Bolton, Ellen - F 1798/--/--

History

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                              The Life of Bolton, Ellen
1798/--/-- to 1843/--/-- female One child
...Date... AGE Event
1798/--/-- 0 *** Bolton, Ellen - Born Ireland
1798/--/-- 0 - Alien and Sedition Act
1798/--/-- 0 - America's first professional author Charles Brockden Brown publishes Wieland.
1798/--/-- 0 - Britain, Austria, Russia and Turkey form a Second Coalition against France.
1798/--/-- 0 - Economist Thomas Malthus publishes An Essay on the Principle of Population.
1798/--/-- 0 - Eli Whitney uses early mass production techniques to manufacture muskets.
1798/--/-- 0 - French armies occupy Rome and invade Switzerland, creating the Helvetic Republic.
1798/--/-- 0 - Haydn composes "The Creation"
1798/--/-- 0 - Lord Wellesley becomes governor-general of India.
1798/--/-- 0 - Napoleon's army invades Egypt and defeats the Mamelukes at the Battle of the Pyramids.
1798/--/-- 0 - The French fleet is destroyed by Nelson at Abukir Bay, cutting off Napoleon's forces in Egypt.
1798/--/-- 0 - The U.S. Congress passes the controversial Alien and Sedition Acts.
1798/--/-- 0 - The XYZ Affair leads to the Quasi War between France and the U.S.
1798/--/-- 0 - The territory of Mississippi becomes part of the United States.
1798/--/-- 0 - William Wordsworth publishes Lyrical Ballads with Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
1798/--/-- 0 - Wolfe Tone leads a revolt against the British by the Society of United Irishmen.
1799/--/-- 1 - A 33,000 year-old frozen mammoth is discovered at the Lena River in Russia.
1799/--/-- 1 - Britain becomes the first nation to introduce a national income tax.
1799/--/-- 1 - City Hotel, the first American structure designed as a hotel, opens in New York.
1799/--/-- 1 - Humboldt and Bonpland begin their scientific expedition in South American.
1799/--/-- 1 - Napoleon attacks Syria to prevent a Turkish invasion of Egypt, but is defeated at Acre.
1799/--/-- 1 - Napoleon becomes Consul
1799/--/-- 1 - Napoleon returns to France as first consul; the Consulate replaces the Directory.
1799/--/-- 1 - Ranjit Singh establishes a Sikh kingdom in northwest India.
1799/--/-- 1 - Russian forces under Suvorov defeat the French in Italy, but are held at Zurich.
1799/--/-- 1 - The Rosetta Stone, the key to deciphering hieroglyphics, is discovered in Egypt.
1799/--/-- 1 - The Russian-American Company is founded to administer the Alaskan fur trade.
1799/--/-- 1 - Tippu Sultan is killed in battle with the British; the Mysore empire is destroyed.
1800/--/-- 2 - Black slave Gabriel leads an abortive uprising near Richmond, Virginia.
1800/--/-- 2 - France regains Louisiana from Spain under the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso.
1800/--/-- 2 - Italian physicist Alessandro Volta invents the first electric battery.
1800/--/-- 2 - Jefferson defeats Adams in the U.S. presidential election, but ties with Burr.
1800/--/-- 2 - Johnny Appleseed (John Chapman) arrives in the Ohio River valley around this time.
1800/--/-- 2 - Library of Congress founded
1800/--/-- 2 - Madame de Stael publishes The Influence of Literature Upon Society.
1800/--/-- 2 - Napoleon commissions Cambaceres to develop the Napoleonic Code of law.
1800/--/-- 2 - Napoleon defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Marengo.
1800/--/-- 2 - Seat of government moves from Philadelphia to Washington, DC
1800/--/-- 2 - The Library of Congress is founded in Washington D.C.
1800/--/-- 2 - The seat of U.S. government is transferred to Washington, D.C.
1800/--/-- 2 - Volta invents electric battery
1801/--/-- 3 - Alexander I becomes emperor of Russia after the murder of his father Paul I.
1801/--/-- 3 - Barbary pirates begin the Tripolitan War; a U.S. squadron sails to the Mediterranean.
1801/--/-- 3 - Castlereagh secures passage of the Act of Union, which unites Britain and Ireland.
1801/--/-- 3 - Chemists Proust and Berthollet debate the constancy of chemical composition.
1801/--/-- 3 - Jefferson is selected as the 3rd U.S. president; Burr becomes vice-president.
1801/--/-- 3 - Nelson defeats the Danish fleet at Copenhagen.
1801/--/-- 3 - Robert Fulton demonstrates his 3-man submarine the Nautilus.
1801/--/-- 3 - The British defeat Napoleon's army of Egypt at Alexandria.
1801/--/-- 3 - The Peace of Luneville ends the war between France and Austria.
1801/--/-- 3 - The Union Jack becomes the official flag of the United Kingdom.
1801/--/-- 3 - Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) becomes president of the United States
1802/--/-- 4 - Alexander von Humboldt climbs Mt. Chimborazo, setting a world height record.
1802/--/-- 4 - American artist Benjamin West paints Death on a Pale Horse.
1802/--/-- 4 - Britain returns the island of Minorca to Spain.
1802/--/-- 4 - Napoleon is created First Consul for life.
1802/--/-- 4 - The French capture Haitian leader Toussaint, but are defeated by Christophe.
1802/--/-- 4 - The Treaty of Amiens brings a temporary halt to the French Revolutionary Wars.
1803/--/-- 5 - Britain declares war on France, beginning the Napoleonic Wars.
