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War of the Minds - Archive - War I

An Internet Contest

We have a winner of War I

Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has accumulated 730 points.

Choose from below:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Archives - War I

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Standings in the War - I

Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com - 730 points
M McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net - 420 points
Jeanne Lostracco - email: Jeanne2882@aol.com - 240 points
Soumen Nandy - email: buckstop@nandy.com - 160 points
Scott Lancer - email: x95lancer@wmich.edu - 100 points
Chuck McGowan - email: charles@wsdot.wa.gov - 100 points
Joe Koval - email: jpk129@psu.edu - 40 points
Simon Brault - email: brault.simon@baznet.ic.gc.ca - 40 points
Meri O'Donnell - email: ODONNELL@pacevm.dac.pace.edu - 40 points
Mike Kares - email: mkares@ppm2000.com - 40 points
Kris Green - email: keg@greenhse.netkonect.co.uk - 20 points
Mary Beth Broderick - email: mbroderi@apollo.umenfa.maine.edu - 20 points
Ben Vonk - email: BVonk@CIEE.ORG - 20 points
Jane Junge - email: janej@idir.net - 20 points
Susan Troxel - email: smtroxel@vax2.rain.gen.mo.us - 20 points
Randy Shavis - email: shavisr@erols.com - 20 points
Ted Smith - email: tsmith@aaas.org - 10 points
Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

War I - battle 21
1. Forestry
In the study of wildlife management what happened at the Kaibab Penisula is often used as an example to illustrate one of the basic principles of population dynamics. Where is the Kaibab Penisula? What happened there? What principle does this illustrate?
2. Computers
When an MS-DOS computer is first turned on it begins reading the hard disk drive by reading the master record located at track 0, head 0, sector 1 or, if reading a floppy disk, it reads the boot record there. The master record contains the Disk Partition Table which contains the location of the boot record. The boot record begins with a three byte jump instruction which allows room in the following bytes for the 8 byte system name and the BIOS Parameter Block. What essential information is contained in the BIOS Parameter Block?
3. Philosophy
This author of "The Spy Who Spoke Porpoise", "They Both Were Naked", and "Generation of Vipers" wrote in his "Essay on Morals" that the steps that lead to Carl Jung's hypothesis and the hypothesis itself are:
  1. Man is an animal.
  2. Animals, including man, are governed by instinct.
  3. Hypothesis: Instinct has taken form in man as legend.
  4. Theory of the Law of Opposites which governs instinctual activity: compensation, complement and conservation operate subjectively just as they do in the objective world.
Who was this author?
4. Sports
What sports stadium was built on Coogan's Bluff?
 
 
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has a grand slam, 160 more points and is the winner of War number I with her answers to questions:
1. In the Kaibab National Forest in Arizona, hunters were allowed to shoot cougars that were preying on the abundant deer population. This continued until only a few cougars were left.

With their primary predator gone, the deer of the area increased so rapidly that they consumed more forage than the Kaibab could produce. The deer stripped the forest and destroyed large areas of forage in the Grand Canyon National Park as well. The famished deer grew feeble, and many defective fawns were born.

Finally, deer hunting in the Kaibab was permitted, in the hope that the size of the deer herd would drop until the range could accommodate it. In addition, the few surviving cougars were protected to allow them to multiply. They then resumed their ecological niche of keeping the herd size down and of killing those deer not vigorous enough to be good breeding stock.

The principle illustrated here is of the problems inherent to upsetting the balance of the natural ecological relationship among species. Other examples with far-reaching consequences include the introduction, whether deliberate or inadvertent, of exotic species that prey upon or otherwise overcome native species.

Also illustrated was the principle that the number of animals in a given habitat cannot exceed the carrying capacity of that habitat.

Anne's answer was dated Mon, 16 Dec 1996 08:10:57 -0500 (EST)

2. The boot sector includes a 'BIOS Parameter Block' (BPB) which contains essential information concerning the disk and is structured like this:

         Byte Label  Meaning                         Values
                                                     boot/ss/ds

         $0   BRA.S  branch to boot code             60 38/00 00
         $2   ....   reserved bytes for OEM code     ....
         $8   SERIAL 24 bit serial number            ....
         $B   BPS    # of bytes per sector, LSB/MSB  00 02
         $D   SPC    # of sectors/cluster (2)        02
         $E   RES    # of reserved sectors, LSB/MSB  01 00
         $10  NFATS  # of FATs (2)                   02
         $11  NDIRS  # of directory entries, LSB/MSB 70 00
         $13  NSECTS # of sectors on media, LSB/MSB  D0 02/D0 02/A0
         05
         $15  MEDIA  description byte of media       F8/F8/F9
         $16  SPF    # of sectors/FAT, LSB/MSB       05 00
         $18  SPT    # of sectors per track, LSB/MSB 09 00
         $1A  NSIDES # of sides on media, LSB/MSB    01 00/01 00/02
         00
         $1C  NHID   # of hidden sectors, LSB/MSB    00
         $1E  ....   boot code if any                ....

              The values described here refer to typical values found
         on a TOS boot disk, a single-sided and a double sided
         non-boot disk. If only one value appears, it is the same on
         all three, if two values appear, then ss and ds are the
         same.

Anne's answer was dated Mon, 16 Dec 1996 07:51:24 -0500 (EST)

3. The author was Philip Wylie.

Anne's answer was dated Mon, 16 Dec 1996 07:07:02 -0500 (EST)

4. Coogan's Bluff was the site of the Polo Grounds, home of the New York Giants.

Anne's answer was dated Mon, 16 Dec 1996 07:06:43 -0500 (EST)

 
 

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War I - battle 20
1. Forestry
The total aggregate of all environmental factors affecting the survival and growth of a given tree species can be expressed in a numeric form foresters call site index. What is the definition of site index and what two tree measurements are necessary to determine it?
2. Computers
In MS-DOS assembly language programming a NEAR procedure call pushes how many bytes onto the stack? (Hint: It pushes the current IP.) How does a FAR call differ?
3. Philosophy
A philosopher and anthropologist, he was born in 1907 and wrote "The Immense Journey", a book of essays of biological philosophy. Who was this Nebraskan?
4. Culture
Life gets more exciting with each passing day,
and love is either in your heart or on its way.

