956/--/-- 112 - The Italian ocean liner Andrea Doria sinks off the U.S. coast after a collision in fog.
1956/--/-- 112 - Tunisia and Morocco are granted independence by France.
1956/10/-- 112 - World Series NL BROOKLYN (3) AL NEW YORK (4)
1957/--/-- 113 - Beat generation writer Jack Kerouac publishes On The Road.
1957/--/-- 113 - Black tennis player Althea Gibson wins the U.S. Open and Wimbledon championships.
1957/--/-- 113 - British philosopher A.J. Ayer publishes The Problem of Knowledge.
1957/--/-- 113 - British prime minister Anthony Eden resigns; is succeeded by Harold Macmillan.
1957/--/-- 113 - Dr. Seuss publishes the children's book The Cat in the Hat.
1957/--/-- 113 - Francois Duvalier (known as Papa Doc) is elected president of Haiti.
1957/--/-- 113 - Ghana gains independence; Kwame Nkrumah becomes the first prime minister.
1957/--/-- 113 - Jack Kerouac "On the Road"
1957/--/-- 113 - Jerome Robbins is director-choreographer of the musical West Side Story.
1957/--/-- 113 - John G. Diefenbaker succeeds Louis St. Laurent as prime minister of Canada.
1957/--/-- 113 - Lawrence Durrell publishes Justine, the first of The Alexandria Quartet novels.
1957/--/-- 113 - Scientists from 67 nations work together during the International Geophysical Year.
1957/--/-- 113 - Soviet leaders Malenkov and Molotov fail in an attempt to oust Khrushchev from power.
1957/--/-- 113 - Soviets launch "Sputnik", first artificial satellite
1957/--/-- 113 - Swedish filmmaker Ingmar Bergman directs The Seventh Seal.
1957/--/-- 113 - The Israeli army withdraws from Egypt; the Gaza Strip is policed by UN forces.
1957/--/-- 113 - The USSR launches Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite.
1957/--/-- 113 - The Viet Cong begin acts of rebellion in South Vietnam.
1957/--/-- 113 - Tunku Abdul Rahman becomes the first prime minister of independent Malaya (Malaysia).
1957/10/-- 113 - World Series NL MILWAUKEE (4) AL NEW YORK (3)
1958/--/-- 114 - American economist J.K. Galbraith publishes The Affluent Society.
1958/--/-- 114 - American golfer Arnold Palmer wins the Masters tournament for the first time.
1958/--/-- 114 - American playwright Edward Albee writes The Zoo Story.
1958/--/-- 114 - American writer Truman Capote publishes the novella Breakfast At Tiffany's.
1958/--/-- 114 - Bertrand Russell founds the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) in Britain.
1958/--/-- 114 - Civil war breaks out in Lebanon; it is ended when U.S. Marines land at Beirut.
1958/--/-- 114 - Egypt and Syria form the United Arab Republic.
1958/--/-- 114 - Gen. Muhammad Ayub Khan seizes control in Pakistan.
1958/--/-- 114 - Leonard Bernstein becomes the conductor of the New York Philharmonic orchestra.
1958/--/-- 114 - Nikita Khrushchev replaces Nikolai Bulganin as Soviet premier.
1958/--/-- 114 - Prime minister Hendrik Verwoerd extends South Africa's apartheid laws.
1958/--/-- 114 - Russian writer Boris Pasternak publishes the novel Doctor Zhivago.
1958/--/-- 114 - Soccer player Pele leads Brazil to victory in the World Cup.
1958/--/-- 114 - The Algerian crisis prompts the recall of Charles de Gaulle as president of France.
1958/--/-- 114 - The European Economic Community (EEC) is established.
1958/--/-- 114 - The French army and settlers in Algiers revolt over the Algerian War stalemate.
1958/--/-- 114 - The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is founded.
1958/--/-- 114 - The U.S. launches the Explorer I and Vanguard I scientific satellites.
1958/--/-- 114 - The first intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is launched in the U.S.
1958/--/-- 114 - The nuclear submarine Nautilus reaches the North Pole under the Polar ice cap.
1958/--/-- 114 - Wilson Greatbatch invents an artificial pacemaker to control heartbeats.
1958/10/-- 114 - World Series NL MILWAUKEE (3) AL NEW YORK (4)
1959/--/-- 115 - Alaska is inaugurated as the 49th state of the Union.
1959/--/-- 115 - American writer Leon Uris publishes Exodus, a novel on the founding of Israel.
1959/--/-- 115 - American writer William Burroughs publishes The Naked Lunch.
1959/--/-- 115 - Anthropologists Richard and Mary Leakey discover an Australopithecus skull in Africa.
1959/--/-- 115 - Artist Robert Rauschenberg creates the three-dimensional collage Monogram.
1959/--/-- 115 - Cyprus gains independence from Britain; Archbishop Makarios becomes president.