1803/--/-- 5 - Britain establishes a new penal colony on Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania).
1803/--/-- 5 - Dalton devises table of elements
1803/--/-- 5 - English scientist John Dalton describes his atomic theory.
1803/--/-- 5 - France sells Louisiana to the U.S.
1803/--/-- 5 - Matthew Flinders completes the first circumnavigation of Australia.
1803/--/-- 5 - Ohio is inaugurated as the l7th state of the Union.
1803/--/-- 5 - Robert Emmet leads an Irish rebellion in Dublin; he is captured and executed.
1804/--/-- 6 - American politician Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
1804/--/-- 6 - Dessalines declares Haitian independence and names himself Emperor Jacques I.
1804/--/-- 6 - English engineer Richard Trevithick builds the first steam locomotive.
1804/--/-- 6 - Francis II assumes the title of emperor of Austria.
1804/--/-- 6 - Fulani leader Usman dan Fodio leads a holy war against the Hausa in Nigeria.
1804/--/-- 6 - Jefferson is reelected as U.S. president; Clinton becomes vice-president.
1804/--/-- 6 - Lewis and Clark expedition encounters Native Americans
1804/--/-- 6 - Lewis and Clarke Expedition
1804/--/-- 6 - Meriwether Lewis and William Clark begin exploring the American north-west.
1804/--/-- 6 - Napoleon becomes Emperor
1804/--/-- 6 - Napoleon crowns himself emperor of France.
1804/--/-- 6 - Serbian nationalists revolt against the Turks.
1804/--/-- 6 - Stephen Decatur leads a U.S. navy skirmish into Tripoli harbor.
1805/--/-- 7 - American explorers Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Ocean.
1805/--/-- 7 - Austria sues for peace with France at the Treaty of Pressburg.
1805/--/-- 7 - Britain, Austria, Russia and Sweden form a Third Coalition against France.
1805/--/-- 7 - Muhammad Ali is appointed Pasha (governor) of Egypt by the Ottoman sultan.
1805/--/-- 7 - Nelson defeats the Franco-Spanish fleet at Trafalgar, but is killed during the action.
1805/--/-- 7 - The French defeat Austro-Russian forces at the Battle of Austerlitz.
1805/--/-- 7 - The Shawnee Prophet, brother of Tecumseh, begins planning an Indian uprising.
1806/--/-- 8 - Emperor Jacques I is assassinated; Haiti is divided between Christophe and Petion.
1806/--/-- 8 - Napoleon begins the Continental System, closing European ports to British vessels.
1806/--/-- 8 - Napoleon forces the abdication of Francis II; the Holy Roman Empire is dissolved.
1806/--/-- 8 - Noah Webster publishes "Compendious" Dictionary of the English Language"
1806/--/-- 8 - Prussia joins the Coalition against France, but is defeated at Jena-Auerstadt.
1806/--/-- 8 - Revolutionary leader Francisco de Miranda makes an abortive invasion of Venezuela.
1806/--/-- 8 - The British employ Congreve rockets against a French invasion fleet.
1806/--/-- 8 - U.S. explorer Zebulon Pike is sent west to descend the Red River.
1806/--/-- 8 - William Murdock installs gas lighting in a Manchester cotton mill.
1807/--/-- 9 - Aaron Burr is tried for treason and acquitted.
1807/--/-- 9 - Beethoven completes his Fifth Symphony and begins the Sixth (Pastoral).
1807/--/-- 9 - British chemist Humphry Davy discovers the elements potassium and sodium.
1807/--/-- 9 - Congress passes the Embargo Act in response to interference with U.S. shipping.
1807/--/-- 9 - German philosopher Hegel publishes The Phenomenology of the Spirit.
1807/--/-- 9 - Napoleon defeats the Russian armies; Russia and Prussia sue for peace at Tilsit.
1807/--/-- 9 - Portugal refuses to observe the blockade against England; France invades Portugal.
1807/--/-- 9 - Robert Fulton's steamship the Clermont makes its maiden voyage.
1807/--/-- 9 - Sir Humphry Davy discovers the elements potassium and sodium
1807/--/-- 9 - The Janissaries depose Sultan Selim III and place Mustafa IV on the Ottoman throne.
1807/--/-- 9 - The U.S. frigate Chesapeake is involved in an incident with a British man-of-war.
1807/--/-- 9 - The slave trade is outlawed throughout the British Empire.
1808/--/-- 10 - Beethoven composes "Fifth Symphony"
1808/--/-- 10 - Congress prohibits importing of African slaves
1808/--/-- 10 - Francisco de Goya paints The Third of May, depicting the cruelty of war.
1808/--/-- 10 - French chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac isolates the element boron.
1808/--/-- 10 - German artist Caspar David Friedrich exhibits The Cross in the Mountains.
1808/--/-- 10 - Japanese artist Buncho paints True View of Mount Hiko.
1808/--/-- 10 - John Jacob Astor founds the American Fur Company.
1808/--/-- 10 - Napoleon appoints his brother Joseph as king of Spain.
1808/--/-- 10 - Napoleon occupys Spain
1808/--/-- 10 - The British under Wellington aid Portugal against France in the Peninsular War.
1809/--/-- 11 - Frenchman Nicolas Appert develops the first effective method for canning food.
1809/--/-- 11 - German artists Overbeck and Pforr found the Nazarenes.
1809/--/-- 11 - James Madison (Democratic Republican) becomes president of the United States
1809/--/-- 11 - John Stevens' steamboat the Phoenix makes the first ocean-going voyage.
1809/--/-- 11 - Lamarck publishes his theories of evolution in Zoological Philosophy.
1809/--/-- 11 - Metternich draws Austria into the War of the Fifth Coalition against France.