If you should survive to a hundred and five,
Look at all you'll derive out of being alive.

Fairy tales can come true.
It can happen to you.

If you're _______________________?

 
 
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 20 more points with her answer to question:
1. Site index is the total height to which dominant trees of a given species will grow on a given site at some index age, usually 50 or 25 years in the Southeast. (Dominant trees are the tallest trees in the stand.)

Therefore, the two measurements are the "height" of the dominant trees and the "length of time" it takes for trees of that species to reach that particular height.

If it is stated that an area has a site index for loblolly pine of 70 feet at 50 years, then we expect loblolly seedlings planted on that area today to be 70 feet tall in 50 years.

(Index age and tree species must be stated when referring to site index because the site index of one species will be different from the site index of another species growing on the same area.)

[from the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service]

Anne's answer was dated Sun, 1 Dec 1996 10:53:19 -0500 (EST)

 
 
Mike Kares - email: mkares@ppm2000.com
has 20 more points with his answer to question:
2. A near call pushes only the current offset (2 bytes), whereas a far call needs to push the segment and offset (4 bytes).

Mike's answer was dated Mon, 2 Dec 1996 09:57:55 -0500 (EST)

 
 
Michael McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 40 more points with his answers to questions:
3.The Nebraskan was Loren Eiseley
and
4. ... young at heart!

Michael's answer to question 3 was dated Sun, 1 Dec 1996 08:08:05 -0500(EST)
and to question 4 was Sun, 1 Dec 1996 08:13:40 -0500 (EST)

 
 

Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 19
1. Forestry
John, a forester, while taking a walk with his niece and nephew came upon a large oak tree in a field. He began answering their questions about where trees come from, how they grow, etc. Then they began discussing the uses of wood, the value of trees, and the size of that particular tree. Since John did not have his forestry equipment with him he cut a stick the length of his arm from his eye to his outstretched hand. He held the stick upright in his hand perpendicular to his extended arm and began backing away from the tree until he could sight across the bottom of the stick at the base of the tree and across the top of the stick to the top of the tree. What was John up to? What would he do next?
2. Computers
What is a hash table?
3. Philosophy
What is the difference between predestination and predetermination?
4. History
The "Warrior Pope" hired Donato Bramante. What job did he hire him to do? Who was the "Warrior Pope"?
 
 
Scott Lancer - email: x95lancer@wmich.edu
has 80 points with his answers to questions:

1. John was estimating the height of the tree. He would next measure (likely by measured paces) the distance on the ground from where he was standing to the tree. The height of the tree would be approximately the same as the distance from John to the tree.

3. Predestination refers to a divine order that something must come to pass. Predetermination refers to the settling of events before they happen, planning a specific outcome. Predetermination is practiced by man, not a deity.

4. Donato Bramante was an architect, assigned the task of designing the Cathedral of St. Peter. The 'Warrior Pope' was Julius II.
The "Warrior Pope" because he formed the Swiss Guards and used them to suppress various rebellions against the Pope. He also hired Michelangelo Buonarroti to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

Scott's answers were dated Sun, 17 Nov 1996 11:38:31 -0500(EDT)

 
 

Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 20 more points with her answer to question:
2. Hash Table = An array of pointers indexed by a hash function, used in a hashing scheme to provide rapid access to data items which are distinguished by some key.
I use hash tables, for instance, to allow almost instant access by a key based on the patient's name to medical records in a database which may contain as many as 20 or 30 thousand records.

Anne's answer to question 2 was dated Sun, 17 Nov 1996 14:46:05 -0500 (EST)

 
 

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War I - battle 18
1. Forestry
What is a Biltmore stick? Where did it get that name?
2. Computers
If a string is located and defined in BASIC by means of a three byte pointer, what is the maximum number of bytes in the string?
3. Philosophy
What is the subject of "Summerhill" by A. S. Neill?
4. Religion
When Cyrus the Persian was King of Babylon, he worshipped an idol called Bel. Bel was said to eat each day twelve bushels of fine flour, forty sheep, and fifty gallons of wine. Daniel told the King, "This Bel of yours is only clay inside and bronze outside, and has never eaten anything." The King, of course, did not believe Daniel. How did Daniel prove his point? Where did all the food go? Specifically, where do we find this story?
 
 
For the first time we have joint winners to a question:

Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 10 more points with her answer to question:
1. The 25" Biltmore Cruiser Stick is used to estimate standing timber. The stick features 4 scales:

  1. Inches
  2. Biltmore scale [thus the name] to determine tree diameter
  3. Merritt Hypsometer scale to determine tree heights up to 144 feet
  4. Scribner Decimal C scale to determine board footage in 16 ft. logs.
($27.80 in 1994-1995 Ben Meadows catalog, the one closest to computer!)
Actually this is a cruiser's stick that includes a biltmore stick.

Anne's answer to question 1 was dated Mon, 4 Nov 1996 07:37:31 -0500(EST)

Ted Smith - email: tsmith@aaas.org
has 10 points with his answer to question:
1. 'Biltmore Stick' because it was used at the Biltmore Forestry School in NC, one of US's first forestry schools.
Gifford Pinchot, the first head of the U. S. Forest Service, was one of the first instructors at Biltmore Estates.

Ted's answer to question 1 was dated Mon, 4 Nov 1996 12:56:25 -0500(EST)

 
 
Mike Kares - email: mkares@ppm2000.com
has 20 points with his answer to question:
2. Two bytes are required to reference the string's location in memory. This leaves 1 byte to hold the length of the string -- the highest number that this byte can reference is 256 (0 to 255), so 256 characters.

Mike's answer to question 3 was dated Wed, 6 Nov 1996 17:07:01 -0500(EST)

 
 
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 20 more points with her answer to question:
3. Summerhill [school] was begun by A. S. Neill in 1921. His intention was to create a school where children could develop freely without coercion or fear:
"We set out to make a school in which we should allow children freedom to be themselves. In order to do this we had to renounce all discipline, all suggestion, all moral training, all religious instruction. We have been called brave, but it did not require courage. All it required was what we had - a complete belief in the child as a good, not an evil being.....this belief in the goodness of the child has never wavered; rather it has become a final faith."

