Lafever, Elizabeth - F 1776/07/14

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                            The Life of Lafever, Elizabeth
1776/07/14 to 1842/08/31 female No children Husband was Reuben Ard (1769 to 1845)
...Date... AGE Event
1776/--/-- -1 - American General Charles Lee is captured by the British.
1776/--/-- -1 - Ann Lee establishes a Shaker community at Wartervliet in New York.
1776/--/-- -1 - British forces are evacuated from Boston.
1776/--/-- -1 - British forces under Sir Henry Clinton bombard Charleston harbor.
1776/--/-- -1 - Charles Burney publishes the first volume of A General History of Music.
1776/--/-- -1 - David Bushnell's submarine the Turtle makes an abortive attack on British ships.
1776/--/-- -1 - Economist Adam Smith publishes the Wealth of Nations.
1776/--/-- -1 - Edward Gibbon publishes the first volume of Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
1776/--/-- -1 - Grigory Aleksandrovich Potemkin organizes the Russian Black Sea fleet.
1776/--/-- -1 - Howe defeats Washington at White Plains; Washington retreats across the Delaware.
1776/--/-- -1 - Nathan Hale is executed by the British as a spy.
1776/--/-- -1 - Swiss banker Jacques Necker is appointed director of the treasury by Louis XVI.
1776/--/-- -1 - The British under Howe defeat Washington on Long Island and occupy New York.
1776/--/-- -1 - The Continental Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence.
1776/--/-- -1 - The Sturm und Drang (Storm and Stress) literary movement begins in Germany.
1776/--/-- -1 - Thomas Paine publishes his Revolutionary War pamphlet Common Sense.
1776/--/-- -1 - Washington defeats British forces at Trenton and Princeton (1777).
1776/07/14 0 *** Lafever, Elizabeth - Born to Lafever, Abraham and Zink, Catherina
1777/--/-- 0 - Burgoyne capitulates to Horatio Gates' American forces at Saratoga.
1777/--/-- 0 - Christianity is introduced into Korea.
1777/--/-- 0 - French chemist Lavoisier proves that air is composed of oxygen and nitrogen.
1777/--/-- 0 - General Burgoyne captures Ticonderoga and defeats the Americans in Pennsylvania.
1777/--/-- 0 - Richard Brinsley Sheridan's comedy The School for Scandal is produced.
1777/--/-- 0 - The British under Howe capture Philadelphia, forcing Congress to flee.
1777/--/-- 0 - The British under Howe defeat Washington's Continental Army at Brandywine Creek.
1777/--/-- 0 - The Continental Congress adopts the Stars and Stripes as the American flag.
1777/--/-- 0 - The Marquis de Lafayette offers his services to the Continental Congress.
1777/--/-- 0 - Washington's Continental Army spends a hard winter at Valley Forge.
1778/--/-- 1 *** Lafever, Sarah [Sister] - Born to Lafever, Abraham and Zink, Catherina Virginia - Washington or Augusta County
1778/--/-- 1 - English novelist Fanny Burney writes Evelina.
1778/--/-- 1 - France enters the American War of Independence in support of the colonies.
1778/--/-- 1 - Franz Anton Mesmer opens a Paris practice to treat patients using magnetism.
1778/--/-- 1 - John Singleton Copley paints Watson and the Shark.
1778/--/-- 1 - La Scala opera house opens in Milan, Italy.
1778/--/-- 1 - Portugal transfers its rights in Equatorial Guinea to Spain.
1778/--/-- 1 - Washington clashes with British forces under Clinton at Monmouth, N.J.
1779/--/-- 2 - American forces under Sullivan campaign against the Iroquois on the New York border.
1779/--/-- 2 - An American squadron led by John Paul Jones attacks British shipping.
1779/--/-- 2 - British explorer James Cook is killed by natives on Hawaii.
1779/--/-- 2 - George Rogers Clark recaptures Vincennes from the British.
1779/--/-- 2 - Samuel Crompton develops his spinning mule for England's cotton industry.
1779/--/-- 2 - Samuel Johnson begins writing The Lives of the Poets
1779/--/-- 2 - Spain declares war on Britain and lays siege to Gibraltar.
1779/--/-- 2 - War breaks out between Dutch settlers and the Xhosas in South Africa.
1780/--/-- 3 *** Lafever, Jacob Loudon [Brother] - Born to Lafever, Abraham and Zink, Catherina Virginia - Washington or Augusta County
1780/--/-- 3 - Americans under Horatio Gates are defeated by Cornwallis at Camden, S.C.
1780/--/-- 3 - Andre's capture exposes Benedict Arnold's plot to surrender West Point.
1780/--/-- 3 - English spy John Andre is caught and executed by the Americans.
1780/--/-- 3 - Francis Marion and Thomas Sumter lead guerrilla forces against the British.
1780/--/-- 3 - Luigi Galvani begins experiments on the effect of electricity on nerves and muscles.
1780/--/-- 3 - Maria Theresa dies; Joseph II inherits the crown of Bohemia and Hungary.
1780/--/-- 3 - Peruvian Indians under Tupac Amaru revolt against Spainish rule.
1780/--/-- 3 - The British under Clinton occupy Charleston, S.C. and capture the garrison.
1780/--/-- 3 - The Derby horse race is established in England.
1780/--/-- 3 - The Gordon Riots begin in London against Catholic emancipation.
1780/--/-- 3 - Venetian artist Francesco Guardi paints the Gondola on the Lagoon.
1781/--/-- 4 - American forces under Daniel Morgan defeat the British at the Battle of Cowpens.
1781/--/-- 4 - English astronomer William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus.
1781/--/-- 4 - German philosopher Immanuel Kant publishes his Critique of Pure Reason.
1781/--/-- 4 - The British defeat Hyder Ali the Muslim ruler of Mysore (now Karnataka) in India.
1781/--/-- 4 - The British under Cornwallis surrender to the Americans at Yorktown.
1781/--/-- 4 - The French aid Washington in the siege of Yorktown.
1782/--/-- 5 *** Lafever, Cathereena [Sister] - Born to Lafever, Abraham and Zink, Catherina Washington County Virginia
1782/--/-- 5 - Henry Grattan's Patriot party achieves legislative independence for Ireland.
1782/--/-- 5 - Kamehameha I begins a ten-year war for control of Hawaii.
1782/--/-- 5 - Peace talks open in Paris between Britain and America.
1782/--/-- 5 - Pierre Choderlos de Laclos writes Les Liaisons Dangereuses.
1782/--/-- 5 - Rama I founds the Chakkri dynasty in Siam (Thailand) with Bangkok as its capital.
1782/--/-- 5 - The design for the Great Seal of the United States is adopted by the Continental Congress.
1782/--/-- 5 - Tippu Sultan succeeds his father as ruler of Mysore (now Karnataka) in India.
1783/--/-- 6 - An earthquake kills 30,000 people at Calabria in Italy.
1783/--/-- 6 - Britain cedes all lands west to Mississippi River
1783/--/-- 6 - Britain recognizes the independence of the United States at the Treaty of Paris.
1783/--/-- 6 - British forces abandon New York, their last stronghold in North America.
1783/--/-- 6 - French scientist Jacques Charles demonstrates the first hydrogen-inflated balloon.
1783/--/-- 6 - Peace Treaty ends Revolutionary War
1783/--/-- 6 - Revolutionary War Ends
1783/--/-- 6 - Russia gains control of the Crimea after three centuries of Turkish rule.
1783/--/-- 6 - The British return Florida to Spain under the terms of the Treaty of Paris.
1783/--/-- 6 - The Montgolfier brothers make the first manned flight in a hot air balloon.
1783/--/-- 6 - William Pitt (the Younger) becomes prime minister of Britain at age 24.
1783/--/-- 6 - William Pitt II becomes English Prime Minister at 24
1784/--/-- 7 - American inventor Oliver Evans develops the first automated flour mill.
1784/--/-- 7 - Ben Franklin invents bifocal eyeglasses
1784/--/-- 7 - French dramatist Caron de Beaumarchais writes the Marriage of Figaro.
1784/--/-- 7 - French neoclassical artist Jacques Louis David paints The Oath of Horatii.
1784/--/-- 7 - Grigory Shelekhov founds the first Russian colony in America at Kodiak Island, Alaska.
1784/--/-- 7 - Thomas Jefferson's proposes a ban on slavery in the western territories.
1785/--/-- 8 *** Lafever, David [Brother] - Born to Lafever, Abraham and Zink, Catherina Washington County VA
1785/--/-- 8 - English poet William Cowper publishes The Task.