1809/--/-- 11 - Napoleon annexes the Papal States and takes Pope Pius VII prisoner.
1809/--/-- 11 - Russia seizes Finland from Sweden; King Gustav IV Adolf abdicates.
1809/--/-- 11 - The French defeat the Austrians at Wagram; Francis II accepts the Treaty of Schonbrunn.
1810/--/-- 12 - A rebellion against Spain breaks out in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1810/--/-- 12 - American settlers rebel against the Spanish in West Florida.
1810/--/-- 12 - Kamehameha I becomes ruler of Hawaii and establishes the Kamehameha dynasty.
1810/--/-- 12 - Mexican priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla leads a rebellion against Spanish rule.
1810/--/-- 12 - Revolutions in Latin America lead to independent nations
1810/--/-- 12 - Separatists movements in Latin America
1810/--/-- 12 - The Krupp arms factory is established at Essen in Germany.
1810/--/-- 12 - Wellington's Anglo-Portuguese army holds the French on the outskirts of Lisbon.
1811/--/-- 13 - Bolivar and Miranda lead the Venezuelan congress in a declaration of independence.
1811/--/-- 13 - First steamboat to sail down Mississippi reaches New Orleans
1811/--/-- 13 - George III becomes mentally unstable; the Prince of Wales assumes power as regent.
1811/--/-- 13 - Henri Christophe declares himself king of northern Haiti.
1811/--/-- 13 - Italian chemist Amedeo Avogadro develops the concept known as Avogadro's law.
1811/--/-- 13 - Jane Austen "Sense and Sensibility"
1811/--/-- 13 - Jose Artigas raises a force to expel the Spanish from the Banda Oriental (Uruguay).
1811/--/-- 13 - Mexican rebel leader Hidalgo y Costilla is captured and executed.
1811/--/-- 13 - Native Americans defeated in Battle of Tippecanoe in Indiana Territory
1811/--/-- 13 - The Luddites riot in England against the mechanization of the textile industry.
1811/--/-- 13 - The building of the National Road, the first U.S. federal highway, begins in Maryland.
1811/--/-- 13 - The first rowing race in the United States is held in New York.
1811/--/-- 13 - The ruling Mameluke aristocracy is massacred in Cairo by Muhammad Ali.
1811/--/-- 13 - William Henry Harrison defeats the Shawnee Indians at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
1812/--/-- 14 - An earthquake destroys Caracas in Venezuela, killing 12,000.
1812/--/-- 14 - English caricaturist Thomas Rowlandson illustrates the Tour of Dr. Syntax.
1812/--/-- 14 - General William Hull surrenders Detroit to the British.
1812/--/-- 14 - Georges Cuvier develops his theory of catastrophism through the study of fossils.
1812/--/-- 14 - Grimm's Fairy Tales are published in Germany.
1812/--/-- 14 - John Nash begins the oriental conversion of the Royal Pavilion at Brighton.
1812/--/-- 14 - Louisiana is inaugurated as the 18th state of the Union.
1812/--/-- 14 - Napoleon defeated in Russia
1812/--/-- 14 - Napoleon invades Russia with 450,000 men.
1812/--/-- 14 - Napoleon's army retreats from Moscow; only 40,000 men reach France.
1812/--/-- 14 - Rebel leader Morelos y Pavon defeats the Mexican royalist forces at Oaxaca.
1812/--/-- 14 - Spanish forces defeat Bolivar and Miranda in Venezuela; Miranda is imprisoned.
1812/--/-- 14 - Stephen Decatur's frigate United States defeats the British frigate Macedonian.
1812/--/-- 14 - Swiss explorer Jakob Burckhardt rediscovers the ancient city of Petra.
1812/--/-- 14 - Territorial and shipping disputes lead to the War of 1812 between the U.S. and Britain.
1812/--/-- 14 - The French defeat the Russians at Borodino; Napoleon occupies Moscow.
1812/--/-- 14 - The U.S. Navy frigate Constitution defeats 2 British frigates.
1812/--/-- 14 - The ancient city of Petra (now in present-day Jordan) is rediscovered by Johann Burckhardt.
1812/--/-- 14 - The first coal gas generating station is chartered in London to provide gas lighting.
1812/--/-- 14 - War of 1812 Begins
1812/--/-- 14 - Wellington defeats the French at the Battle of Salamanca in Spain.
1813/--/-- 15 - 14 Luddites are hanged at York in England.
1813/--/-- 15 - English novelist Jane Austen publishes Pride and Prejudice.
1813/--/-- 15 - James Wilkinson captures a fort at Mobile, the last Spanish possession in West Florida.
1813/--/-- 15 - Napoleon is defeated at the Battle of Leipzig by the Sixth Coalition.
1813/--/-- 15 - Oliver Hazard Perry's ships destroy the British fleet on Lake Erie.
1813/--/-- 15 - British Indian leader Tecumseh is killed in the Battle of the Thames.
1813/--/-- 15 - Rebel forces invade Venezuela and capture Caracas; Bolivar is declared the Liberator.
1813/--/-- 15 - Robert Southey is made poet laureate of England.
1813/--/-- 15 - Wellington defeats the French in Spain at Vitoria and invades southern France.
1813/--/-- 15 - William Henry Harrison defeats the British at the Battle of the Thames.
1814/--/-- 16 - Actor Edmund Kean makes his debut as Shylock in The Merchant of Venice.
1814/--/-- 16 - Andrew Jackson annihilates the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
1814/--/-- 16 - Andrew Jackson crushes Creek Resistance in South
1814/--/-- 16 - British forces burn Washington, D.C., but are repulsed at Fort McHenry.
1814/--/-- 16 - Coalition armies invade France; Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to the island of Elba.