Anne's answer to question 3 was dated Mon, 4 Nov 1996 07:28:07 -0500(EST)

 
 
Michael McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 20 more points with his answer to question:
4. Daniel proved his point by covering the floor with ashes. When the priests of Bel entered through a secret entrance they left footprints in the ashes (which they could not see as it was night-time). The priests were the ones who consumed the flour, wine, etc.. This was cut off from the end of Daniel.
This story appeared in the Greek version of the Book of Daniel in the old testament but did not appear in the Hebrew version and so was left off the King James and other later "approved" versions.

Michael's answer to question 4 was dated Tue, 5 Nov 1996 07:34:48 -0500 (EST)

 
 

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War I - battle 17
1. Forestry - unanswered
A green tree of forests of the Eastern United States; it has pinnately compound opposite net-veined deciduous leaves 6 to 15 inches long with 3 to 9 leaflets. It has a superior ovary with a 5 parted calyx and 4 to 6 stamens. The flowers are imperfect and the trees are dioecious. The fruit is a double samara each half long winged and one seeded. What is the scientific or latin name of this species?
2. Computers
This question is a nostalgic question for those in on the beginning of the computer age. In Crowther and Woods' "Colossal Cave Adventure" written in the early 1970s the first problem after entering the cave is the huge green fierce snake which blocks the passageway. How does one get past the snake?
3. Philosophy
After relativity he searched for the Unified Field Theory. Who was he? For what was he searching? What would be its philosophical significance?
4. History
In 1873 Henry Wickham arrived in the Amazon River basin. He was on a secret mission for the British government. Why was he in Brazil? Was his mission a success?
 
 
Michael McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 80 more points with his answers to questions:

2. You get past the snake by throwing the bird at it.
For more information see The story of Colossal Cave and A WWW Simulation of Colossal Cave

3. Einstein's search for a Unified Field Theory was an attempt to unify the forces of nature (electromagnetism, weak-nuclear force, strong -nuclear force, gravity) into a single all-encompassing 'Theory of Everything' which would explain all physical phenomenon and might be considered 'The End of Physics'.
For more information see A Philosopher's Home Page.

4. Henry Wickham was sent to Brazil to bring rubber trees to England, and he did, 70,000 seeds of Hevea brasiliensis, 3,000 of which germinated successfully.
As a result the English established rubber tree plantations in Asia. Today 90% of the world's natural rubber comes from trees in Asia descended from Wickham's seeds.

M. McColm's answer to question 2 was dated Wed, 16 Oct 1996 02:14:51 -0400 (EDT)
and his answer to question 3 was dated Wed, 16 Oct 1996 01:12:53 -0400 (EDT)
and his answer to question 4 was dated Wed, 16 Oct 1996 02:01:21 -0400 (EDT)

 
 
War number I has ended now and question 1 above was the only question left unanswered. Several people sent in the answer Ash, fraxinus spp. This answer was not correct due to an incorrect number of stamens and parts to the calyx. Also the samaras of ash are winged on the tip not long winged. After he was told that the tree was not ash, one visitor did figure out that it was Box Elder but, of course, that answer did not count. The correct answer is Box Elder, Acer negundo. This is the only member of the maple family in the eastern United States with compound leaves.
 
 

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War I - battle 16
1. Forestry
Kentucky bourbon soaks in solitude for years in quite warehouses built on Kentucky hillsides as it absorbs the flavor of the charred white oak barrels. Bourbon barrels are never made of red oak. Why not?
2. Computers
In hexidecimal format what is the sum of 1234h and ABCDh? What is the product of 2Ah and 2?
3. Philosophy
Late 19th and early 20th century American philosopher and perhaps the greatest single force in re-shaping our conception of education, his best known work was Human Nature and Conduct.
4. Literature
One of the few American authors to win the Nobel prize for literature, he had a poodle named Charley. Who was he? For what work did he win the prize? Name two other Americans who also won the Nobel prize for literature.
 
 
Scott Lancer - email: x95lancer@wmich.edu
has 20 points with his answer to question:

1. Bourbon barrels are never made of red oak because the bourbon would actually leak through the extremely porous wood.
The pores in white oak wood are closed by deposits of sap and minerals while red oak is said to be porous because the pores are open.

Scott's answer was dated Wed, 2 Oct 1996 15:33:21 -0400(EDT)

 
 
Michael McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 80 more points with his answers to questions:

2. I calculated the sum of 1234h and ABCDh by first converting the numbers to decimal form. 1234h = (4x1 + 3x16 + 2x16(squared) + 16(cubed)) = 4660 and ABCDh = (13x1 + 12x16 + 11x16(squared) + 10x16(cubed) = 43 981. The sum of these is 48 641. I calculated the product of 2Ah and 2 similarly. 2Ah = (10x1 + 2x16) = 42 , and 42x2 = 84. In hex, the sum is BE01 and the product is 54.

3. The philosopher is John Dewey.

4. The author, John Steinbeck, won the Nobel prize for literature in 1962 for 'The Winter of our Discontent'
Sinclair Lewis and Ernest Hemingway are two Americans other than John Steinbeck who have won the Nobel prize for literature.
I thought the book was "The Grapes of Wrath". On further research it seems that the Nobel prize is given to the person for his works in general, not for a specific work. "The Grapes of Wrath" won the Publitzer. One of his last books was "Travels with Charley".

M. McColm's answer to question 2 was dated Tue, 1 Oct 1996 16:56:15 -0400 (EDT)
and his answer to question 3 was dated Tue, 1 Oct 1996 02:37:19 -0400 (EDT)
and his answer to question 4 was dated Tue, 1 Oct 1996 03:48:25 -0400 (EDT)

 
 

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War I - battle 15
1. Forestry
What is Endothia parasitica?
and What has been its economic effect on the forests of North America?
2. Computers
A recent article in the New York Times listed six major computer languages still in general use. They are Cobol, Basic, Pascal, C, C++, and Java. I was surprised that this list did not include the so-called science language or engineer's language. What language is this?
3. Philosophy
What is Chaos Theory and how does it apply to philosophy?
4. History
In the middle of the night large bands of armed men on horseback called "night riders" raided farms burning barns and beating farmers and their families. They captured towns in western Kentucky and burned warehouses. This was part of an episode in American history known as the "Black Patch" war. When did this occur and what was the cause of the "Black Patch" war?
 