1959/--/-- 115 - Fidel Castro ousts Cuban leader Fulgencio Batista in a communist revolution.
1959/--/-- 115 - Film actor Charlton Heston wins the Academy Award for his role in Ben-Hur.
1959/--/-- 115 - French New Wave filmmaker Jean Luc Godard directs Breathless.
1959/--/-- 115 - French filmmaker Alain Resnais directs Hiroshima Mon Amour.
1959/--/-- 115 - French filmmaker Francois Truffaut directs The 400 Blows.
1959/--/-- 115 - German writer Gunter Grass publishes his first novel The Tin Drum.
1959/--/-- 115 - Hawaii is inaugurated as the 50th state of the Union.
1959/--/-- 115 - Jack Lemon, Tony Curtis and Marilyn Monroe star in the film Some Like it Hot.
1959/--/-- 115 - Jean-Luc Godard's New Wave "Breathless"
1959/--/-- 115 - Lee Kuan Yew becomes prime minister of Singapore.
1959/--/-- 115 - Lorraine Hansberry's A Raisin in the Sun is the first Broadway play by a black woman.
1959/--/-- 115 - NASA selects the first seven U.S. astronauts.
1959/--/-- 115 - Rock 'n roll star Buddy Holly is killed in a plane crash.
1959/--/-- 115 - Rod Serling hosts the Twilight Zone television series.
1959/--/-- 115 - Rogers and Hammerstein's Broadway musical The Sound of Music is produced.
1959/--/-- 115 - Sir Christopher Cockerell tests the first air-cushion vehicle.
1959/--/-- 115 - The Boeing 707 jet airliner enters service.
1959/--/-- 115 - The Dalai Lama flees to India after China crushes an uprising in Tibet.
1959/--/-- 115 - The Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens in New York City.
1959/--/-- 115 - The Soviet Union sends a series of Luna space probes to the Moon.
1959/--/-- 115 - The first flight is made by the X-15 rocket-powered research aircraft.
1959/10/-- 115 - World Series NL LOS ANGELES (4) AL CHICAGO (2)
1960/--/-- 116 - 69 Africans are killed in the Sharpeville massacre in South Africa.
1960/--/-- 116 - A military coup takes place in Turkey; prime minister Adnan Menderes is executed (1961).
1960/--/-- 116 - A student uprising forces the resignation of Syngman Rhee, president of South Korea.
1960/--/-- 116 - American author John Updike publishes the novel Rabbit Run.
1960/--/-- 116 - American physicist Theodore H. Maiman demonstrates the first successful laser.
1960/--/-- 116 - American track star Wilma Rudolph wins 3 gold medals at the Rome Olympic Games.
1960/--/-- 116 - An earthquake kills 15,000 at Agadir in Morocco.
1960/--/-- 116 - Belgium grants independence to the Congo (Zaire); Patrice Lumumba becomes premier.
1960/--/-- 116 - Britain grants independence to Nigeria; Abubakar Balewa continues as prime minister.
1960/--/-- 116 - Civil Rights movement
1960/--/-- 116 - Congo (Zaire) premier Patrice Lumumba is ousted by Joseph Mobutu and murdered.
1960/--/-- 116 - Filmmaker Alfred Hitchcock directs the suspense thriller Psycho.
1960/--/-- 116 - Former Nazi official Adolf Eichmann is abducted to Israel.
1960/--/-- 116 - France grants independence to the Congo, Chad, Central African Republic, and Gabon.
1960/--/-- 116 - Harold Pinter's play The Caretaker is produced.
1960/--/-- 116 - Italian filmmaker Michelangelo Antonioni directs La Notte (The Night).
1960/--/-- 116 - Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh descend to 35,800 ft in the bathyscaphe Trieste.
1960/--/-- 116 - Maiman makes first laser
1960/--/-- 116 - NASA launches the first TIROS weather satellite.
1960/--/-- 116 - Religious broadcaster Pat Robertson founds the Christian Broadcasting Network.
1960/--/-- 116 - Sirimavo Bandaranaike becomes the world's first woman prime minister in Ceylon (Sri Lanka).
1960/--/-- 116 - South African civil rights leader Albert Luthuli wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
1960/--/-- 116 - The Congo crisis begins with the secession of Katanga province under Moise Tshombe.
1960/--/-- 116 - The Echo 1 experimental communications satellite is launched.
1960/--/-- 116 - The Motown record company is founded in Detroit by Berry Gordy.
1960/--/-- 116 - The South African government bans the African National Congress (ANC).
1960/--/-- 116 - The Soviets shoot down a U-2 spy plane; U.S. pilot Francis Gary Powers is captured.
1960/--/-- 116 - The first quasars, the most luminous known objects in the universe, are discovered.
1960/--/-- 116 - The first submerged firing is made of a Polaris submarine-launched missile.
1960/--/-- 116 - The planned city of Brasilia becomes the new capital of Brazil.
1960/--/-- 116 - The presidential debates of John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon are televised.