1814/--/-- 16 - French artist Ingres paints The Grand Odalisque.
1814/--/-- 16 - George Stephenson constructs his first steam locomotive.
1814/--/-- 16 - Louis XVIII assumes the French throne.
1814/--/-- 16 - New England states discuss their secession from the Union at the Hartford Convention.
1814/--/-- 16 - Pope Pius VII returns to Rome; the Jesuit order is reestablished.
1814/--/-- 16 - The Treaty of Ghent ends the War of 1812 between the U.S. and Britain.
1814/--/-- 16 - Treaty of Ghent
1814/--/-- 16 - U.S. forces under Thomas Macdonough destroy the British fleet on Lake Champlain.
1815/--/-- 17 - French Monarchy re-established
1815/--/-- 17 - Napoleon escapes from Elba and marches on Paris during the Hundred Days.
1815/--/-- 17 - Napoleon is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo; he is exiled to the island of Saint Helena.
1815/--/-- 17 - The Americans defeat the British at New Orleans before news of peace arrives.
1815/--/-- 17 - The Barbary States sue for peace with the U.S.
1815/--/-- 17 - The Spanish army reconquers Venezuela; Bolivar flees to Jamaica.
1815/--/-- 17 - The Spanish capture and execute the Mexican rebel leader Morelos y Pavon.
1815/--/-- 17 - The first Gurkha regiment is formed by the British army.
1815/--/-- 17 - War of 1812 Ends
1816/--/-- 18 - Gioacchino Rossini's opera The Barber of Seville is performed in Rome.
1816/--/-- 18 - Indiana is inaugurated as the 19th state of the Union.
1816/--/-- 18 - Maria I of Portugal dies; she is succeeded by John VI who remains in exile in Brazil.
1816/--/-- 18 - Nepal is made a protectorate of British India.
1816/--/-- 18 - Shaka begins establishing the Zulu empire in South Africa.
1816/--/-- 18 - The British Museum buys the Elgin Marbles (smuggled from Greece by Lord Elgin).
1816/--/-- 18 - The United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata (Argentina) declare independence.
1817/--/-- 19 - Construction begins on Erie Canal in New York
1817/--/-- 19 - Construction of the Erie Canal begins in New York State.
1817/--/-- 19 - First Seminole War
1817/--/-- 19 - French physician Rene Laennec invents the stethoscope.
1817/--/-- 19 - James Monroe (Democratic Republican) becomes president of the United States
1817/--/-- 19 - Jose de San Martin and Bernardo O'Higgins defeat the Spanish in Chile.
1817/--/-- 19 - Mississippi is inaugurated as the 20th state of the Union.
1817/--/-- 19 - Monroe is inaugurated as the 5th U.S. president; Tompkins becomes vice-president.
1817/--/-- 19 - Sir Walter Scott writes the Scottish adventure novel Rob Roy.
1818/--/-- 20 - Arthur Schopenhauer publishes The World as Will and Representation.
1818/--/-- 20 - Bernardo O'Higgins becomes the supreme director of independent Chile.
1818/--/-- 20 - Composer Franz Schubert becomes the music teacher to Count Esterhazy's family.
1818/--/-- 20 - English chemist Sir Humphry Davy invents the miner's safety lamp.
1818/--/-- 20 - Illinois is inaugurated as the 21st state of the Union.
1818/--/-- 20 - John Keats "Endymion"
1818/--/-- 20 - Mary Wollstonecroft Shelley publishes the horror novel Frankenstein.
1818/--/-- 20 - Sir John Ross sails in search of the Northwest Passage.
1818/--/-- 20 - Thomas Love Peacock publishes his comic novel Nightmare Abbey.
1818/--/-- 20 - Treaty with Britain sets 49th parallel
1819/--/-- 21 - Alabama is inaugurated as the 22nd state of the Union.
1819/--/-- 21 - American artist Washington Allston paints Moonlit Landscape.
1819/--/-- 21 - Bolivar defeats the Spanish in Colombia at the Battle of Boyaca.
1819/--/-- 21 - Lord Byron begins his satirical poem Don Juan.
1819/--/-- 21 - Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles acquires Singapore for the East India Company.
1819/--/-- 21 - Spain surrenders East and West Florida to the U.S. in the Adams-Onis Treaty.
1819/--/-- 21 - The Prado Museum is inaugurated in Madrid.
1819/--/-- 21 - The Savannah becomes the first steamship to cross the Atlantic.
1819/--/-- 21 - Treaty with Spain sets boundaries
1820/--/-- 22 - Carbonari Italian nationalists rebel against the rule of Ferdinand I in Naples.
1820/--/-- 22 - English poet John Keats writes Ode To a Nightingale.
1820/--/-- 22 - English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley writes Prometheus Unbound.
1820/--/-- 22 - Fed offers land at $1.25 an acre
1820/--/-- 22 - French navigator Dumont d'Urville discovers the Venus de Milo on the island of Melos.
1820/--/-- 22 - French poet Alphonse de Lamartine publishes Meditations Poetiques.
1820/--/-- 22 - Henri Christophe commits suicide; Haiti is united under Jean Pierre Boyer.
1820/--/-- 22 - Juan Manuel de Rosas becomes the virtual dictator of Argentina.
1820/--/-- 22 - Maine is inaugurated as the 23rd state of the Union.
1820/--/-- 22 - Missouri Compromise
1820/--/-- 22 - Percy Bysshe Shelly "Prometheus Unbound"
1820/--/-- 22 - Russian Admiral Fabian von Bellingshausen sights land in the Antarctic.
1820/--/-- 22 - Stephen H. Long explores the Rocky Mountain region.
1820/--/-- 22 - The Missouri Compromise admits Missouri to the Union as a slave state.
1820/--/-- 22 - The Prince Regent becomes King George IV on the death of George III.