1785/--/-- 8 - French navigator La Perouse sails to the Pacific to find the Northwest Passage.
1785/--/-- 8 - Jean Pierre Blanchard makes the first balloon flight across the English Channel.
1785/--/-- 8 - New York City becomes the temporary capital of the United States.
1785/--/-- 8 - Newspaper publisher John Walter founds The Times of London.
1786/--/-- 9 - Daniel Shays leads a rebellion against the state government in Massachusetts.
1786/--/-- 9 - First ice cream made commercially in NYC
1786/--/-- 9 - Francisco de Goya becomes court painter to Charles III of Spain.
1786/--/-- 9 - Frederick II dies; he is succeeded by his son Frederick William II as king of Prussia.
1786/--/-- 9 - Lord Cornwallis succeeds Warren Hastings as governor-general of India.
1786/--/-- 9 - Robert Burns publishes Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish dialect.
1786/--/-- 9 - Shay's Rebellion, MASS
1786/--/-- 9 - Singapore, Penang and Melaka are ceded to Britain as the Straits Settlements.
1786/--/-- 9 - Swiss climbers make the first ascent of Mount Blanc.
1787/--/-- 10 - Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison write the first Federalist essays.
1787/--/-- 10 - American inventor John Fitch launches a steam-powered ferry boat on the Delaware.
1787/--/-- 10 - Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart writes the opera Don Giovanni.
1787/--/-- 10 - British reformer William Wilberforce declares his aims to abolish slavery.
1787/--/-- 10 - Constitutional Convention
1787/--/-- 10 - Henry Holland builds the first Royal Pavilion at Brighton for the Prince Regent.
1787/--/-- 10 - Royall Tyler's The Contrast becomes the first stage comedy to be produced in the U.S.
1787/--/-- 10 - The Assembly of Notables is summoned by Louis XVI to reform French taxation.
1787/--/-- 10 - The British found Freetown and establish Sierra Leone as a colony for freed slaves.
1787/--/-- 10 - The Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia to draw up a U.S. Constitution.
1787/--/-- 10 - The Continental Congress excludes slavery from the Northwest Territory.
1787/--/-- 10 - The Marylebone Cricket Club (M.C.C.) is formed in London, England.
1787/--/-- 10 - Turkey declares war on Russia, beginning a new Russo-Turkish War.
1788/--/-- 11 - "The Federalist" published
1788/--/-- 11 - A crop failure in France leads to bread riots.
1788/--/-- 11 - Austria joins Russia in the war against Turkey.
1788/--/-- 11 - Captain Arthur Phillip founds the first Australian penal colony at Sydney Cove.
1788/--/-- 11 - Constitution ratified
1788/--/-- 11 - French physicist Lagrange publishes his Analytical Mechanics.
1788/--/-- 11 - George III of England has his first attack of mental illness.
1788/--/-- 11 - Mozart composes 3 symphonies: E-flat, G minor and Jupiter in less than 7 weeks.
1788/--/-- 11 - Swedish forces under Gustav III attack Russia.
1788/--/-- 11 - Warren Hastings is impeached for maladministration in India.
1789/--/-- 12 - A National Assembly is declared in France, ending the power of the States-General.
1789/--/-- 12 - Alexander Hamilton becomes the first U.S. secretary of the treasury.
1789/--/-- 12 - Austrian forces capture Belgrade from the Turks.
1789/--/-- 12 - Bill of Rights adopted
1789/--/-- 12 - English poet and artist William Blake publishes Songs of Innocence.
1789/--/-- 12 - French Revolution begins
1789/--/-- 12 - French sculptor Jean Antoine Houdon makes busts of Jefferson and Washington.
1789/--/-- 12 - George Washington (Federalist) becomes president of the United States
1789/--/-- 12 - Jeremy Bentham publishes An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation.
1789/--/-- 12 - Louis XVI is forced to capitulate; France becomes a constitutional monarchy.
1789/--/-- 12 - Mutinous sailors seize H.M.S. Bounty and take refuge on Pitcairn Island.
1789/--/-- 12 - The Federalist party is formed by supporters of the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.
1789/--/-- 12 - The French National Assembly formulates a Declaration of the Rights of Man.
1789/--/-- 12 - The French Revolution begins with an attack on the Bastille.
1789/--/-- 12 - The Supreme Court of the United States is founded with John Jay as Chief Justice.
1789/--/-- 12 - The Tammany Hall political organization is founded in New York.
1789/--/-- 12 - The first national Thanksgiving Day is celebrated in the U.S.
1789/--/-- 12 - Tippu Sultan begins the Third Mysore War against the British in India.
1789/--/-- 12 - Washington is elected as the first U.S. president; John Adams becomes vice-president.
1789/--/-- 12 - Wm. Blake publishes "Songs of Innocence"
1790/--/-- 13 - Leopold II succeeds Joseph II as Holy Roman Emperor.
1790/--/-- 13 - New England captains extend whaling into the Pacific Ocean about this time.
1790/--/-- 13 - Philadelphia replaces New York as the temporary capital of the U.S.
1790/--/-- 13 - Seat of government moves from NYC to Philadelphia
1790/--/-- 13 - Sweden and Russia sign a peace treaty.
1790/--/-- 13 - The New York Stock Exchange is founded.
1790/--/-- 13 - The bolero Spanish dance is introduced about this time.
1790/--/-- 13 - Thomas Jefferson proposes a decimal (metric) system; Congress rejects the suggestion.
1791/--/-- 14 - Austria returns Belgrade to the Turks.
1791/--/-- 14 - Chinese author Ts'ao Hsueh-ch'in publishes The Dream of the Red Chamber.
1791/--/-- 14 - Emperor Joseph II ends the war between Austria and Turkey.
1791/--/-- 14 - James Boswell publishes his Life of Samuel Johnson.
1791/--/-- 14 - Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are captured while trying to leave France.
1791/--/-- 14 - Marquis de Sade writes the novel Justine from his prison cell.
1791/--/-- 14 - Miami Indian chief Little Turtle defeats an American force under General Arthur St. Clair.
1791/--/-- 14 - Mozart's opera The Magic Flute is performed for the first time.
1791/--/-- 14 - Pierre Charles L'Enfant designs the new U.S. capital of Washington, D.C.
1791/--/-- 14 - The Bill of Rights (the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution) is ratified.
1791/--/-- 14 - The First Bank of the United States is founded.
1791/--/-- 14 - The Province of Quebec is divided into Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
1791/--/-- 14 - Thomas Paine publishes The Rights of Man in defense of the French revolution.
1791/--/-- 14 - Thomas Sheraton publishes The Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer's Drawing Book.
1791/--/-- 14 - Tom Paine "The Rights of Man"
1791/--/-- 14 - Toussaint l'Ouverture leads a slave revolt in Haiti against the French.
1791/--/-- 14 - Vermont becomes the 14th state of the Union.
1792/--/-- 15 - Architect James Hoban wins the competition to design the White House.
1792/--/-- 15 - Charles Bulfinch designs the Connecticut State House (now Hartford City Hall).
1792/--/-- 15 - First U.S. Trade Union of shoemakers
1792/--/-- 15 - France declares war on Austria and Prussia, beginning the French Revolutionary Wars.
1792/--/-- 15 - Francis II succeeds Leopold II to become the last Holy Roman Emperor.
1792/--/-- 15 - George Washington is reelected as president.
1792/--/-- 15 - German philosopher Fichte writes an Essay toward a Critique of All Revelations.
1792/--/-- 15 - Gustav III of Sweden is assassinated at a masquerade in Stockholm.
1792/--/-- 15 - Jefferson leads the Democratic-Republican party in opposition to the Federalists.
1792/--/-- 15 - Kentucky becomes the 15th state of the Union.
1792/--/-- 15 - Mary Wollstonecraft publishes A Vindication of the Rights of Women.
1792/--/-- 15 - New insurrections begin in France; Louis XVI is imprisoned by the Commune of Paris.
1792/--/-- 15 - Russia and Prussia invade Poland, which is still recovering from the Partition of 1772.
1792/--/-- 15 - Swiss scientist Aime Argand develops a practical oil lamp using a tubular wick.
1792/--/-- 15 - The Columbia River is discovered by Boston trader Robert Gray.
1792/--/-- 15 - The French Republic adopts the guillotine as a uniform method of execution.
1792/--/-- 15 - The French under Dumouriez halt the Prussians and defeat the Austrians at Jemappes.
1792/--/-- 15 - The National Convention proclaims France a Republic.
