Scientific Discoveries and Technological Inventions of Man

Before the dates below people did not have the knowledge or access to the technology described.
It was a very different world!

Scientific Discoveries in the fields of:


Technological Inventions in the fields of:

See Very Important Ideas below.


Astronomy and Space Exploration


Biology


Geology


Physics and Chemistry


Mathematics


Psychology and psychiatry


Energy


Weapons for War and Hunting


Transportation


Communications


Medicine and Health


Construction, Shelter and Clothing


Food and Agriculture


Very Important Ideas


Neolithic Revolution - 8,000 to 12,000 years ago

Sailboat - 4th millennium BC

The Abacus - 3rd millennium BC

The lever - 3rd millennium BC

The nail - 2nd millennium BC

Earth is round - Pythagoras - 6th century BC

The Wheel - 3,500 BC

Cement - 1st millennium BC

Archimedes' screw - 3rd century BC

Writing - 3,200 BC

Paper - 2nd century

Gunpowder - 10th century

Paper money - 11th century

The Compass - 12th century

The Book of Calculation - Leonardo of Pisa - 1202

Optical lenses - Italy - 1268 to 1289

The Printing Press - Gutenberg - 1430

The mechanized clock - 15th century

On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres - Nicolaus Copernicus - 1543

Germ theory of disease - Girolamo Fracastoro - 1546

Gregorian calendar - 1582

Meditations of First Philosophy - Rene Descartes - 1641

Principia Mathematica - Isaac Newton - 1686

The steam engine - Thomas Newcomen - 1712

The Sextant - 1757

The moldboard plow - 18th century

The Wealth of Nations - Free Markets - Adam Smith - 1776

Declaration of Independence - Thomas Jefferson - 1776

Cotton Gin - Eli Whitney - 1793

Vaccination - Edward Jenner - 1796

Photography - early 19th century

Sanitation Systems - water & sewage & solid waste - mid 19th century

Oil refining - mid 19th century

The telegraph - Samuel Morse - 1837

Anesthesia - 1846

Industrial steelmaking - Bessemer process - 1850s

Origin of Species - Charles Darwin - 1859

Oil drilling - 1859

Pasteurization - Louis Pasteur - 1863

Das Kapital - Karl Marx - 1867

Periodic Table of the Elements - Dmitri Mendeleev - 1869

The Telephone - Alexander Graham Bell - 1876

Electricity - Thomas Edison - 1879

Steam turbine - 1884

Internal Combustion Engine - late 19th century

Air Conditioning - 1902

Airplane - Wright Brothers - 1903

Theory of Relativity - Albert Einstein - 1905

Radio - 1906

The Assembly Line - Henry Ford - 1913

Symmetries give rise to conservation laws. - Amalie “Emmy” Noether - 1915

Theory of the Unconscious - Sigmund Freud - 1915

Nitrogen fixation - Fritz Haber - 1918

Scientific plant breeding and genetics - 1920s

Rocketry - 1926

The Uncertainly Principle - Werner Heisenbert - 1927

Electric refrigerator - 1927

Penicillin - Alexander Fleming - 1928

The Combine Harvester - 1930s

Nuclear fission - 1939

Television - Early 20th century

The Idea of Human Rights - 1945 and later.

A Mathematical Theory of Communication - Claude Shannon - 1948

Cybernetics - Norbert Wiener - 1948

The Green Revolution - Norman Borlaug - 1945-1970

DNA structure - James Watson and Francis Crick - 1953

Semiconductors - John Bardeen, William Shockley and Walter Brattain - 1956

NASA created - 1958

Birth control pill - 1960

Chaos Theory - Edward Lorenz - 1963

Mandelbrot Set - Benoit Mandelbrot - 1973

Personal computer - Commodore, Apple, Radio Shack - late 1970s

World Wide Web - Tim Berners-Lee - 1989

The Human Microbiome Project - 2008

Capital in the Twenty-First Century - Thomas Piketty - 2013



August 19, 2013

January 30, 2016