1820/--/-- 22 - The first American missionaries are admitted to Hawaii.
1820/--/-- 22 - The first free American slaves to be resettled in Africa land in Liberia.
1820/--/-- 22 - U.S. navy hero Stephen Decatur is killed in a duel.
1820/--/-- 22 - Washington Irving publishes Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.
1821/--/-- 23 - American captain John Davis is the first to land on the continent of Antarctica.
1821/--/-- 23 - Bolivar forms Gran Colombia (Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela and Panama).
1821/--/-- 23 - Brazil annexes the Banda Oriental (Uruguay).
1821/--/-- 23 - English landscape artist John Constable paints The Hay Wain.
1821/--/-- 23 - King John VI is reinstated on the Portuguese throne.
1821/--/-- 23 - Mexican Independence
1821/--/-- 23 - Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic rotation
1821/--/-- 23 - Missouri Compromise
1821/--/-- 23 - Missouri is inaugurated as the 24th state of the Union.
1821/--/-- 23 - Napoleon dies on Saint Helena.
1821/--/-- 23 - Revolutionary general San Martin enters Lima and declares Peru independent.
1821/--/-- 23 - Revolutionary leader Iturbide declares Mexican independence from Spain.
1821/--/-- 23 - Simon Bolivar defeats the Spanish forces in Venezuela and Ecuador.
1821/--/-- 23 - The Cherokee Indian Sequoya develops the Cherokee written language.
1821/--/-- 23 - The Greek War of Independence begins against Turkey.
1821/--/-- 23 - Thomas de Quincey's Confessions of an English Opium Eater is published.
1821/07/09 23 - George IV crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Char
1822/--/-- 24 - American surgeon William Beaumont begins his study of the gastric process.
1822/--/-- 24 - Antonio Jose de Sucre defeats the Spanish in Ecuador at the Battle of Pichincha.
1822/--/-- 24 - British statesman Lord Castlereagh commits suicide.
1822/--/-- 24 - Denmark Vesey leads a slave revolt in Charleston; 35 blacks are executed.
1822/--/-- 24 - Dom Pedro, son of Portuguese King John VI, declares Brazil independent.
1822/--/-- 24 - Egyptian leader Muhammad Ali completes the conquest of northern Sudan.
1822/--/-- 24 - French scholar Jean Francois Champollion deciphers the Rosetta Stone hieroglyphics.
1823/--/-- 25 - Charles Babbage begins work on his difference engine, a precursor of the computer.
1823/--/-- 25 - Charles Lamb publishes his Essays of Elia in The London Magazine.
1823/--/-- 25 - Charles Macintosh patents the waterproof fabric used in mackintosh raincoats.
1823/--/-- 25 - General Santa Anna leads a coup against Mexican Emperor Agustin I (Iturbide).
1823/--/-- 25 - James Fenimore Cooper publishes the first volume of The Leatherstocking Tales.
1823/--/-- 25 - Japanese artist Hokusai begins a series of Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji.
1823/--/-- 25 - Ludwig van Beethoven completes his 9th Symphony.
1823/--/-- 25 - Monroe Doctrine
1823/--/-- 25 - Rugby football originates at Rugby School in England.
1823/--/-- 25 - The Monroe Doctrine warns Europe not to interfere in the Americas.
1824/--/-- 26 - De Sucre defeats the Spanish at the Battle of Ayacucho, liberating Peru.
1824/--/-- 26 - Disputes over the border of India lead to war between Britain and Burma.
1824/--/-- 26 - English poet Lord Byron travels to Greece to aid the patriots but dies of a fever.
1824/--/-- 26 - Jons Jakob Berzelius discovers the element silicon about this time.
1824/--/-- 26 - Sadi Carnot lays the foundations for the second law of thermodynamics.
1824/--/-- 26 - The Ashanti begin a war of resistance against Britain in the Gold Coast (Ghana).
1824/--/-- 26 - The Ashanti begin a war of resistance against Britain in the Gold Coast (Ghana).
1824/--/-- 26 - The National Gallery is founded in London.
1825/--/-- 27 - Adams is inaugurated as the 6th U.S. president; Calhoun becomes vice-president.
1825/--/-- 27 - American painter Thomas Cole founds the Hudson River School about this time.
1825/--/-- 27 - English literary critic William Hazlitt publishes The Spirit of the Age.
1825/--/-- 27 - John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican) becomes president of the United States
1825/--/-- 27 - Kappa Alpha, the first social fraternity, is formed at Union College, New York.
1825/--/-- 27 - Mountain man James Bridger discovers the Great Salt Lake.
1825/--/-- 27 - Nicholas I is made emperor of Russia; the Decembrists revolt breaks out.
1825/--/-- 27 - The Central American Federation declares its independence from Mexico.
1825/--/-- 27 - Thomas Cole establishes Hudson River school of landscape painting
1825/--/-- 27 - Uruguayan leader Lavalleja precipitates a war between Brazil and Argentina.
1825/--/-- 27 - Welsh reformer Robert Owen founds a community at New Harmony, Indiana.
1826/--/-- 28 - American engineer John Stevens builds the first U.S. steam locomotive.
1826/--/-- 28 - Andre Ampere publishes his Theory of Electrodynamic Phenomenon.
1826/--/-- 28 - British engineer Thomas Telford builds the Menai suspension bridge in Wales.
1826/--/-- 28 - Felix Mendelssohn composes his overture to A Midsummer Night's Dream at age 17.
1826/--/-- 28 - German poet Heine begins the publication of Reisebilder (Travel Pictures).