1792/--/-- 15 - The Treaty of Jasso ends the Russo-Turkish War.
1792/--/-- 15 - The dollar is selected as the U.S. unit of currency.
1792/--/-- 15 - Thomas Paine publishes the Rights of Man and is outlawed for treason in England.
1793/--/-- 16 - Britain, Holland, Spain and Sardinia form a new anti-French coalition.
1793/--/-- 16 - Eli Whitney invents cotton gin; revives dying slave economy of South
1793/--/-- 16 - Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin.
1793/--/-- 16 - France adopts the metric system of measurement.
1793/--/-- 16 - France raises the first national army of conscripts to oppose the Coalition forces.
1793/--/-- 16 - French King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette executed
1793/--/-- 16 - French revolutionary Jean Paul Marat is murdered by Charlotte Corday.
1793/--/-- 16 - Fugitive Slave Act
1793/--/-- 16 - George Washington lays the cornerstone for the Capitol building in Washington D.C.
1793/--/-- 16 - J.-L. David paints "The Dead Marat"
1793/--/-- 16 - Jean Pierre Blanchard makes the first U.S. balloon flight in Philadelphia.
1793/--/-- 16 - Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are executed; the Reign of Terror begins in France.
1793/--/-- 16 - Russia and Prussia seize Polish lands as part of the Second Partition of Poland.
1794/--/-- 17 - Ann Ward Radcliffe publishes her gothic novel The Mysteries of Udolpho.
1794/--/-- 17 - French engineer Claude Chappe invents the semaphore signaling system.
1794/--/-- 17 - Jay's Treaty settles disputes between Britain and the U.S.
1794/--/-- 17 - Militia under General Henry Lee suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in Pennsylvania.
1794/--/-- 17 - Robespierre's execution ends the Reign of Terror in France; the Thermidorian Reaction begins.
1794/--/-- 17 - Tadeusz Kosciuszko leads a revolt of Polish peasants against Russia.
1794/--/-- 17 - The British occupy the French island of Corsica for a two-year period.
1794/--/-- 17 - The Qajar (Kajar) dynasty is founded in Persia (Iran).
1794/--/-- 17 - U.S. forces under Anthony Wayne defeat the Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
1795/--/-- 18 - American artist Charles Wilson Peale paints the Staircase group.
1795/--/-- 18 - Austrian composer Franz Josef Haydn completes the 12 London symphonies.
1795/--/-- 18 - France claims the island of Hispaniola.
1795/--/-- 18 - Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the insurrectionists in Paris.
1795/--/-- 18 - Prussia and Spain sue for peace with France.
1795/--/-- 18 - Scottish explorer Mungo Park reaches the Gambia and Niger Rivers.
1795/--/-- 18 - Scottish geologist James Hutton publishes his Theory of the Earth.
1795/--/-- 18 - Spain recognizes U.S. claims to West Florida (Mississippi).
1795/--/-- 18 - Stanislaw II abdicates as the last king of Poland.
1795/--/-- 18 - The British capture Cape Province (South Africa) from the Dutch.
1795/--/-- 18 - The Constitution of 1795 establishes a Directory to rule France.
1795/--/-- 18 - The Methodists separate from the Church of England.
1795/--/-- 18 - The final Partition of Poland is made among Russia, Prussia and Austria.
1796/--/-- 19 *** Ard, Nancy (Lafever) & Lafever, Andrew G. [Brother] - Married married at Washington, VA
1796/--/-- 19 - English novelist Fanny Burney publishes Camilla.
1796/--/-- 19 - English physician Edward Jenner develops vaccination against smallpox.
1796/--/-- 19 - George Washington declines to serve as president for a third term.
1796/--/-- 19 - Gilbert Stuart paints a portrait of Washington (used later on the dollar bill).
1796/--/-- 19 - John Adams is elected as the 2nd U.S. president; Jefferson becomes vice-president.
1796/--/-- 19 - Napoleon defeats the Austrian and Sardinian armies in Italy.
1796/--/-- 19 - Napoleon marries Josephine, the widow of the vicomte de Beauharnais.
1796/--/-- 19 - Napoleon restores Corsica to French rule.
1796/--/-- 19 - Samuel Hahnemann publishes his findings on homeopathic treatment.
1796/--/-- 19 - Spain sides with France in the war against Britain.
1796/--/-- 19 - Tennessee becomes the 16th state of the Union.
1796/--/-- 19 - The British seize Ceylon (Sri Lanka) from the Dutch.
1797/--/-- 20 *** Lafever, Zachariah [Nephew] - Born to Lafever, Andrew G. and Ard, Nancy (Lafever)
1797/--/-- 20 - Austria cedes the Austrian Netherlands (present-day Belgium) to France.
1797/--/-- 20 - British wood engraver Thomas Bewick publishes A History of British Birds.
1797/--/-- 20 - David Thompson surveys the Mississippi headwaters for the North West Company.
1797/--/-- 20 - John Adams (Federalist) becomes president of the United States
1797/--/-- 20 - Nelson defeats the Spanish fleet at Cape St. Vincent, and the Dutch at Camperdown.
1797/--/-- 20 - The British capture the Spanish colony of Trinidad.
1797/--/-- 20 - The Directory appoint Talleyrand as minister of foreign affairs for France.
1797/--/-- 20 - The Treaty of Campo Formio ends the war of the First Coalition against France.
1797/--/-- 20 - The Venetian Republic is dissolved; Venice is ruled by Austria.
1798/--/-- 21 - Alien and Sedition Act
1798/--/-- 21 - America's first professional author Charles Brockden Brown publishes Wieland.
1798/--/-- 21 - Britain, Austria, Russia and Turkey form a Second Coalition against France.
1798/--/-- 21 - Economist Thomas Malthus publishes An Essay on the Principle of Population.
1798/--/-- 21 - Eli Whitney uses early mass production techniques to manufacture muskets.
1798/--/-- 21 - French armies occupy Rome and invade Switzerland, creating the Helvetic Republic.
1798/--/-- 21 - Haydn composes "The Creation"
1798/--/-- 21 - Lord Wellesley becomes governor-general of India.
1798/--/-- 21 - Napoleon's army invades Egypt and defeats the Mamelukes at the Battle of the Pyramids.
1798/--/-- 21 - The French fleet is destroyed by Nelson at Abukir Bay, cutting off Napoleon's forces in Egypt.
1798/--/-- 21 - The U.S. Congress passes the controversial Alien and Sedition Acts.
1798/--/-- 21 - The XYZ Affair leads to the Quasi War between France and the U.S.
1798/--/-- 21 - The territory of Mississippi becomes part of the United States.
1798/--/-- 21 - William Wordsworth publishes Lyrical Ballads with Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
1798/--/-- 21 - Wolfe Tone leads a revolt against the British by the Society of United Irishmen.
1799/--/-- 22 *** Lafever, John [Nephew] - Born to Lafever, Andrew G. and Ard, Nancy (Lafever)
1799/--/-- 22 - A 33,000 year-old frozen mammoth is discovered at the Lena River in Russia.
1799/--/-- 22 - Britain becomes the first nation to introduce a national income tax.
1799/--/-- 22 - City Hotel, the first American structure designed as a hotel, opens in New York.
1799/--/-- 22 - Humboldt and Bonpland begin their scientific expedition in South American.
1799/--/-- 22 - Napoleon attacks Syria to prevent a Turkish invasion of Egypt, but is defeated at Acre.
1799/--/-- 22 - Napoleon becomes Consul
1799/--/-- 22 - Napoleon returns to France as first consul; the Consulate replaces the Directory.
1799/--/-- 22 - Ranjit Singh establishes a Sikh kingdom in northwest India.
1799/--/-- 22 - Russian forces under Suvorov defeat the French in Italy, but are held at Zurich.
1799/--/-- 22 - The Rosetta Stone, the key to deciphering hieroglyphics, is discovered in Egypt.
1799/--/-- 22 - The Russian-American Company is founded to administer the Alaskan fur trade.
1799/--/-- 22 - Tippu Sultan is killed in battle with the British; the Mysore empire is destroyed.
1800/--/-- 23 - Black slave Gabriel leads an abortive uprising near Richmond, Virginia.
1800/--/-- 23 - France regains Louisiana from Spain under the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso.
1800/--/-- 23 - Italian physicist Alessandro Volta invents the first electric battery.
1800/--/-- 23 - Jefferson defeats Adams in the U.S. presidential election, but ties with Burr.
1800/--/-- 23 - Johnny Appleseed (John Chapman) arrives in the Ohio River valley around this time.