 
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 40 more points with her answers to questions:
1. Endothia parasitica is a facultative parasite which caused a huge epidemic of Chestnut Blight beginning in the early 1900's in the US and resulted in almost complete destruction of the US Chestnut, Castanea dentata, population.
The chestnut trees were almost all dead by the 1930s.
2. The computer programming language used by scientists and engineers is FORTRAN.

Anne Lurie's answer to question 1 was dated Mon, 16 Sep 1996 14:50:23 -0400
and her answer to question 2 was dated Mon, 16 Sep 1996 07:44:37 -0400 (EDT)

 
 
Michael McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 40 more points with his answer to questions:
3. Chaos Theory is concerned with the behaviour of systems and particularly with our ability to measure those systems (i.e. weather systems). All scientists realize that no measurement will ever have absolute precision; while this seems to doom determinism, it was the conventional thinking that if the error was 'insignificant' that any error in predictions made with such data would be proportionaly insignificant. Unfortunately Chaos Theory revealed that tiny errors could change the result of predictions greatly over time. This is known as the 'butterfly effect'. Thus it would seem that we have been dealt a setback in our efforts to 'predict the future' from initial conditions and Physical Law.

4. The 'Black Patch' War of 1904-1909 was fought over an important Kentucky crop, tobacco. The war put an end to a tobacco buying monopoly held by a number of companies.

M. McColm's answer to question 3 was dated Mon, 16 Sep 1996 19:43:00 -0400 (EDT)
and his answer to question 4 was dated Thu, 19 Sep 1996 01:37:16 -0400 (EDT)

 
 

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War I - battle 14
1. Forestry
What is the scientific (latin) name of the tree which has leaves, fruits, and twigs like this?
It is a decidious tree common in the Eastern United States and one of the most valuable timber species.

2. Computers
The title of this web page is "War of the Minds". Its URL is http://www.kyphilom.com/duane/warmind.html. If you type that URL into your web browser you may get access to this page on the WWW. Or you may get a message, "failed DNS lookup" or something similiar. If you do get such a message you may still be able to access the page by typing the URL as http://206.2.192.35/duane/warmind.html.
What do the following terms mean? What could be the cause of the message "failed DNS lookup" and why would you still be able to access the page by using the second form of the address?
3. Philosophy
One of the newest branches of Philosophy involves the study of beauty. What is this branch called?
4. Literature
Author of "Man with a Bull Tongue Plow" and "Taps for Private Tussie"?
 
 
Michael McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 40 more points with his answers to questions:

1. The tree is the red oak, quercus rubra.
One of the most valuable veneer species for furniture manufacture and for export.

2.

A DNS allows us to identify other computers on the internet without having to remember their numeric address (n.n.n.n.). If you receive a 'DNS lookup failed' it means that the browser's attempt to find a numeric address associated with its URL (i.e. www.webcom.com...) was unsuccessful. By specifying a site's (a computer's) numeric address you can get by any problems with the DNS.

M. McColm's answers were dated Sun, 1 Sep 1996 03:25:27 -0400 (EDT)

 
 
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 40 points with her answers to questions:
3. Aesthetics is the study of beauty.

4. Man with a Bull Tongue Plow and Taps for Private Tussie were written by Jesse Stuart.
A Kentucky author and school teacher from Greenup county, he wrote tales of the land I knew when I was a teenager. I read his books and wrote to him. He wrote me a nice letter in which he encouraged me to keep reading.

Anne Lurie's answer to question 3 was dated Sun, 1 Sep 1996 09:53:29 -0400 (EDT)
and her answer to question 4 was dated Sun, 1 Sep 1996 10:06:07 -0400 (EDT)

 
 

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War I - battle 13
1. Forestry
What is the apical meristem?
2. Computers
In regard to the FAT what are lost clusters and what are cross linked clusters?
3. Philosophy
Who wrote "The Conscience of a Conservative"? How was he linked to Miller?
4. Poetry
"I wanted the gold, and I sought it;
I scrabbled and mucked like a slave.
Was it famine or scurvy--I fought it;
I hurled my youth into a grave.
I wanted the gold, and I got it--
Came out with a fortune last fall--
Yet somehow life's not what I thought it,
and somehow the gold isn't all.

Name the poem and the poet?

 
 
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
once again wins 160 points in one battle with her answers to questions:

1. Meristems are regions of plant tissue actively involved in cell division and production; i.e., where plants grow.
Apical meristems are regions at or near the tip of an axis. Two main types are "Root Apical Meristem" and "Shoot Apical Meristem."
So the apical meristem is the growing tip of roots and stems where elongation takes place as opposed to the cambium of a woody plant where growth in diameter occurs.

2. FAT stands for File Allocation Table, the "table of contents" for a computer's hard disk.
Lost clusters are sections of the disk that are not assigned to any file.
but are identified as being assigned to a file. This usually occurs because of a power failure when data is being added to a file but before the FAT is updated to reflect the added clusters.
Cross-linked clusters claim the same section of the hard disk.
They are clusters of disk sectors that are linked into the file cluster chains of more than one file so that the data they contain actually is read as a part of two or more files. This is a rare occurrence.

3. "Conscience of a Conservative" was written by Barry M. Goldwater, 1960. Barry Goldwater and William Miller were Republican Presidential & Vice Presidential candidates in 1964.
Appropriate at this time of Republican National Convention.

4. This quote is from "The Spell of the Yukon" by Robert W. Service.

Anne Lurie's answers were dated Fri, 16 Aug 1996 07:34:51 -0400 (EDT) thru Fri, 16 Aug 1996 08:10:40 -0400 (EDT)

 
 

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War I - battle 12
1. Forestry
In temperate climates the wood of tree stems shows annual rings by which, as most people know, one can tell the age of the tree. These rings can also be used to tell the growth history of the tree and they enable a professional forester to draw some conclusions about the history of the stand as a whole. Why do annual rings occur?
2. Computers
In the original IBM-PC and the IBM-PC XT, IRQ 2 was unused and IRQ 3 was used by COM1. In the AT or 386 class PC, IRQ 2 was said to be cascaded. What does this mean and why was it done?