1826/--/-- 28 - Ohm's law establishes the relationship of electrical voltage, current and resistance.
1826/--/-- 28 - Revolutionary leader Antonio Jose de Sucre is elected first president of Bolivia.
1827/--/-- 29 - American frontiersman Davy Crockett is elected to Congress.
1827/--/-- 29 - Audubon publishes " Birds of America"
1827/--/-- 29 - Britain, France and Russia demand that Turkey ends the war with Greece.
1827/--/-- 29 - English inventor John Walker introduces the first friction matches.
1827/--/-- 29 - French landscape artist Camille Corot paints the Bridge at Narni.
1827/--/-- 29 - Mountain man Jedediah Smith pioneers an overland route to California.
1827/--/-- 29 - Ornithologist John James Audubon begins the publication of his Birds of America.
1827/--/-- 29 - The Allied navies destroy the Turkish and Egyptian fleet at Navarino in Greece.
1828/--/-- 30 - Composer Frederic Chopin begins concert tours at age 18.
1828/--/-- 30 - Greeks win War of Independence from Ottoman Empire
1828/--/-- 30 - Lavalleja's Thirty-three Immortals achieve Uruguayan independence from Brazil.
1828/--/-- 30 - Noah Webster publishes his American Dictionary of the English Language.
1828/--/-- 30 - Rammohun Roy founds the Brahmo Samaj religious society in India.
1828/--/-- 30 - The Duke of Wellington becomes prime minister of Britain.
1828/--/-- 30 - Virtuoso violin player Niccolo Paganini performs in Vienna.
1829/--/-- 31 - Andrew Jackson (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1829/--/-- 31 - Delacroix paints "Death of Sardanapalus"
1829/--/-- 31 - Explorer Charles Sturt charts the Murray River in Australia.
1829/--/-- 31 - Jackson introduces spoils system
1829/--/-- 31 - Jackson is inaugurated as the 7th U.S. president; Calhoun continues as vice-president.
1829/--/-- 31 - Lord Bentinck bans the Indian custom of suttee (the burning of widows).
1829/--/-- 31 - Louis Braille publishes his braille system of writing for the blind.
1829/--/-- 31 - Serbia becomes an autonomous principality under Prince Milos.
1829/--/-- 31 - Sir Robert Peel reorganizes the London police; his policemen are nicknamed Bobbies.
1829/--/-- 31 - Sir Robert Peel sponsers the Catholic Emancipation Act in Britain.
1829/--/-- 31 - The convict-free British colony of Western Australia is founded.
1829/--/-- 31 - The first U.S. encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia Americana, is begun.
1830/--/-- 32 - Belgium asserts its independence from the Netherlands.
1830/--/-- 32 - British geologist Charles Lyell begins publishing his Principles of Geology.
1830/--/-- 32 - Fructuoso Rivera is elected as first president of Uruguay.
1830/--/-- 32 - George Catlin begins his paintings of North American Indians about this time.
1830/--/-- 32 - Greece becomes independent from Turkey.
1830/--/-- 32 - Hector Berlioz composes his first major work the Symphonie Fantastique.
1830/--/-- 32 - Indian Removal Act moves eastern Indians west of Mississippi
1830/--/-- 32 - Joseph Smith founds the Mormon church at Fayette, New York.
1830/--/-- 32 - Louis Philippe is chosen as the citizen king of France.
1830/--/-- 32 - Philipon publishes the satirical weekly La Caricature, with contributions by Daumier.
1830/--/-- 32 - Polish rebellions are suppressed by Russia.
1830/--/-- 32 - Simon Bolivar resigns as dictator of Gran Colombia, he dies later in the year.
1830/--/-- 32 - The Indian Removal Act is passed to move the southeastern tribes to Indian Territory.
1830/--/-- 32 - The July Revolution in France forces the abdication of Charles X.
1830/--/-- 32 - The Women's magazine Godey's Lady's Book is published in the U.S.
1830/--/-- 32 - The locomotive Best Friend of Charleston is in use on the first U.S. railroad.
1830/--/-- 32 - William IV succeeds George IV as king of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1831/--/-- 33 - British naturalist Charles Darwin sails to South America aboard H.M.S. Beagle.
1831/--/-- 33 - Cyrus McCormick invents a mechanical reaper.
1831/--/-- 33 - Explorer James Clark Ross determines the position of the north magnetic pole.
1831/--/-- 33 - Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Mazzini founds the Young Italy movement.
1831/--/-- 33 - Jose Antonio Paez becomes the first president of Venezuela.
1831/--/-- 33 - King Louis Philippe founds the French foreign legion.
1831/--/-- 33 - Leopold I is selected as the first king of Belgium.
1831/--/-- 33 - Michael Faraday demonstrates his theory of electromagnetic induction.
1831/--/-- 33 - Nat Turner leads a black slave revolt in Virginia; he is captured and hanged.
1831/--/-- 33 - Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin completes his masterpiece Eugene Onegin.
1831/--/-- 33 - The crown colony of British Guiana (Guyana) is formed.
1831/--/-- 33 - Victor Hugo "Hunchback of Notre Dame"
1831/--/-- 33 - William Lloyd Garrison publishes the abolitionist newspaper the Liberator.
1832/--/-- 34 *** Faulkner, William Alexander [Husband] & Bolton, Ellen - Married
1832/--/-- 34 - George Sand (Aurore Dudevant) publishes her first novel Indiana.
1832/--/-- 34 - Japanese artist Hiroshige begins work on Fifty-three Stages of the Tokaido.