1800/--/-- 23 - Library of Congress founded
1800/--/-- 23 - Madame de Stael publishes The Influence of Literature Upon Society.
1800/--/-- 23 - Napoleon commissions Cambaceres to develop the Napoleonic Code of law.
1800/--/-- 23 - Napoleon defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Marengo.
1800/--/-- 23 - Seat of government moves from Philadelphia to Washington, DC
1800/--/-- 23 - The Library of Congress is founded in Washington D.C.
1800/--/-- 23 - The seat of U.S. government is transferred to Washington, D.C.
1800/--/-- 23 - Volta invents electric battery
1801/--/-- 24 - Alexander I becomes emperor of Russia after the murder of his father Paul I.
1801/--/-- 24 - Barbary pirates begin the Tripolitan War; a U.S. squadron sails to the Mediterranean.
1801/--/-- 24 - Castlereagh secures passage of the Act of Union, which unites Britain and Ireland.
1801/--/-- 24 - Chemists Proust and Berthollet debate the constancy of chemical composition.
1801/--/-- 24 - Jefferson is selected as the 3rd U.S. president; Burr becomes vice-president.
1801/--/-- 24 - Nelson defeats the Danish fleet at Copenhagen.
1801/--/-- 24 - Robert Fulton demonstrates his 3-man submarine the Nautilus.
1801/--/-- 24 - The British defeat Napoleon's army of Egypt at Alexandria.
1801/--/-- 24 - The Peace of Luneville ends the war between France and Austria.
1801/--/-- 24 - The Union Jack becomes the official flag of the United Kingdom.
1801/--/-- 24 - Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) becomes president of the United States
1802/--/-- 25 - Alexander von Humboldt climbs Mt. Chimborazo, setting a world height record.
1802/--/-- 25 - American artist Benjamin West paints Death on a Pale Horse.
1802/--/-- 25 - Britain returns the island of Minorca to Spain.
1802/--/-- 25 - Napoleon is created First Consul for life.
1802/--/-- 25 - The French capture Haitian leader Toussaint, but are defeated by Christophe.
1802/--/-- 25 - The Treaty of Amiens brings a temporary halt to the French Revolutionary Wars.
1803/--/-- 26 *** Lafever, Eli [Nephew] - Born to Lafever, Andrew G. and Ard, Nancy (Lafever)
1803/--/-- 26 - Britain declares war on France, beginning the Napoleonic Wars.
1803/--/-- 26 - Britain establishes a new penal colony on Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania).
1803/--/-- 26 - Dalton devises table of elements
1803/--/-- 26 - English scientist John Dalton describes his atomic theory.
1803/--/-- 26 - France sells Louisiana to the U.S.
1803/--/-- 26 - Matthew Flinders completes the first circumnavigation of Australia.
1803/--/-- 26 - Ohio is inaugurated as the l7th state of the Union.
1803/--/-- 26 - Robert Emmet leads an Irish rebellion in Dublin; he is captured and executed.
1804/--/-- 27 - American politician Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
1804/--/-- 27 - Dessalines declares Haitian independence and names himself Emperor Jacques I.
1804/--/-- 27 - English engineer Richard Trevithick builds the first steam locomotive.
1804/--/-- 27 - Francis II assumes the title of emperor of Austria.
1804/--/-- 27 - Fulani leader Usman dan Fodio leads a holy war against the Hausa in Nigeria.
1804/--/-- 27 - Jefferson is reelected as U.S. president; Clinton becomes vice-president.
1804/--/-- 27 - Lewis and Clark expedition encounters Native Americans
1804/--/-- 27 - Lewis and Clarke Expedition
1804/--/-- 27 - Meriwether Lewis and William Clark begin exploring the American north-west.
1804/--/-- 27 - Napoleon becomes Emperor
1804/--/-- 27 - Napoleon crowns himself emperor of France.
1804/--/-- 27 - Serbian nationalists revolt against the Turks.
1804/--/-- 27 - Stephen Decatur leads a U.S. navy skirmish into Tripoli harbor.
1805/--/-- 28 *** Lafever, America [Niece] - Born to Lafever, Andrew G. and Ard, Nancy (Lafever)
1805/--/-- 28 - American explorers Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Ocean.
1805/--/-- 28 - Austria sues for peace with France at the Treaty of Pressburg.
1805/--/-- 28 - Britain, Austria, Russia and Sweden form a Third Coalition against France.
1805/--/-- 28 - Muhammad Ali is appointed Pasha (governor) of Egypt by the Ottoman sultan.
1805/--/-- 28 - Nelson defeats the Franco-Spanish fleet at Trafalgar, but is killed during the action.
1805/--/-- 28 - The French defeat Austro-Russian forces at the Battle of Austerlitz.
1805/--/-- 28 - The Shawnee Prophet, brother of Tecumseh, begins planning an Indian uprising.
1806/--/-- 29 - Emperor Jacques I is assassinated; Haiti is divided between Christophe and Petion.
1806/--/-- 29 - Napoleon begins the Continental System, closing European ports to British vessels.
1806/--/-- 29 - Napoleon forces the abdication of Francis II; the Holy Roman Empire is dissolved.
1806/--/-- 29 - Noah Webster publishes "Compendious" Dictionary of the English Language"
1806/--/-- 29 - Prussia joins the Coalition against France, but is defeated at Jena-Auerstadt.
1806/--/-- 29 - Revolutionary leader Francisco de Miranda makes an abortive invasion of Venezuela.
1806/--/-- 29 - The British employ Congreve rockets against a French invasion fleet.
1806/--/-- 29 - U.S. explorer Zebulon Pike is sent west to descend the Red River.
1806/--/-- 29 - William Murdock installs gas lighting in a Manchester cotton mill.
1807/--/-- 30 *** Lafever, Abraham [Father] - Died Wayne County KY
1807/--/-- 30 - Aaron Burr is tried for treason and acquitted.
1807/--/-- 30 - Beethoven completes his Fifth Symphony and begins the Sixth (Pastoral).
1807/--/-- 30 - British chemist Humphry Davy discovers the elements potassium and sodium.
1807/--/-- 30 - Congress passes the Embargo Act in response to interference with U.S. shipping.
1807/--/-- 30 - German philosopher Hegel publishes The Phenomenology of the Spirit.
1807/--/-- 30 - Napoleon defeats the Russian armies; Russia and Prussia sue for peace at Tilsit.
1807/--/-- 30 - Portugal refuses to observe the blockade against England; France invades Portugal.
1807/--/-- 30 - Robert Fulton's steamship the Clermont makes its maiden voyage.
1807/--/-- 30 - Sir Humphry Davy discovers the elements potassium and sodium
1807/--/-- 30 - The Janissaries depose Sultan Selim III and place Mustafa IV on the Ottoman throne.
1807/--/-- 30 - The U.S. frigate Chesapeake is involved in an incident with a British man-of-war.
1807/--/-- 30 - The slave trade is outlawed throughout the British Empire.
1808/--/-- 31 - Beethoven composes "Fifth Symphony"
1808/--/-- 31 - Congress prohibits importing of African slaves
1808/--/-- 31 - Francisco de Goya paints The Third of May, depicting the cruelty of war.
1808/--/-- 31 - French chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac isolates the element boron.
1808/--/-- 31 - German artist Caspar David Friedrich exhibits The Cross in the Mountains.
1808/--/-- 31 - Japanese artist Buncho paints True View of Mount Hiko.
1808/--/-- 31 - John Jacob Astor founds the American Fur Company.
1808/--/-- 31 - Napoleon appoints his brother Joseph as king of Spain.
1808/--/-- 31 - Napoleon occupys Spain
1808/--/-- 31 - The British under Wellington aid Portugal against France in the Peninsular War.
1809/--/-- 32 *** Lafever, Catherine [Niece] - Born to Lafever, Andrew G. and Ard, Nancy (Lafever)
1809/--/-- 32 - Frenchman Nicolas Appert develops the first effective method for canning food.
1809/--/-- 32 - German artists Overbeck and Pforr found the Nazarenes.
1809/--/-- 32 - James Madison (Democratic Republican) becomes president of the United States
1809/--/-- 32 - John Stevens' steamboat the Phoenix makes the first ocean-going voyage.
1809/--/-- 32 - Lamarck publishes his theories of evolution in Zoological Philosophy.
1809/--/-- 32 - Metternich draws Austria into the War of the Fifth Coalition against France.
1809/--/-- 32 - Napoleon annexes the Papal States and takes Pope Pius VII prisoner.