1960/--/-- 116 - Viet Cong groups unite into the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (NLFSV).
1960/--/-- 116 - Walter Ulbricht becomes head of East Germany.
1960/10/-- 116 - World Series NL PITTSBURGH (4) AL NEW YORK (3)
1961/--/-- 117 - Agostinho Neto and Holden Roberto lead insurrections in Portuguese Angola.
1961/--/-- 117 - American writer Joseph Heller publishes the anti-war novel Catch-22.
1961/--/-- 117 - American-aided Cuban exiles attempt the unsuccessful Bay of Pigs invasion.
1961/--/-- 117 - Astronaut Alan Shepard makes the first U.S. suborbital space flight.
1961/--/-- 117 - Britain grants independence to Tanganyika (Tanzania) with Julius Nyerere as prime minister.
1961/--/-- 117 - British novelist Iris Murdoch publishes A Severed Head.
1961/--/-- 117 - English writer Muriel Spark publishes The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie.
1961/--/-- 117 - French filmmaker Francois Truffaut directs Jeanne Moreau in Jules and Jim.
1961/--/-- 117 - India annexes the Portugese territories of Goa, Daman, and Diu.
1961/--/-- 117 - Italian filmmaker Vittorio De Sica directs Sophia Loren in Alberto Moravia's Two Women.
1961/--/-- 117 - Italian opera singer Luciano Pavarotti debuts in Puccini's La Boheme.
1961/--/-- 117 - John F. Kennedy (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1961/--/-- 117 - Kennedy is inaugurated as the 35th U.S. president; Johnson becomes vice-president.
1961/--/-- 117 - Kennedy launches "Apollo" project; man lands on the moon
1961/--/-- 117 - Peace Corps
1961/--/-- 117 - President Kennedy begins to increase the U.S. military presence in Vietnam.
1961/--/-- 117 - President Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.
1961/--/-- 117 - President Kennedy sets a goal for landing a man on the Moon within the decade.
1961/--/-- 117 - President Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in the Dominican Republic.
1961/--/-- 117 - Roger Maris breaks Babe Ruth's home-run baseball record with a season total of 61.
1961/--/-- 117 - Science fiction writer Robert Heinlein publishes Stranger in a Strange Land.
1961/--/-- 117 - Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defects to the West.
1961/--/-- 117 - Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin orbits the earth.
1961/--/-- 117 - Swedish filmmaker Ingmar Bergman directs Max Von Sydow in Through a Glass Darkly.
1961/--/-- 117 - The Berlin Wall is constructed, separating East and West Berlin.
1961/--/-- 117 - The Kurds begin a guerrilla war against Iraq to gain independence for Kurdistan.
1961/--/-- 117 - The Kurds begin a guerrilla war against Iraq to gain independence for Kurdistan.
1961/--/-- 117 - The drug thalidomide is found to cause malformations in new born babies.
1961/--/-- 117 - UN secretary-general Dag Hammarskjold is killed in a plane crash in the Congo (Zaire).
1961/--/-- 117 - V.S. Naipaul writes about West Indian life in A House for Mr. Biswas.
1961/10/-- 117 - World Series NL CINCINNATI (1) AL NEW YORK (4)
1962/--/-- 118 - Actor Laurence Olivier becomes the first director of the National Theatre in London.
1962/--/-- 118 - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn publishes One Day In the Life of Ivan Denisovich.
1962/--/-- 118 - Algeria gains independence from France; Ahmed ben Bella becomes prime minister.
1962/--/-- 118 - American artist Jim Dine paints the pop art subject Black Saw.
1962/--/-- 118 - American film actress Marilyn Monroe dies from a drug overdose.
1962/--/-- 118 - American historian Barbara Tuchman publishes The Guns of August.
1962/--/-- 118 - American writer Katherine Anne Porter publishes the novel Ship of Fools.
1962/--/-- 118 - American writer Ken Kesey publishes One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest.
1962/--/-- 118 - Astronaut John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the Earth.
1962/--/-- 118 - Basketball player Wilt Chamberlain scores a record 100 points in one game.
1962/--/-- 118 - Britain grants independence to Trinidad and Tobago with Eric Williams as chief minister.
1962/--/-- 118 - Britain grants independence to Uganda; Milton Obote becomes prime minister.
1962/--/-- 118 - British filmmaker David Lean directs Lawrence of Arabia.
1962/--/-- 118 - British writer Anthony Burgess publishes the futuristic novel A Clockwork Orange.