1832/--/-- 34 - Samuel F.B. Morse designs improved electromagnetic telegraph
1832/--/-- 34 - The Black Hawk War is the last major Indian conflict east of the Mississippi River.
1832/--/-- 34 - The Democratic party is formally established as a national organization.
1833/--/-- 35 - A Bavarian prince becomes King Otto of Greece.
1833/--/-- 35 - Britain occupies the Falkland Islands.
1833/--/-- 35 - Carl von Clausewitz's classic study of warfare On War is published.
1833/--/-- 35 - General Santa Anna becomes president of Mexico.
1833/--/-- 35 - Isabella II succeeds Ferdinand VII, King of Spain; the Carlist Wars begin.
1833/--/-- 35 - President Jackson withdraws federal deposits from the Bank of the United States.
1833/--/-- 35 - Santa Anna elected President of Mexico
1833/--/-- 35 - The American Anti-Slavery Society is inaugurated in Philadelphia.
1833/--/-- 35 - Victor Hugo's novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame is published in English.
1834/--/-- 36 - A Quadruple Alliance is formed to aid Isabella II of Spain and Maria II of Portugal.
1834/--/-- 36 - American inventor Jacob Perkins patents the first practical ice-making machine.
1834/--/-- 36 - British politician Sir Robert Peel founds the Conservative Party.
1834/--/-- 36 - Indian Territory founded
1834/--/-- 36 - Slavery abolished in British Empire
1834/--/-- 36 - The Carlist Wars resume in Spain.
1834/--/-- 36 - The Hansom cab is designed; it becomes the standard horse-drawn cab in London.
1834/--/-- 36 - The Whig party is formed to oppose Andrew Jackson and the Democratic party.
1835/--/-- 37 - American settlers begin the Texas Revolution against Mexican rule.
1835/--/-- 37 - Attempts to move the Seminole Indians begins the second Seminole War.
1835/--/-- 37 - Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen publishes Tales Told for Children.
1835/--/-- 37 - French politician Alexis de Tocqueville publishes Democracy in America.
1835/--/-- 37 - James Gordon Bennett founds the New York Herald newspaper.
1835/--/-- 37 - Second Seminole War in Florida
1836/--/-- 38 - American educator William Holmes McGuffey begins editing his Readers.
1836/--/-- 38 - American inventor Samuel Colt begins manufacturing the first revolver.
1836/--/-- 38 - American literary figure Ralph Waldo Emerson founds the Transcendental Club.
1836/--/-- 38 - Arkansas is inaugurated as the 25th state of the Union.
1836/--/-- 38 - Boer (Afrikaner) settlers begin the Great Trek into the South African interior.
1836/--/-- 38 - Bolivian president Santa Cruz invades Peru and forms the Peru-Bolivian Confederation.
1836/--/-- 38 - Charles Barry designs Westminster Palace in the Gothic Revival style.
1836/--/-- 38 - Charles Dickens publishes his first popular work The Pickwick Papers.
1836/--/-- 38 - John C. Calhoun supports the gag rules to prevent Congress debating slavery.
1836/--/-- 38 - Republic of Texas forms
1836/--/-- 38 - Russian author Nikolai Gogol writes his play The Inspector General.
1836/--/-- 38 - Santa Anna's army storms the Alamo in Texas, killing the defenders.
1836/--/-- 38 - Texans under Sam Houston defeat Santa Anna at the San Jacinto River.
1836/--/-- 38 - Texas Revolution
1836/--/-- 38 - The Arc de Triomphe, the world's largest triumphal arch, is completed in Paris.
1837/--/-- 39 - Britain's refusal to grant more home rule in Canada leads to the Rebellions of 1837.
1837/--/-- 39 - British scientist Charles Wheatstone designs an electric telegraph system.
1837/--/-- 39 - Charles Dickens "Oliver Twist"
1837/--/-- 39 - Louis Daguerre invents the daguerreotype method for taking permanent photographs.
1837/--/-- 39 - Martin Van Buren (Democrat) becomes president of the United States
1837/--/-- 39 - Michigan is inaugurated as the 26th state of the Union.
1837/--/-- 39 - Mikhail Lermontov writes the Death of a Poet, inspired by the death of Pushkin.
1837/--/-- 39 - Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin is killed in a duel.
1837/--/-- 39 - Scottish historian Thomas Carlyle publishes The French Revolution.
1837/--/-- 39 - Seminole Indian leader Osceola is captured.
1837/--/-- 39 - Van Buren is inaugurated as the 8th U.S. president; Johnson becomes vice-president.
1837/--/-- 39 - William IV dies; Victoria succeeds him as Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1837/06/-- 39 - Victoria succeeds as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland.
1838/--/-- 40 - Boer (Afrikaner) leader Andries Pretorius defeats the Zulus at the Battle of Blood River.
1838/--/-- 40 - British artist Joseph Mallord William Turner paints the Fighting Temeraire.
1838/--/-- 40 - Charles Wilkes heads a U.S. Navy expedition to Antarctica.
1838/--/-- 40 - Cherokee "Trail of Tears"
1838/--/-- 40 - French philosopher Auguste Comte inaugurates the science of sociology.
1838/--/-- 40 - Iowa Territory organized
1838/--/-- 40 - John Deere develops a steel-tipped plow capable of turning heavy prairie soil.
1838/--/-- 40 - Samuel F.B. Morse develops the Morse code for electric telegraph systems.
1838/--/-- 40 - Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatrick Macmillan makes the first pedal-driven bicycle.
1838/06/08 40 - Victoria crowned Queen of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Will