1809/--/-- 32 - Russia seizes Finland from Sweden; King Gustav IV Adolf abdicates.
1809/--/-- 32 - The French defeat the Austrians at Wagram; Francis II accepts the Treaty of Schonbrunn.
1810/--/-- 33 - A rebellion against Spain breaks out in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1810/--/-- 33 - American settlers rebel against the Spanish in West Florida.
1810/--/-- 33 - Kamehameha I becomes ruler of Hawaii and establishes the Kamehameha dynasty.
1810/--/-- 33 - Mexican priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla leads a rebellion against Spanish rule.
1810/--/-- 33 - Revolutions in Latin America lead to independent nations
1810/--/-- 33 - Separatists movements in Latin America
1810/--/-- 33 - The Krupp arms factory is established at Essen in Germany.
1810/--/-- 33 - Wellington's Anglo-Portuguese army holds the French on the outskirts of Lisbon.
1811/--/-- 34 *** Lafever, Asher [Nephew] - Born to Lafever, Andrew G. and Ard, Nancy (Lafever) born in Kentucky
1811/--/-- 34 - Bolivar and Miranda lead the Venezuelan congress in a declaration of independence.
1811/--/-- 34 - First steamboat to sail down Mississippi reaches New Orleans
1811/--/-- 34 - George III becomes mentally unstable; the Prince of Wales assumes power as regent.
1811/--/-- 34 - Henri Christophe declares himself king of northern Haiti.
1811/--/-- 34 - Italian chemist Amedeo Avogadro develops the concept known as Avogadro's law.
1811/--/-- 34 - Jane Austen "Sense and Sensibility"
1811/--/-- 34 - Jose Artigas raises a force to expel the Spanish from the Banda Oriental (Uruguay).
1811/--/-- 34 - Mexican rebel leader Hidalgo y Costilla is captured and executed.
1811/--/-- 34 - Native Americans defeated in Battle of Tippecanoe in Indiana Territory
1811/--/-- 34 - The Luddites riot in England against the mechanization of the textile industry.
1811/--/-- 34 - The building of the National Road, the first U.S. federal highway, begins in Maryland.
1811/--/-- 34 - The first rowing race in the United States is held in New York.
1811/--/-- 34 - The ruling Mameluke aristocracy is massacred in Cairo by Muhammad Ali.
1811/--/-- 34 - William Henry Harrison defeats the Shawnee Indians at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
1812/--/-- 35 - An earthquake destroys Caracas in Venezuela, killing 12,000.
1812/--/-- 35 - English caricaturist Thomas Rowlandson illustrates the Tour of Dr. Syntax.
1812/--/-- 35 - General William Hull surrenders Detroit to the British.
1812/--/-- 35 - Georges Cuvier develops his theory of catastrophism through the study of fossils.
1812/--/-- 35 - Grimm's Fairy Tales are published in Germany.
1812/--/-- 35 - John Nash begins the oriental conversion of the Royal Pavilion at Brighton.
1812/--/-- 35 - Louisiana is inaugurated as the 18th state of the Union.
1812/--/-- 35 - Napoleon defeated in Russia
1812/--/-- 35 - Napoleon invades Russia with 450,000 men.
1812/--/-- 35 - Napoleon's army retreats from Moscow; only 40,000 men reach France.
1812/--/-- 35 - Rebel leader Morelos y Pavon defeats the Mexican royalist forces at Oaxaca.
1812/--/-- 35 - Spanish forces defeat Bolivar and Miranda in Venezuela; Miranda is imprisoned.
1812/--/-- 35 - Stephen Decatur's frigate United States defeats the British frigate Macedonian.
1812/--/-- 35 - Swiss explorer Jakob Burckhardt rediscovers the ancient city of Petra.
1812/--/-- 35 - Territorial and shipping disputes lead to the War of 1812 between the U.S. and Britain.
1812/--/-- 35 - The French defeat the Russians at Borodino; Napoleon occupies Moscow.
1812/--/-- 35 - The U.S. Navy frigate Constitution defeats 2 British frigates.
1812/--/-- 35 - The ancient city of Petra (now in present-day Jordan) is rediscovered by Johann Burckhardt.
1812/--/-- 35 - The first coal gas generating station is chartered in London to provide gas lighting.
1812/--/-- 35 - War of 1812 Begins
1812/--/-- 35 - Wellington defeats the French at the Battle of Salamanca in Spain.
1813/--/-- 36 - 14 Luddites are hanged at York in England.
1813/--/-- 36 - English novelist Jane Austen publishes Pride and Prejudice.
1813/--/-- 36 - James Wilkinson captures a fort at Mobile, the last Spanish possession in West Florida.
1813/--/-- 36 - Napoleon is defeated at the Battle of Leipzig by the Sixth Coalition.
1813/--/-- 36 - Oliver Hazard Perry's ships destroy the British fleet on Lake Erie.
1813/--/-- 36 - British Indian leader Tecumseh is killed in the Battle of the Thames.
1813/--/-- 36 - Rebel forces invade Venezuela and capture Caracas; Bolivar is declared the Liberator.
1813/--/-- 36 - Robert Southey is made poet laureate of England.
1813/--/-- 36 - Wellington defeats the French in Spain at Vitoria and invades southern France.
1813/--/-- 36 - William Henry Harrison defeats the British at the Battle of the Thames.
1814/--/-- 37 *** Lafever, Andrew Wesley [Nephew] - Born to Lafever, Andrew G. and Ard, Nancy (Lafever) Wayne County Kentucky
1814/--/-- 37 - Actor Edmund Kean makes his debut as Shylock in The Merchant of Venice.
1814/--/-- 37 - Andrew Jackson annihilates the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
1814/--/-- 37 - Andrew Jackson crushes Creek Resistance in South
1814/--/-- 37 - British forces burn Washington, D.C., but are repulsed at Fort McHenry.
1814/--/-- 37 - Coalition armies invade France; Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to the island of Elba.
1814/--/-- 37 - French artist Ingres paints The Grand Odalisque.
1814/--/-- 37 - George Stephenson constructs his first steam locomotive.
1814/--/-- 37 - Louis XVIII assumes the French throne.
1814/--/-- 37 - New England states discuss their secession from the Union at the Hartford Convention.
1814/--/-- 37 - Pope Pius VII returns to Rome; the Jesuit order is reestablished.
1814/--/-- 37 - The Treaty of Ghent ends the War of 1812 between the U.S. and Britain.
1814/--/-- 37 - Treaty of Ghent
1814/--/-- 37 - U.S. forces under Thomas Macdonough destroy the British fleet on Lake Champlain.
1815/--/-- 38 - French Monarchy re-established
1815/--/-- 38 - Napoleon escapes from Elba and marches on Paris during the Hundred Days.
1815/--/-- 38 - Napoleon is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo; he is exiled to the island of Saint Helena.
1815/--/-- 38 - The Americans defeat the British at New Orleans before news of peace arrives.
1815/--/-- 38 - The Barbary States sue for peace with the U.S.
1815/--/-- 38 - The Spanish army reconquers Venezuela; Bolivar flees to Jamaica.
1815/--/-- 38 - The Spanish capture and execute the Mexican rebel leader Morelos y Pavon.
1815/--/-- 38 - The first Gurkha regiment is formed by the British army.
1815/--/-- 38 - War of 1812 Ends
1816/--/-- 39 *** Lafever, James [Nephew] - Born to Lafever, Andrew G. and Ard, Nancy (Lafever)
1816/--/-- 39 - Gioacchino Rossini's opera The Barber of Seville is performed in Rome.
1816/--/-- 39 - Indiana is inaugurated as the 19th state of the Union.
1816/--/-- 39 - Maria I of Portugal dies; she is succeeded by John VI who remains in exile in Brazil.
1816/--/-- 39 - Nepal is made a protectorate of British India.
1816/--/-- 39 - Shaka begins establishing the Zulu empire in South Africa.
1816/--/-- 39 - The British Museum buys the Elgin Marbles (smuggled from Greece by Lord Elgin).
1816/--/-- 39 - The United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata (Argentina) declare independence.
1817/--/-- 40 - Construction begins on Erie Canal in New York
1817/--/-- 40 - Construction of the Erie Canal begins in New York State.
1817/--/-- 40 - First Seminole War
1817/--/-- 40 - French physician Rene Laennec invents the stethoscope.
1817/--/-- 40 - James Monroe (Democratic Republican) becomes president of the United States
1817/--/-- 40 - Jose de San Martin and Bernardo O'Higgins defeat the Spanish in Chile.