If a device installed in an XT and using IRQ 2 was put into an AT class machine it would work fine but it would not actually use IRQ 2. What IRQ would it use?

3. Philosophy
"Nothing is worthwhile; everything is futile. For what does a man get for all his hard work?

Generations come and go but it makes no difference. The sun rises and sets and hurries around to rise again. The wind blows south and north, here and there, twisting back and forth, getting nowhere. The rivers run into the sea but the sea is never full, and the water returns again to the rivers and flows again to the sea... everything is unutterably weary and tiresome. No matter how much we see, we are never satisfied; no matter how much we hear we are not content.

History merely repeats itself. Nothing is truly new; it has all been done and said before. What can you point to that is new? How do you know it didn't exist long ages ago? We don't remember what happened in those former times, and in the future generations no one will remember what we have done back here. "

Where do we read these words? Who is thought to have written them?

4. Math
Joe flips a quarter. Harry bets him a dime even money that it will land heads. It lands heads. Harry wins. They make the same bet again and the same thing happens.

After Harry wins the third toss, Joe begins to think. "The coin has landed heads three times in a row. It is very unlikely that a coin tossed would land heads four times in a row. (The actual odds are 1 in 16.) I have lost 30 cents. I need to regain my losses."

Joe says to Harry, "I will bet you one dollar against your 50 cents that the coin will not land heads again."

Should Harry take the bet? Explain?

 
 
M McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 20 more points with his answer to question:
1. The reason that annual rings occur is that the cells formed in the cambium during the spring (springwood) are differently shaped than the cells that form in the summer (You guessed it!, summerwood). This gives the appearance of rings.
The springwood cells are also larger than the summerwood cells due to the better growing conditions because of abundant moisture in the spring.
M. McColm's answer was dated Sun, 11 Aug 1996 01:15:08 -0400 (EDT)
 
 
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 40 points with her answers to questions:
2. In the AT or 386 class PC, IRQ 2 was cascaded, meaning that a request for IRQ 2 would actually use IRQ 9. This was done to "connect" the computer's two chips. A device installed using IRQ 2 in an XT would actually use IRQ 9.
and
3. This passage is from Ecclesiastes ("the Preacher"), wherein the Preacher is described as the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
Solomon is believed to have written this.

The quotation is from "The Book", one of the modern translations of the Bible, rather than from the more familiar KJV, King James Version.

Anne Lurie's answer to question 3 was dated Wed, 7 Aug 1996 07:46:52 -0400 (EDT)
and her answer to question 2 was dated Fri, 16 Aug 1996 12:14:26 -0400 (EDT)

 
 
Kris Green - email: keg@greenhse.netkonect.co.uk
has 20 points with her answer to question:
4. Yes, Harry should take the bet - the odds on each toss remain a 50:50 chance of heads (.5 probability)

Kris Green's answer was dated Thu, 1 Aug 1996 13:03:31 -0400 (EDT)

Steven Fisher - email: steven_fisher@pcmailgw.ml.com
answered the same question a few minutes later as follows:
4. Yes, the odds of the next toss being heads is 1:1 (or 50%) since each toss of the coin is an uniquely independent event. Harry should take the bet because he has a 50% shot to double his winnings on one toss (not the combo of four tosses!)

Steven Fisher's answer was dated Thu, 1 Aug 1996 13:31:40 -0400 (EDT)
Steven had a good answer but was a few minutes too late to get the points.

 
 

Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 11
1. Forestry
In cross section the tree stem consists of a center of pith, a zone of usually darkly colored wood, a zone of lightly colored wood, a layer of cells between the wood and the bark and, on the outside, the bark of the tree. Give the name of the type of tissue in each of these four zones outside the pith and the function of each.
2. Computers
The QWERTY keyboard was originally designed to be inefficient so that typists could not hit the keys fast enough to cause typewriter keys to jam. What is the name of the most popular keyboard purposely designed so that the keys are arranged for maximum efficiency in typing speed?
3. Philosophy

Today while the blossoms
still cling to the vine
I'll taste your strawberries
and drink your sweet wine.
A million tomorrows shall all pass away
Ere I forget all the joys that are mine
Today.

When walking, just walk,
When sitting, just sit,
Above all, don't wobble.

Sitting quietly, doing nothing,
Spring comes, and the grass grows by itself.

He who knows does not say.
He who says does not know.

4. History
He would have been murdered in his bed by a committee of his townspeople. But in September 622 he and Abu Bekr arrived in this town as a result of the Hegira. Who was he? Where did they arrive? What town did they flee?
 
 
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
is our first winner of 160 points in one battle with her answers to questions:
1. From the center out, a tree stem comprises the following:
PITH, the central region of parenchyma tissue
HEARTWOOD, which provides stiff internal support
SAPWOOD, which carries water and nutrients from roots to leaves
CAMBIUM, actively dividing cells; forming xylem tissues inwards and phloem cells outwards
BARK, a layer of dead phloem cells which protects the living cells underneath

The XYLEM cells, which conduct water and minerals, and the PHLOEM cells, which conduct nutrients, together comprise the VASCULAR BUNDLE.

The bark consists of an inner layer of living phloem cells which conduct sugars produced by the leaves downward and the other layer of dead cells described above to protect the living cells beneath

2. The Dvorak keyboard is the most commonly known alternative to the QWERTY keyboard, although it has failed to gain popularity, presumably due to the millions of keyboarders (AKA typists) unwilling or unable to master the new key arrangement.
3. Carpe Diem! Seize the day, and live life to the fullest, for ye shall not pass this way again.
Other acceptable answers besides an answer in kind as above would have been:
Zen, Tao, or Existentialist
or " "

4. Mohammed and Abu Bekr fled Mecca and arrived in Medina when Mohammed learned that the Qoreish tribe planned to kill him.