1839/--/-- 41 - American inventor Charles Goodyear develops the vulcanization of rubber.
1839/--/-- 41 - Chile defeats Santa Cruz's Peru-Bolivian Confederation at the Battle of Yungay.
1839/--/-- 41 - Daguerre invents first form of photography
1839/--/-- 41 - French novelist Stendhal writes The Charterhouse of Parma.
1839/--/-- 41 - Hungarian composer and pianist Franz Liszt embarks on a concert tour of Europe.
1839/--/-- 41 - Jose Rafael Carrera captures Guatemala; the Central American Federation is dissolved.
1839/--/-- 41 - Stephens and Catherwood explore Maya ruins in the Yucatan.
1839/--/-- 41 - The Anglo-Afghan Wars begin in Afghanistan.
1839/--/-- 41 - The Opium Wars begin between Britain and China.
1839/--/-- 41 - Theodor Schwann and Matthias Jakob Schleiden formulate the cell theory.
1840/--/-- 42 - Civil War breaks out in Uruguay between the Colorados (reds) and Blancos (whites).
1840/--/-- 42 - Edgar Allen Poe: "Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque"
1840/--/-- 42 - French philosopher and anarchist Pierre Joseph Proudhon writes What is Property.
1840/--/-- 42 - Horatio Greenough's classical statue of George Washington is strongly criticized.
1840/--/-- 42 - Maori chiefs sign over their tribal lands to Queen Victoria in the Treaty of Waitangi.
1840/--/-- 42 - Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg.
1840/--/-- 42 - Swiss-American naturalist Louis Agassiz postulates his theory of ice ages.
1840/--/-- 42 - The Liberty party is founded in Albany, N.Y. based exclusively on an antislavery platform.
1840/--/-- 42 - The Underground Railroad is active in helping escaping slaves in the U.S.
1840/--/-- 42 - The first adhesive postage stamp, the Penny Black, is issued in London.
1840/--/-- 42 - The metric system of measurement is reinstated in France.
1840/--/-- 42 - Upper and Lower Canada are united in the single Province of Canada.
1840/--/-- 42 - Upper and lower Canada united
1840/01/10 42 *** Faulkner, Louisa Jane [Daughter] - Born to Faulkner, William Alexander and Bolton, Ellen Smithland, Lincoln, TN
1841/--/-- 43 - Edgar Allan Poe writes an early detective story The Murders in the Rue Morgue.
1841/--/-- 43 - George Grey is appointed governor of South Australia to help save the colony.
1841/--/-- 43 - Harrison is inaugurated as the 9th U.S. president; Tyler becomes vice-president.
1841/--/-- 43 - Horace Greeley founds the New York Tribune newspaper.
1841/--/-- 43 - Italian ballerina Carlotta Grisi creates the role of Giselle.
1841/--/-- 43 - John Tyler (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1841/--/-- 43 - Muhammad Ali defeats the Ottomans and becomes the hereditary ruler of Egypt.
1841/--/-- 43 - New Zealand is established as a separate British colony.
1841/--/-- 43 - President Harrison dies; John Tyler is inaugurated as the 10th U.S. president
1841/--/-- 43 - Whig prime minister Lord Melbourne resigns; he is succeeded by Sir Robert Peel.
1841/--/-- 43 - William Henry Harrison (Whig) becomes president of the United States
1841/--/-- 43 - William Henry Talbot patents the calotype photographic process.
1842/--/-- 44 - 10-hour day for children under 12 in Massachusetts
1842/--/-- 44 - American explorer John C. Fremont begins surveying the Oregon Trail.
1842/--/-- 44 - American showman P.T. Barnum discovers the 40-inch midget Tom Thumb.
1842/--/-- 44 - Austrian physicist Christian Johann Doppler predicts the Doppler effect.
1842/--/-- 44 - China cedes Hong Kong to Britain.
1842/--/-- 44 - China is defeated in the first Opium War; Chinese ports are opened to British trade.
1842/--/-- 44 - Italian composer Gaetano Donizetti writes his opera Don Pasquale.
1843/--/-- 45 *** Bolton, Ellen - Died
1843/--/-- 45 - A coup in Greece forces King Otto to accept a constitutional monarchy.
1843/--/-- 45 - Black American Sojourner Truth begins her reform mission.
1843/--/-- 45 - Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard publishes Either/Or.
1843/--/-- 45 - English art critic John Ruskin begins publishing Modern Painters.
1843/--/-- 45 - German astronomer Samuel Schwabe discovers the sunspot cycle.

In 1798 Transportation was by:
          Foot
          Horse
          Sailing ship
          Bicycle
By 1843 Transportation was by:
          Train
          Steamboat
in addition.
By 1843 Transportation by:
          Sailing ship
had been discontinued.

In 1798 Communications was by:
          Word of Mouth
          Post Office

In 1798 Food Preparation was by:
          Wood

In 1798 Entertainment was by:
          Social Intercourse
          Organized Sports
          Travel
          Professional Sports
          Movies
          Radio
          Television
          Theme parks
          Computer

In 1798 Health Care was by:
          Operations
          Anesthetic
          X-Rays
          MRI

In 1798 War Making was by:
          Calvary
          gun
          Artillery
          Submarine

In 1798 Navigation was by:
          Stars & Maps
          Compass

from the SFHR database of Duane Bristow 02-04-2016 10:04:01


Index

Family and Social Relations

of Bolton, Ellen 1798/--/--

Index

Last revised 02/04/16.