1962/--/-- 118 - Burmese diplomat U Thant becomes the first Asian secretary general of the UN.
1962/--/-- 118 - Cuban missile crisis
1962/--/-- 118 - Edward Albee's play Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf is produced on Broadway.
1962/--/-- 118 - Fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent opens his Parisian fashion house.
1962/--/-- 118 - Folk-rock singer and composer Bob Dylan writes Blowin' in the Wind.
1962/--/-- 118 - Georges Pompidou becomes premier of France's Fifth Republic.
1962/--/-- 118 - Polish filmmaker Roman Polanski directs his first film Knife in the Water.
1962/--/-- 118 - Pop Art
1962/--/-- 118 - Pop artist Andy Warhol begins making silk screen prints of mass-media images.
1962/--/-- 118 - Rachel Carson criticizes indiscriminate use of pesticides in her book Silent Spring.
1962/--/-- 118 - Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor star in Cleopatra, the most expensive film to date.
1962/--/-- 118 - Science fiction writer J.G. Ballard publishes The Drowned World.
1962/--/-- 118 - Sonny Liston defeats Floyd Patterson to become heavyweight boxing champion.
1962/--/-- 118 - Television journalist Walter Cronkite is made anchorman of CBS Evening News.
1962/--/-- 118 - The British pop group The Beatles make their first recordings.
1962/--/-- 118 - The Cuban Missile Crisis begins; Soviet missiles are withdrawn from Cuba.
1962/--/-- 118 - The Mariner 2 spacecraft passes within 21,598 miles of Venus.
1962/--/-- 118 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that school prayers are a violation of the 1st Amendment.
1962/--/-- 118 - The U.S. launches Telstar, the first commercial communications satellite.
1962/--/-- 118 - The University of Mississippi is forced to admit black student James Meredith.
1962/10/-- 118 - World Series NL SAN FRANCISCO (3) AL NEW YORK (4)
1963/--/-- 119 - A UN peace keeping force ends the secession attempt of Katanga province (Shaba).
1963/--/-- 119 - A limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty is signed by Britain, the U.S., and the USSR.
1963/--/-- 119 - American pop vocal group the Beach Boys release the record Surfin' U.S.A.
1963/--/-- 119 - American writer Mary McCarthy publishes The Group.
1963/--/-- 119 - Arecibo Observatory begins observations with a 1,000-ft wide radio telescope.
1963/--/-- 119 - Black nationalist Joshua Nkomo is imprisoned in Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).
1963/--/-- 119 - Britain's entry to the European Economic Community is blocked by France.
1963/--/-- 119 - British filmmaker Joseph Losey directs The Servant.
1963/--/-- 119 - British spy Harold (Kim) Philby defects to the USSR.
1963/--/-- 119 - Czech dissident playwright Vaclav Havel writes The Garden Party.
1963/--/-- 119 - English writer John Le Carre publishes The Spy Who Came in from the Cold.
1963/--/-- 119 - Filmmaker Stanley Kubrick directs the anti-war film Dr. Strangelove.
1963/--/-- 119 - Football running back Jim Brown sets a record for rushes of 1,863 yards.
1963/--/-- 119 - Jack Nicklaus becomes the youngest golfer to win the Masters Tournament.
1963/--/-- 119 - John F. Kennedy assassin Lee Harvey Oswald is shot and killed by Jack Ruby.
1963/--/-- 119 - Kennedy assassinated
1963/--/-- 119 - Kenya gains independence from Britain; Jomo Kenyatta becomes prime minister.
1963/--/-- 119 - Levi Eshkol succeeds David Ben-Gurion as prime minister of Israel.
1963/--/-- 119 - Ludwig Erhard succeeds Konrad Adenauer as chancellor of West Germany.
1963/--/-- 119 - Lyndon B. Johnson (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1963/--/-- 119 - Lyndon B. Johnson is inaugurated as the 36th President of the U.S.
1963/--/-- 119 - Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak and Sabah form the Federation of Malaysia.
1963/--/-- 119 - Martin Luther King, Jr. makes his "I Have a Dream" speech in Washington, D.C.
1963/--/-- 119 - Peter Sellers stars as Inspector Clouseau in the film The Pink Panther.
1963/--/-- 119 - Pop artist Claes Oldenburg creates the kapok-filled sculpture Soft Typewriter.
1963/--/-- 119 - Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein completes the comic strip painting Whaam.
1963/--/-- 119 - President Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas.
1963/--/-- 119 - President Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam is assassinated.
1963/--/-- 119 - Race-car driver Jim Clark wins seven Grand Prix events and the world title.