Anne Lurie's answers were dated Tue, 16 Jul 1996 17:26:31 -0400 (EDT)
and Wed, 17 Jul 1996 17:37:16 -0400

 
 

Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 10
1. Forestry
A measure of the density of tree growth in a timber stand is the per acre cross sectional area of tree stems at breast height (4 1/2 feet above the ground). What is this measure of stand density called?
2. Computers
Before the IBM-PC there were three microcomputers - the TRS-80, the Apple, and the Commodore Pet. It was felt that to sell computers one would have to be able to answer the question: "But what will it do?". So the industry looked for a killer application, a computer program that was so useful people would buy the computer just to be able to use that one program. The very first killer application had the very same initials as had the enemy American had fought ten years before and had called "Charlie". What was the name of this program and what general type of program was it?
3. Philosophy
While he was minding his own business as he lived in Uz they argued about his faith. As a result of the argument this just and innocent man lost his seven sons, his three daughters, his wealth and property, and became afflicted with terrible diseases. Who were they? Who was he? Where do we read of his afflictions? This story is a comment on the extent to which man is at the mercy of a universe beyond his control and his attitude toward this situation.
4. Sports
Explain the "infield fly rule", its purpose, and the circumstances under which it applies.
 
 
Mary Beth Broderick - email: mbroderi@apollo.umenfa.maine.edu
has 20 points with her answer to question:
1. The answer to the first question in War 1-battle 10 is "basal area." I am an aspiring soon to be forester myself.
Ms. Broderick's answer was dated Tue, 9 Jul 1996 17:52:23 -0400
 
 
  
M McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 20 more points with his answer to question:
2. The first killer app was VisiCalc.
It was a spreadsheet program.
M. McColm's answer was dated Tue, 2 Jul 1996 23:18:10 -0400
 
 
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 20 points with her answer to question:
3. This description refers to Job in the Bible.
Job's trials were caused by an argument between God and Satan about the depth of Job's loyalty to God.
Job argued with Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, Zophar the Naamathite, Elihu son of Barachel, and the Lord.
These friends of Job's had come to comfort him after he had lost all. They essentially argued whether he still owed loyalty to God after what had been done to him.

Anne Lurie's answer was dated Thu, 4 Jul 1996 16:44:23 -0400 (EDT)

 
 
Chuck McGowan - email: charles@wsdot.wa.gov
has 20 more points with his answer to question:
4. The "infield fly rule" of professional baseball is used so the defensive team doesn't take advantage of the situation where runners could be thrown out at their next advancing base when a pop-up in the infield occurs. The runners have to stay near the base where they are "safe" at during a pop up, as they cannot advance on any fly ball until after the ball is caught. The defensive team could easily drop the infield pop up, and pull off a double-, and possibly even a triple-, play with these runners stranded in limbo. The umpires determine whether the infield fly rule is in effect when the ball is popped up in the short outfield.
The conditions under which it is in effect are:
With runners on first and second base with less than two outs.
-or-
With the bases loaded and less than two outs.
Chuck's answer was dated Wed, 3 Jul 1996 10:30:20 -0400

Steven Fisher - email: steven_fisher_at_chibfs@pcmailgw.ml.com
also answered this question correctly but about six hours too late.

 
 

Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 9
1. Forestry
What is the scientific (latin) name of the tree which has leaves, fruits, and twigs like this?
It is a decidious tree common in the Eastern United States and one of the most valuable timber species.

2. Computers
In programming the Intel 80x86 chip, the assembly language command, "CMP AL, 07" when compiled into machine language by a compiler calls for what type of action when the resulting program is executed.
3. Philosophy
Pupil of Plato and tutor of Alexander the Great?
4. Literature
In the city on the hill the King, Priam, reigned with Hecuba, his Queen. Below on the plain where the river, Scamander, flowed to the sea, Agamemnon, son of Atreus and King of Argos, laid siege with his army. What story is this, in what book, written by whom? Who won the battle? How? Why the heck had Agamemnon come there with his army in the first place?
 
 
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 20 points with her answer to question:
1. This tree is the White Oak, Quercus alba.
Anne Lurie's answer was dated Thu, 4 Jul 1996 16:55:09 -0400 (EDT)
 
 
M McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 20 more points with his answer to question:
3. Aristotle was the tutor of Alexander the Great and a pupil of Plato.
M. McColm's answer was dated Sun, 16 Jun 1996 15:44:20 -0700
 
 
Chuck McGowan - email: charles@wsdot.wa.gov
has 20 more points with his answer to question:
4. The story is the Iliad, written by Homer. Agamemnon won the battle (actually, the Greeks did) by hiding his warriors in the wooden horse and leaving it for the Trojans. Agamemnon was there to retrieve his brother's wife, Helen, who had been given to Paris by Aphrodite. It's a long story....
The story of the Trojan War, one of the greatest works of literature ever written IMHO.
Chuck's answer was dated Tue, 18 Jun 1996 14:38:32 -0400
 
 
Soumen Nandy - email: buckstop@nandy.com
has 20 more points with his answer to question:
2. Well, it means CoMPare the low byte of Register A with the numeric value 7 (base ten, I believe) and set the Status Bits accordingly. A "compare" is like a 'subtract, only the result doesn't appear in the accumulator -- but the 'carry', 'zero', and other bits are set. It is often used with Branch commands like "branch on zero", 'branch if not equal', etc.
Soumen's answer was dated Fri, 21 Jun 1996 20:50:34 -0400
 
 

Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 8
1. Forestry
On the topographic map below the arrow marked 3 points to the text notation "BM 1148" and the circle marked one designates a hilltop. If all distances are in feet and the distance from the BM to the hilltop is 2300 feet horizonally what is the average percent slope within plus or minus 1%? What feature of topography is that area marked 2?

2. Computers
Tandy Corp. or Radio Shack began marketing one of the first microcomputers in the fall of 1977. It was the 4k TRS-80 Model I. What chip was used for the ALU of that computer?
3. Philosophy
The author of "Utopia" was beheaded because he refused to deny his allegiance to the Pope. Who was this author and what was the subject of his book which was considered the first of a particular type of books?
4. Sports
Who were the only two pitchers to ever pitch no-hitters through nine innings in the same baseball game?
 