1817/--/-- 40 - Mississippi is inaugurated as the 20th state of the Union.
1817/--/-- 40 - Monroe is inaugurated as the 5th U.S. president; Tompkins becomes vice-president.
1817/--/-- 40 - Sir Walter Scott writes the Scottish adventure novel Rob Roy.
1818/--/-- 41 - Arthur Schopenhauer publishes The World as Will and Representation.
1818/--/-- 41 - Bernardo O'Higgins becomes the supreme director of independent Chile.
1818/--/-- 41 - Composer Franz Schubert becomes the music teacher to Count Esterhazy's family.
1818/--/-- 41 - English chemist Sir Humphry Davy invents the miner's safety lamp.
1818/--/-- 41 - Illinois is inaugurated as the 21st state of the Union.
1818/--/-- 41 - John Keats "Endymion"
1818/--/-- 41 - Mary Wollstonecroft Shelley publishes the horror novel Frankenstein.
1818/--/-- 41 - Sir John Ross sails in search of the Northwest Passage.
1818/--/-- 41 - Thomas Love Peacock publishes his comic novel Nightmare Abbey.
1818/--/-- 41 - Treaty with Britain sets 49th parallel
1819/--/-- 42 - Alabama is inaugurated as the 22nd state of the Union.
1819/--/-- 42 - American artist Washington Allston paints Moonlit Landscape.
1819/--/-- 42 - Bolivar defeats the Spanish in Colombia at the Battle of Boyaca.
1819/--/-- 42 - Lord Byron begins his satirical poem Don Juan.
1819/--/-- 42 - Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles acquires Singapore for the East India Company.
1819/--/-- 42 - Spain surrenders East and West Florida to the U.S. in the Adams-Onis Treaty.
1819/--/-- 42 - The Prado Museum is inaugurated in Madrid.
1819/--/-- 42 - The Savannah becomes the first steamship to cross the Atlantic.
1819/--/-- 42 - Treaty with Spain sets boundaries
1820/--/-- 43 - Carbonari Italian nationalists rebel against the rule of Ferdinand I in Naples.
1820/--/-- 43 - English poet John Keats writes Ode To a Nightingale.
1820/--/-- 43 - English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley writes Prometheus Unbound.
1820/--/-- 43 - Fed offers land at $1.25 an acre
1820/--/-- 43 - French navigator Dumont d'Urville discovers the Venus de Milo on the island of Melos.
1820/--/-- 43 - French poet Alphonse de Lamartine publishes Meditations Poetiques.
1820/--/-- 43 - Henri Christophe commits suicide; Haiti is united under Jean Pierre Boyer.
1820/--/-- 43 - Juan Manuel de Rosas becomes the virtual dictator of Argentina.
1820/--/-- 43 - Maine is inaugurated as the 23rd state of the Union.
1820/--/-- 43 - Missouri Compromise
1820/--/-- 43 - Percy Bysshe Shelly "Prometheus Unbound"
1820/--/-- 43 - Russian Admiral Fabian von Bellingshausen sights land in the Antarctic.
1820/--/-- 43 - Stephen H. Long explores the Rocky Mountain region.
1820/--/-- 43 - The Missouri Compromise admits Missouri to the Union as a slave state.
1820/--/-- 43 - The Prince Regent becomes King George IV on the death of George III.
1820/--/-- 43 - The first American missionaries are admitted to Hawaii.
1820/--/-- 43 - The first free American slaves to be resettled in Africa land in Liberia.
1820/--/-- 43 - U.S. navy hero Stephen Decatur is killed in a duel.
1820/--/-- 43 - Washington Irving publishes Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.
1821/--/-- 44 - American captain John Davis is the first to land on the continent of Antarctica.
1821/--/-- 44 - Bolivar forms Gran Colombia (Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela and Panama).
1821/--/-- 44 - Brazil annexes the Banda Oriental (Uruguay).
1821/--/-- 44 - English landscape artist John Constable paints The Hay Wain.
1821/--/-- 44 - King John VI is reinstated on the Portuguese throne.
1821/--/-- 44 - Mexican Independence
1821/--/-- 44 - Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic rotation
1821/--/-- 44 - Missouri Compromise
1821/--/-- 44 - Missouri is inaugurated as the 24th state of the Union.
1821/--/-- 44 - Napoleon dies on Saint Helena.
1821/--/-- 44 - Revolutionary general San Martin enters Lima and declares Peru independent.
1821/--/-- 44 - Revolutionary leader Iturbide declares Mexican independence from Spain.
1821/--/-- 44 - Simon Bolivar defeats the Spanish forces in Venezuela and Ecuador.
1821/--/-- 44 - The Cherokee Indian Sequoya develops the Cherokee written language.
1821/--/-- 44 - The Greek War of Independence begins against Turkey.
1821/--/-- 44 - Thomas de Quincey's Confessions of an English Opium Eater is published.
1821/07/09 44 - George IV crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Char
1822/--/-- 45 - American surgeon William Beaumont begins his study of the gastric process.
1822/--/-- 45 - Antonio Jose de Sucre defeats the Spanish in Ecuador at the Battle of Pichincha.
1822/--/-- 45 - British statesman Lord Castlereagh commits suicide.
1822/--/-- 45 - Denmark Vesey leads a slave revolt in Charleston; 35 blacks are executed.
1822/--/-- 45 - Dom Pedro, son of Portuguese King John VI, declares Brazil independent.
1822/--/-- 45 - Egyptian leader Muhammad Ali completes the conquest of northern Sudan.
1822/--/-- 45 - French scholar Jean Francois Champollion deciphers the Rosetta Stone hieroglyphics.
1823/--/-- 46 - Charles Babbage begins work on his difference engine, a precursor of the computer.
1823/--/-- 46 - Charles Lamb publishes his Essays of Elia in The London Magazine.
1823/--/-- 46 - Charles Macintosh patents the waterproof fabric used in mackintosh raincoats.
1823/--/-- 46 - General Santa Anna leads a coup against Mexican Emperor Agustin I (Iturbide).
1823/--/-- 46 - James Fenimore Cooper publishes the first volume of The Leatherstocking Tales.
1823/--/-- 46 - Japanese artist Hokusai begins a series of Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji.
1823/--/-- 46 - Ludwig van Beethoven completes his 9th Symphony.
1823/--/-- 46 - Monroe Doctrine
1823/--/-- 46 - Rugby football originates at Rugby School in England.
1823/--/-- 46 - The Monroe Doctrine warns Europe not to interfere in the Americas.
1824/--/-- 47 *** Zink, Catherina [Mother] - Died Wayne County KY
1824/--/-- 47 - De Sucre defeats the Spanish at the Battle of Ayacucho, liberating Peru.
1824/--/-- 47 - Disputes over the border of India lead to war between Britain and Burma.
1824/--/-- 47 - English poet Lord Byron travels to Greece to aid the patriots but dies of a fever.
1824/--/-- 47 - Jons Jakob Berzelius discovers the element silicon about this time.
1824/--/-- 47 - Sadi Carnot lays the foundations for the second law of thermodynamics.
1824/--/-- 47 - The Ashanti begin a war of resistance against Britain in the Gold Coast (Ghana).
1824/--/-- 47 - The Ashanti begin a war of resistance against Britain in the Gold Coast (Ghana).
1824/--/-- 47 - The National Gallery is founded in London.
1825/--/-- 48 - Adams is inaugurated as the 6th U.S. president; Calhoun becomes vice-president.
1825/--/-- 48 - American painter Thomas Cole founds the Hudson River School about this time.
1825/--/-- 48 - English literary critic William Hazlitt publishes The Spirit of the Age.
1825/--/-- 48 - John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican) becomes president of the United States
1825/--/-- 48 - Kappa Alpha, the first social fraternity, is formed at Union College, New York.
1825/--/-- 48 - Mountain man James Bridger discovers the Great Salt Lake.
1825/--/-- 48 - Nicholas I is made emperor of Russia; the Decembrists revolt breaks out.
1825/--/-- 48 - The Central American Federation declares its independence from Mexico.
1825/--/-- 48 - Thomas Cole establishes Hudson River school of landscape painting
1825/--/-- 48 - Uruguayan leader Lavalleja precipitates a war between Brazil and Argentina.
1825/--/-- 48 - Welsh reformer Robert Owen founds a community at New Harmony, Indiana.
1826/--/-- 49 - American engineer John Stevens builds the first U.S. steam locomotive.