1963/--/-- 119 - Sir Alec Douglas-Home succeeds Harold Macmillan as British prime minister.
1963/--/-- 119 - Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space.
1963/--/-- 119 - Sylvia Plath's novel The Bell Jar is published in the year of her death.
1963/--/-- 119 - The American X-15 research aircraft establishes an altitude record of 67 miles.
1963/--/-- 119 - The Organization of African Unity (OAU) is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
1963/--/-- 119 - The Profumo sex scandal undermines the Conservative government in Britain.
1963/--/-- 119 - The Rolling Stones rock band is formed in Britain.
1963/--/-- 119 - The first James Bond film Dr. No is produced.
1963/10/-- 119 - World Series NL LOS ANGELES (4) AL NEW YORK (0)
1964/--/-- 120 - ANC leader Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life imprisonment in South Africa.
1964/--/-- 120 - An earthquake in Alaska causes extensive damage and 114 fatalities.
1964/--/-- 120 - Architect Eero Saarinen's St. Louis Arch memorial is completed.
1964/--/-- 120 - Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson discover the existence of background radiation.
1964/--/-- 120 - Beatlemania develops during the first U.S. tour of the Beatles pop group.
1964/--/-- 120 - Black female group the Supremes record the hit song Where Did Our Love Go.
1964/--/-- 120 - Britain grants independence to Malawi; H. Kamuzu Banda becomes prime minister.
1964/--/-- 120 - Britain grants independence to Zambia; Kenneth D. Kaunda becomes president.
1964/--/-- 120 - Britain grants independence to Zanzibar.
1964/--/-- 120 - Clint Eastwood stars in Sergio Leone's "spaghetti western" A Fistful of Dollars.
1964/--/-- 120 - Comedian Lenny Bruce is convicted for giving an obscene performance.
1964/--/-- 120 - Craig Breedlove sets a land speed record of 600 mph in a jet-powered vehicle.
1964/--/-- 120 - FRELIMO begins a war of independence against the Portuguese in Mozambique.
1964/--/-- 120 - Faisal succeeds his brother Saud as king of Saudi Arabia.
1964/--/-- 120 - Fighting breaks out on Cyprus between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.
1964/--/-- 120 - General Westmoreland is appointed to command the U.S. forces in South Vietnam.
1964/--/-- 120 - Gulf of Tonkin Incident
1964/--/-- 120 - Gustavo Diaz Ordaz becomes president of Mexico.
1964/--/-- 120 - Ian Smith becomes prime minister of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).
1964/--/-- 120 - Illustrator Maurice Sendak wins a Caldecott Medal for Where the Wild Things Are.
1964/--/-- 120 - Indian prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru dies; he is succeeded by Lal Bahadur Shastri.
1964/--/-- 120 - Johnson is reeelected as U.S. president; Humphrey becomes vice-president (1965).
1964/--/-- 120 - Julie Andrews and Dick Van Dyke star in the film Mary Poppins.
1964/--/-- 120 - Muhammad Ali defeats Sonny Liston for the heavyweight boxing championship.
1964/--/-- 120 - North Vietnam allegedly attacks U.S. vessels in the Gulf of Tonkin.
1964/--/-- 120 - Peter Weiss' play Marat/ Sade is produced by British director Peter Brook.
1964/--/-- 120 - Physicists Murray Gell-Mann and George Zweig propose the quark theory.
1964/--/-- 120 - Soviet leader NikitaKhrushchev is forced from office; Aleksei Kosygin becomes premier.
1964/--/-- 120 - Tanganyika joins with Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanzania.
1964/--/-- 120 - The American Ranger 7 spacecraft transmits photos of the surface of the Moon.
1964/--/-- 120 - The Labour party is elected to power in Britain; Harold Wilson becomes prime minister.
1964/--/-- 120 - The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is formed to represent Palestinians.
1964/--/-- 120 - The SR-71 Blackbird reconnaissance aircraft is flown for the first time.
1964/--/-- 120 - The Soviet Voskhod 1 spacecraft is launched with a three-man crew.
1964/--/-- 120 - The Tonkin Gulf Resolution escalates the use of U.S. personnel in Vietnam.
1964/--/-- 120 - The U.S. Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination in employment.
1964/--/-- 120 - The U.S. Surgeon General reports that cigarette smoking is a health hazard.
1964/--/-- 120 - The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge opens in New York.
1964/--/-- 120 - The Warren Commission decides that Oswald was the sole assassin of John F. Kennedy.
1964/10/-- 120 - World Series NL ST. LOUIS (4) AL NEW YORK (3)