 
Chuck McGowan - email: charles@wsdot.wa.gov
has 40 more points with his answers to questions:
1. The answers are: 28% slope and the feature of topography denoted by area "2" is a valley.
I am assuming that due to the resolution of his computer system, Chuck was unable to see the fainter topographic lines on the hilltop on the map which indicate that the hilltop is between 1840 and 1860 feet in elevation and instead used 1800 feet as the elevation of the hilltop. Actually using 1850 feet as the elevation the percent slope is about 30.5% (1850-1148)/2300. However, 28% is correct if one uses 1800 feet rather than 1850.
Chuck's answer was dated Mon, 3 Jun 1996 13:27:37 -0400

4. Frederick Toney and James Vaugh pitched 9 hitless innings each on May 2, 1917. Vaugh ended up losing after giving up two hits in the tenth.
James Vaughn was also known as "Hippo" Vaughn because it was said that he ran like one. Toney was pitching for the Reds and Vaughn for the Cubs."
Chuck's answer was dated Tue, 4 Jun 1996 17:10:27 -0400

 
 
Soumen Nandy - email: buckstop@nandy.com
has 40 more points with his answers to questions:
2. Z-80 (hence the name).
The Z-80 was made by Zilog corporation.
3. Thomas More. Utopia is often considered to be the first book in modern speculative fiction, a category that includes 'contemporary' socio-philosophical fiction and science fiction. (Many 'classical' Greek and Roman speculative works of fiction seem awfully modern to me, however!) It was also the first in an entire school of 'Utopian' fiction -- but I suppose that this distinction, although more clearly deserved than the other 'firsts' ascribed to this book, is rather an 'easy shot' and not the answer you intended. Still, I have difficulty giving primacy to Utopia over classical works and medieval Judeo-Arabic works (which had remarkably dramatic impact on European civilization as it moved out of the 'Dark Ages') -- especially since Utopia *was* originally written in Latin [as would be expected in the early 16th century] and so is difficult to class as "English literature" in the same manner as Shakespeare, etc. This is not to detract from More's novel, it was a remarkable work -- just as he was a remarkable man (see the play "A Man for All Seasons") who was eventually canonized a few weeks short of four centuries after his death (does that make him Saint Sir Thomas More; Saint Thomas Sir More; or as I suspect he would prefer, simply St. Thomas?)
Utopia is a tale of an imaginary country, run on fairly reasonable, rational principles (in stark contrast to the hodgepodge of power structures and traditions that marked England under Henry VIII!) resulting in the virtual synonymy of the invented word Utopia (Gk. 'no place') with an idyllic perfect world.
Soumen's answers were dated Tue, 4 Jun 1996 07:29:53 -0400
 
 

Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 7
1. Forestry
On the topographic map below the arrow marked 3 points to the text notation "BM 1148". What does this mean?

2. Computers
On the Internet "http" is an abbreviation for what?
3. Philosophy
What is the study of the nature of knowledge with reference to its limits and validity called?
4. History
Darius the Great, King of Persia, had an army which suffered only one defeat. 30,000 Persian soldiers were defeated by an army of 7,000 soldiers in 490 B. C. Who were the victors and what was the name of the battle and how far did the victors have to travel to return home from the battle.
 
 
Soumen Nandy - email: buckstop@nandy.com
has 80 more points with his answers to questions:
2. http is an abbreviation for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol or Hyper Text Transmission Protocol.
3. The study of the nature of knowledge with reference to its limits and validity is Epistemology.
4. The Greeks defeated the Persians in The Battle(s) of Marathon in 490 B.C. I assume the distance you're referring to is the distance traditionally asigned to the messenger's final run: 26 miles (and 385 yards)
This distance called a Marathon is the distance of a runner's Marathon. It is also the distance from the plain of Marathon, site of the battle, to the city state of Athens from whence the Greek warriors came.
Soumen's answers were dated Fri, 17 May 1996 14:53:45 -0400
 
 
Chuck McGowan - email: charles@wsdot.wa.gov
has 20 points with his answer to question:
1. BM 1148 indicates a Bench Mark of elevation 1148 units of height (i.e. feet or meters, whichever this map is using).
The term Bench Mark means that this elevation has been determined by an on-the-ground survey crew and that a concrete marker (BM) has been set at this location. Other elevations on topographic maps are determined from aerial photography and have not actually been checked on the ground.
Chuck's answer was dated Wed, 22 May 1996 18:00:54 -0400
 
 

Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 6
1. Forestry
On the topographic map below what type of geographic structure is circled and marked 1 and how far above sea level is it at its highest point.

2. Computers
A bit mapped image in 256 colors that is 640 X 480 pixels in size takes up how many kilobytes in uncompressed format?
3. Philosophy
"What is the meaning of Life?" as a philosophical question is similar to the legal question, "When did you stop beating your wife?". How so?
4. Sports
What was "Merkle's Boner" and what was its effect?
 
 
Susan Troxel - email: smtroxel@vax2.rain.gen.mo.us
has 20 points with her answer to question:
1. Hilltop, 1850 feet technically, it's between 1840 and 1860 feet.
Susan's answer was dated Mon, 6 May 1996 20:49:22 -0500 (CDT)
 
 
M McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 20 more points with his answer to question:
2. A bit mapped image in 256 colors that is 640 X 480 pixels in size takes up how many kilobytes in uncompressed format?
A 256 colour or 8-bit bit mapped image should take up 8 bits or 1 byte per pixel. This gives 640x480 (307,200) bytes per 640x480 pixel image. This corresponds to 307,200/1024 (300 Kb). Thus a 256 colour bitmap 640 pixels wide by 480 pixels high should take up 300 Kb in uncompressed format.
M. McColm's answer was dated Tue, 25 Jun 1996 03:58:37 -0700
 
 
Soumen Nandy - email: buckstop@nandy.com
has 20 points with his answer to question:
3. "What is the meaning of life?" contains the presumption that life has a single, defined meaning -- just as "When did you stop beating your wife?" presumes that one has indeed stopped and by extension that one has, indeed, beat one's wife.
Soumen's answer was dated Thu, 09 May 1996 17:10:29 -0400
 
 
Randy Shavis - email: shavisr@.erols.com
has 20 points with his answer to question:
4. Merkle's boner was his failure to tag second base after he thought the winning run had scored-an appeal called him out, costing the Giants a pennant, believe the year was 1908.
The Cubs won the pennant and went on to win the World Series.
Randy's answer was dated Sun, 12 May 96 07:45:33 -0700
 
 

Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 5
1. Forestry
On a topographic map what is the meaning of the term "contour interval = 20 feet"?
2. Computers
An MSDOS call to interrupt 10H affects what computer functions?
3. Philosophy
"What is the sound of one hand clapping?" is a koan from what religious philosophy?
4. History
The information revolution and the first dirt trail of what was to become the information super highway could be said to have had its beginnings in 1450-1455. Why?
 