1826/--/-- 49 - Andre Ampere publishes his Theory of Electrodynamic Phenomenon.
1826/--/-- 49 - British engineer Thomas Telford builds the Menai suspension bridge in Wales.
1826/--/-- 49 - Felix Mendelssohn composes his overture to A Midsummer Night's Dream at age 17.
1826/--/-- 49 - German poet Heine begins the publication of Reisebilder (Travel Pictures).
1826/--/-- 49 - Ohm's law establishes the relationship of electrical voltage, current and resistance.
1826/--/-- 49 - Revolutionary leader Antonio Jose de Sucre is elected first president of Bolivia.
1827/--/-- 50 - American frontiersman Davy Crockett is elected to Congress.
1827/--/-- 50 - Audubon publishes " Birds of America"
1827/--/-- 50 - Britain, France and Russia demand that Turkey ends the war with Greece.
1827/--/-- 50 - English inventor John Walker introduces the first friction matches.
1827/--/-- 50 - French landscape artist Camille Corot paints the Bridge at Narni.
1827/--/-- 50 - Mountain man Jedediah Smith pioneers an overland route to California.
1827/--/-- 50 - Ornithologist John James Audubon begins the publication of his Birds of America.
1827/--/-- 50 - The Allied navies destroy the Turkish and Egyptian fleet at Navarino in Greece.
1828/--/-- 51 - Composer Frederic Chopin begins concert tours at age 18.
1828/--/-- 51 - Greeks win War of Independence from Ottoman Empire
1828/--/-- 51 - Lavalleja's Thirty-three Immortals achieve Uruguayan independence from Brazil.
1828/--/-- 51 - Noah Webster publishes his American Dictionary of the English Language.
1828/--/-- 51 - Rammohun Roy founds the Brahmo Samaj religious society in India.
1828/--/-- 51 - The Duke of Wellington becomes prime minister of Britain.
1828/--/-- 51 - Virtuoso violin player Niccolo Paganini performs in Vienna.
1829/--/-- 52 *** Cardwell, Elender Ann & Lafever, Asher [Nephew] - Married White County, Tennessee
1829/--/-- 52 *** Steele, Mary Polly (Lafever) & Lafever, Eli [Nephew] - Married
1829/--/-- 52 - Andrew Jackson (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1829/--/-- 52 - Delacroix paints "Death of Sardanapalus"
1829/--/-- 52 - Explorer Charles Sturt charts the Murray River in Australia.
1829/--/-- 52 - Jackson introduces spoils system
1829/--/-- 52 - Jackson is inaugurated as the 7th U.S. president; Calhoun continues as vice-president.
1829/--/-- 52 - Lord Bentinck bans the Indian custom of suttee (the burning of widows).
1829/--/-- 52 - Louis Braille publishes his braille system of writing for the blind.
1829/--/-- 52 - Serbia becomes an autonomous principality under Prince Milos.
1829/--/-- 52 - Sir Robert Peel reorganizes the London police; his policemen are nicknamed Bobbies.
1829/--/-- 52 - Sir Robert Peel sponsers the Catholic Emancipation Act in Britain.
1829/--/-- 52 - The convict-free British colony of Western Australia is founded.
1829/--/-- 52 - The first U.S. encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia Americana, is begun.
1830/--/-- 53 - Belgium asserts its independence from the Netherlands.
1830/--/-- 53 - British geologist Charles Lyell begins publishing his Principles of Geology.
1830/--/-- 53 - Fructuoso Rivera is elected as first president of Uruguay.
1830/--/-- 53 - George Catlin begins his paintings of North American Indians about this time.
1830/--/-- 53 - Greece becomes independent from Turkey.
1830/--/-- 53 - Hector Berlioz composes his first major work the Symphonie Fantastique.
1830/--/-- 53 - Indian Removal Act moves eastern Indians west of Mississippi
1830/--/-- 53 - Joseph Smith founds the Mormon church at Fayette, New York.
1830/--/-- 53 - Louis Philippe is chosen as the citizen king of France.
1830/--/-- 53 - Philipon publishes the satirical weekly La Caricature, with contributions by Daumier.
1830/--/-- 53 - Polish rebellions are suppressed by Russia.
1830/--/-- 53 - Simon Bolivar resigns as dictator of Gran Colombia, he dies later in the year.
1830/--/-- 53 - The Indian Removal Act is passed to move the southeastern tribes to Indian Territory.
1830/--/-- 53 - The July Revolution in France forces the abdication of Charles X.
1830/--/-- 53 - The Women's magazine Godey's Lady's Book is published in the U.S.
1830/--/-- 53 - The locomotive Best Friend of Charleston is in use on the first U.S. railroad.
1830/--/-- 53 - William IV succeeds George IV as king of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1830/05/13 53 *** Lafever, Andrew [Great Nephew] - Born to Lafever, Eli and Steele, Mary Polly (Lafever)
1831/--/-- 54 - British naturalist Charles Darwin sails to South America aboard H.M.S. Beagle.
1831/--/-- 54 - Cyrus McCormick invents a mechanical reaper.
1831/--/-- 54 - Explorer James Clark Ross determines the position of the north magnetic pole.
1831/--/-- 54 - Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Mazzini founds the Young Italy movement.
1831/--/-- 54 - Jose Antonio Paez becomes the first president of Venezuela.
1831/--/-- 54 - King Louis Philippe founds the French foreign legion.
1831/--/-- 54 - Leopold I is selected as the first king of Belgium.
1831/--/-- 54 - Michael Faraday demonstrates his theory of electromagnetic induction.
1831/--/-- 54 - Nat Turner leads a black slave revolt in Virginia; he is captured and hanged.
1831/--/-- 54 - Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin completes his masterpiece Eugene Onegin.
1831/--/-- 54 - The crown colony of British Guiana (Guyana) is formed.
1831/--/-- 54 - Victor Hugo "Hunchback of Notre Dame"
1831/--/-- 54 - William Lloyd Garrison publishes the abolitionist newspaper the Liberator.
1831/09/09 55 *** Lafever, Thomas Samuel [Great Nephew] - Born to Lafever, Asher and Cardwell, Elender Ann born in Tennessee
1832/--/-- 55 - George Sand (Aurore Dudevant) publishes her first novel Indiana.
1832/--/-- 55 - Japanese artist Hiroshige begins work on Fifty-three Stages of the Tokaido.
1832/--/-- 55 - Samuel F.B. Morse designs improved electromagnetic telegraph
1832/--/-- 55 - The Black Hawk War is the last major Indian conflict east of the Mississippi River.
1832/--/-- 55 - The Democratic party is formally established as a national organization.
1833/--/-- 56 - A Bavarian prince becomes King Otto of Greece.
1833/--/-- 56 - Britain occupies the Falkland Islands.
1833/--/-- 56 - Carl von Clausewitz's classic study of warfare On War is published.
1833/--/-- 56 - General Santa Anna becomes president of Mexico.
1833/--/-- 56 - Isabella II succeeds Ferdinand VII, King of Spain; the Carlist Wars begin.
1833/--/-- 56 - President Jackson withdraws federal deposits from the Bank of the United States.
1833/--/-- 56 - Santa Anna elected President of Mexico
1833/--/-- 56 - The American Anti-Slavery Society is inaugurated in Philadelphia.
1833/--/-- 56 - Victor Hugo's novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame is published in English.
1834/--/-- 57 - A Quadruple Alliance is formed to aid Isabella II of Spain and Maria II of Portugal.
1834/--/-- 57 - American inventor Jacob Perkins patents the first practical ice-making machine.
1834/--/-- 57 - British politician Sir Robert Peel founds the Conservative Party.
1834/--/-- 57 - Indian Territory founded
1834/--/-- 57 - Slavery abolished in British Empire
1834/--/-- 57 - The Carlist Wars resume in Spain.
1834/--/-- 57 - The Hansom cab is designed; it becomes the standard horse-drawn cab in London.
1834/--/-- 57 - The Whig party is formed to oppose Andrew Jackson and the Democratic party.
1835/--/-- 58 *** Lafever, Talitha [Great Niece] - Born to Lafever, Eli and Steele, Mary Polly (Lafever)
1835/--/-- 58 *** Steele, Celia Ann (Lafever) & Lafever, Andrew Wesley [Nephew] - Married
1835/--/-- 58 - American settlers begin the Texas Revolution against Mexican rule.
1835/--/-- 58 - Attempts to move the Seminole Indians begins the second Seminole War.
1835/--/-- 58 - Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen publishes Tales Told for Children.