In 1844 Transportation was by:
          Foot
          Horse
          Bicycle
          Train
          Steamboat
By 1964 Transportation was by:
          Balloon
          Car & Bus
          Diesel ship
          Propeller airplane
          Helicopter
          Jet
          nuclear ship
in addition.
By 1964 Transportation by:
          Horse
          Steamboat
          Balloon
had been discontinued.

In 1844 Communications was by:
          Word of Mouth
          Post Office
By 1964 Communications was by:
          Telegraph
          Telephone
in addition.
By 1964 Communications by:
          Telegraph
had been discontinued.

In 1844 Food Preparation was by:
          Wood
By 1964 Food Preparation was by:
          Gas
          Electric
          Refrigeration
          Dish washer
in addition.
By 1964 Food Preparation by:
          Wood
had been discontinued.

In 1844 Entertainment was by:
          Social Intercourse
          Organized Sports
          Travel
          Professional Sports
          Movies
          Radio
          Television
          Theme parks
          Computer

In 1844 Health Care was by:
          Operations
          Anesthetic
          X-Rays
          MRI

In 1844 War Making was by:
          Calvary
          gun
          Artillery
          Submarine
By 1964 War Making was by:
          Machine guns
          Assault rifle
          tank
          Iron Clad ships
          TNT
          Mines
          Chemical agents
          Biological agents
          Aeroplane
          Helicopter
          Missiles
          Atomic Bomb
          Satellites
in addition.
By 1964 War Making by:
          Calvary
had been discontinued.

In 1844 Navigation was by:
          Stars & Maps
          Compass
By 1964 Navigation was by:
          Radio Signals
          Radar
in addition.

from the SFHR database of Duane Bristow 02-04-2016 10:06:27


Index

Family and Social Relations

of Cowan, Andrew 1844/--/--

Index

Last revised 02/04/16.