1835/--/-- 58 - French politician Alexis de Tocqueville publishes Democracy in America.
1835/--/-- 58 - James Gordon Bennett founds the New York Herald newspaper.
1835/--/-- 58 - Second Seminole War in Florida
1836/--/-- 59 - American educator William Holmes McGuffey begins editing his Readers.
1836/--/-- 59 - American inventor Samuel Colt begins manufacturing the first revolver.
1836/--/-- 59 - American literary figure Ralph Waldo Emerson founds the Transcendental Club.
1836/--/-- 59 - Arkansas is inaugurated as the 25th state of the Union.
1836/--/-- 59 - Boer (Afrikaner) settlers begin the Great Trek into the South African interior.
1836/--/-- 59 - Bolivian president Santa Cruz invades Peru and forms the Peru-Bolivian Confederation.
1836/--/-- 59 - Charles Barry designs Westminster Palace in the Gothic Revival style.
1836/--/-- 59 - Charles Dickens publishes his first popular work The Pickwick Papers.
1836/--/-- 59 - John C. Calhoun supports the gag rules to prevent Congress debating slavery.
1836/--/-- 59 - Republic of Texas forms
1836/--/-- 59 - Russian author Nikolai Gogol writes his play The Inspector General.
1836/--/-- 59 - Santa Anna's army storms the Alamo in Texas, killing the defenders.
1836/--/-- 59 - Texans under Sam Houston defeat Santa Anna at the San Jacinto River.
1836/--/-- 59 - Texas Revolution
1836/--/-- 59 - The Arc de Triomphe, the world's largest triumphal arch, is completed in Paris.
1837/--/-- 60 - Britain's refusal to grant more home rule in Canada leads to the Rebellions of 1837.
1837/--/-- 60 - British scientist Charles Wheatstone designs an electric telegraph system.
1837/--/-- 60 - Charles Dickens "Oliver Twist"
1837/--/-- 60 - Louis Daguerre invents the daguerreotype method for taking permanent photographs.
1837/--/-- 60 - Martin Van Buren (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1837/--/-- 60 - Michigan is inaugurated as the 26th state of the Union.
1837/--/-- 60 - Mikhail Lermontov writes the Death of a Poet, inspired by the death of Pushkin.
1837/--/-- 60 - Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin is killed in a duel.
1837/--/-- 60 - Scottish historian Thomas Carlyle publishes The French Revolution.
1837/--/-- 60 - Seminole Indian leader Osceola is captured.
1837/--/-- 60 - Van Buren is inaugurated as the 8th U.S. president; Johnson becomes vice-president.
1837/--/-- 60 - William IV dies; Victoria succeeds him as Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1837/06/-- 60 - Victoria succeeds as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland.
1838/--/-- 61 - Boer (Afrikaner) leader Andries Pretorius defeats the Zulus at the Battle of Blood River.
1838/--/-- 61 - British artist Joseph Mallord William Turner paints the Fighting Temeraire.
1838/--/-- 61 - Charles Wilkes heads a U.S. Navy expedition to Antarctica.
1838/--/-- 61 - Cherokee "Trail of Tears"
1838/--/-- 61 - French philosopher Auguste Comte inaugurates the science of sociology.
1838/--/-- 61 - Iowa Territory organized
1838/--/-- 61 - John Deere develops a steel-tipped plow capable of turning heavy prairie soil.
1838/--/-- 61 - Samuel F.B. Morse develops the Morse code for electric telegraph systems.
1838/--/-- 61 - Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatrick Macmillan makes the first pedal-driven bicycle.
1838/06/08 61 - Victoria crowned Queen of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Will
1839/--/-- 62 - American inventor Charles Goodyear develops the vulcanization of rubber.
1839/--/-- 62 - Chile defeats Santa Cruz's Peru-Bolivian Confederation at the Battle of Yungay.
1839/--/-- 62 - Daguerre invents first form of photography
1839/--/-- 62 - French novelist Stendhal writes The Charterhouse of Parma.
1839/--/-- 62 - Hungarian composer and pianist Franz Liszt embarks on a concert tour of Europe.
1839/--/-- 62 - Jose Rafael Carrera captures Guatemala; the Central American Federation is dissolved.
1839/--/-- 62 - Stephens and Catherwood explore Maya ruins in the Yucatan.
1839/--/-- 62 - The Anglo-Afghan Wars begin in Afghanistan.
1839/--/-- 62 - The Opium Wars begin between Britain and China.
1839/--/-- 62 - Theodor Schwann and Matthias Jakob Schleiden formulate the cell theory.
1840/--/-- 63 *** Lafever, John [Great Nephew] - Born to Lafever, Eli and Steele, Mary Polly (Lafever)
1840/--/-- 63 - Civil War breaks out in Uruguay between the Colorados (reds) and Blancos (whites).
1840/--/-- 63 - Edgar Allen Poe: "Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque"
1840/--/-- 63 - French philosopher and anarchist Pierre Joseph Proudhon writes What is Property.
1840/--/-- 63 - Horatio Greenough's classical statue of George Washington is strongly criticized.
1840/--/-- 63 - Maori chiefs sign over their tribal lands to Queen Victoria in the Treaty of Waitangi.
1840/--/-- 63 - Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg.
1840/--/-- 63 - Swiss-American naturalist Louis Agassiz postulates his theory of ice ages.
1840/--/-- 63 - The Liberty party is founded in Albany, N.Y. based exclusively on an antislavery platform.
1840/--/-- 63 - The Underground Railroad is active in helping escaping slaves in the U.S.
1840/--/-- 63 - The first adhesive postage stamp, the Penny Black, is issued in London.
1840/--/-- 63 - The metric system of measurement is reinstated in France.
1840/--/-- 63 - Upper and Lower Canada are united in the single Province of Canada.
1840/--/-- 63 - Upper and lower Canada united
1841/--/-- 64 - Edgar Allan Poe writes an early detective story The Murders in the Rue Morgue.
1841/--/-- 64 - George Grey is appointed governor of South Australia to help save the colony.
1841/--/-- 64 - Harrison is inaugurated as the 9th U.S. president; Tyler becomes vice-president.
1841/--/-- 64 - Horace Greeley founds the New York Tribune newspaper.
1841/--/-- 64 - Italian ballerina Carlotta Grisi creates the role of Giselle.
1841/--/-- 64 - John Tyler (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1841/--/-- 64 - Muhammad Ali defeats the Ottomans and becomes the hereditary ruler of Egypt.
1841/--/-- 64 - New Zealand is established as a separate British colony.
1841/--/-- 64 - President Harrison dies; John Tyler is inaugurated as the 10th U.S. president
1841/--/-- 64 - Whig prime minister Lord Melbourne resigns; he is succeeded by Sir Robert Peel.
1841/--/-- 64 - William Henry Harrison (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1841/--/-- 64 - William Henry Talbot patents the calotype photographic process.
1842/--/-- 65 - 10-hour day for children under 12 in Massachusetts
1842/--/-- 65 - American explorer John C. Fremont begins surveying the Oregon Trail.
1842/--/-- 65 - American showman P.T. Barnum discovers the 40-inch midget Tom Thumb.
1842/--/-- 65 - Austrian physicist Christian Johann Doppler predicts the Doppler effect.
1842/--/-- 65 - China cedes Hong Kong to Britain.
1842/--/-- 65 - China is defeated in the first Opium War; Chinese ports are opened to British trade.
1842/--/-- 65 - Italian composer Gaetano Donizetti writes his opera Don Pasquale.
1842/08/31 66 *** Lafever, Elizabeth - Died Morgan, MO

In 1776 Transportation was by:
          Foot
          Horse
          Sailing ship
By 1842 Transportation was by:
          Bicycle
          Train
          Steamboat
in addition.
By 1842 Transportation by:
          Sailing ship
had been discontinued.

In 1776 Communications was by:
          Word of Mouth
          Post Office

In 1776 Food Preparation was by:
          Wood

In 1776 Entertainment was by:
          Social Intercourse
          Organized Sports
          Travel
          Professional Sports
          Movies
          Radio
          Television
          Theme parks
          Computer

In 1776 Health Care was by:
          Operations
          Anesthetic
          X-Rays
          MRI

In 1776 War Making was by:
          Calvary
          gun
          Artillery
          Submarine

In 1776 Navigation was by:
          Stars & Maps
          Compass

from the SFHR database of Duane Bristow 02-04-2016 10:03:31


Index

Family and Social Relations

of Lafever, Elizabeth 1776/07/14

Index

Last revised 02/04/16.