 
Jeanne Lostracco - email: Jeanne2882@aol.com
has 80 more points with her answers to questions:
1. On a topographical map with a "contour interval = 20 ft." the contour lines, which are points connected on the map with equal elevations above sea level, would be drawn at 20 ft. increments.
3. "What is the sound of one hand clapping?" is a koan from what religious philosophy? - Zen Buddhism
4. During 1450-1455 the first reliable technology was perfected for the manufacture of individual, movable, pieces of "type". Credit is given to the German printer Johann Gutenberg. for inventing the printing press.
Jeanne's answers were dated Sun, 31 Mar 1996 21:39:58 -0500
 
 
M McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 20 more points with his answer to question:
2. An MSDOS call to interrupt 10H affects what computer functions?
An MSDOS call to interrupt 10H sets the video mode, thus it affects how output is displayed to the screen.
M. McColm's answer was dated Tue, 25 Jun 1996 04:16:59 -0700
 
 

Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 4
1. Forestry
In the United States there are three popular formulas or methods for estimating the number of board feet of lumber which can be produced from a given log. These are called "log rules". Name any two of these.
2. Computers
What does "BIOS" mean and what is its purpose?
3. Philosophy
What economic philosopher wrote "The Wealth of Nations"?
4. Literature
Who wrote "After Many a Summer Dies the Swan"? Name one other book written by this author.
 
 
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 20 points with her answer to question:
1. The three "log rules" for estimating the board feet of a tree are: Doyle, International, and Scribner.

Anne Lurie's answer was dated Wed, 7 Aug 1996 08:12:05 -0400 (EDT)

 
 
M McColm - email: memccolm@bconnex.net
has 20 points with his answer to question:
2. What does "BIOS" mean and what is its purpose?
"BIOS" stands for Basic Input Output System and is responsible for communication between different computer devices.
The use of a BIOS makes the DOS independent of the hardware and thus makes the DOS portable among systems.

This answer was dated March 26, 1996. 4:27

 
 
Meri O'Donnell - email: ODONNELL@pacevm.dac.pace.edu
has 40 points with her answer to questions:
3. Adam Smith wrote "The Wealth of Nations".
"The Wealth of Nations" is the manifesto of capitalism.
and
4. Aldous Huxley wrote "After Many a Summer Dies the Swan". Another title written by Huxley is "Brave New World."
Swan is about existentialism. Brave New World is about excessive governmental control.

This answer was dated March 26, 1996. 15:18

Pat Dintrone - email: patricia.dintrone@sdsu.edu
also answered these two questions correctly but about three hours too late.

 
 

Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 3
1. Forestry
What is the standard height for measuring the diameter of the trunk of a standing tree and what is this diameter called?
2. Computers
What is the purpose of a compiler?
3. Philosophy
His thoughts on the duty of civil disobedience inspired Gandhi. He was jailed because he refused to pay his taxes. He built a house and planted a bean field on the shores of Walden pond. Who was he?
4. Literature
Rima, bird girl of the Amazon jungle, was a creation of what author in what novel?
 
 
Jeanne Lostracco - email: Jeanne2882@aol.com
has 80 more points with her answers to questions:
2. The purpose of a compiler is to translate a program written in a high level language (source code) into machine level language so that it can be executed.
3.Henry David Thoreau
4.Rima was the creation of William Henry Hudson in "Green Mansions".

Jeanne's answers were dated March 9, 1996. 15:34

 
 
Jane Junge - email: janej@idir.net
has 20 points with her answer to question:
1. What is the standard height for measuring the diameter of the trunk of a standing tree and what is this diameter called?
The standard measurement of a tree is the diameter at breast height (DBH). This is measured 4 1/2 feet above the ground on the uphill side of the tree.

Jane's answers were dated March 24, 1996.


Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 2
1. Forestry
What is the scientific (latin) name of the tree which has leaves, fruits, and twigs like this?
It is an aromatic tree common in the Eastern United States with three types of leaves on the same tree.

2. Computers
ASCII - 65 decimal - is what character?
3. Philosophy
He was enlightened as he sat on "the immovable spot" under the Bo tree. Who was he?
4. History
Who was the famous son of Phillip of Macedonia?
 
 
Jeanne Lostracco - email: Jeanne2882@aol.com
has 80 points with her answers to questions:
2. ASCII - 65 decimal - is what character? - A (Capital A)
3. He was enlightened as he sat on "the immovable spot" under the Bo tree. Who was he? - Buddha
founder of Buddhism.
4. Who was the famous son of Phillip of Macedonia? - Alexander the Great
the Greek conqueror.

Jeanne's answers were dated Feb. 25, 1996. 23:01

 
 
Ben Vonk - email: BVonk@CIEE.ORG
has 20 points with his answers to question:
1. Identify the tree - Sassafras albidum

The answer was dated Mar. 4, 1996. 14:49

Sassafras - good for sassafras tea, farm gates, and wagon flooring.
A pioneer species abundant in abandoned and unmown fields - shade intolerant.


Jump back to the top.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
War I - battle 1
1. Forestry
What is the scientific (latin) name of the tree which has leaves, flowers, and twigs like this?
It is a decidious tree common in the Eastern United States.

2. Computers
How many nybbles are necessary to store the phrase, "Merry Christmas!"?
Quotation marks are not included.
3. Philosophy
What existentialist wrote "The Myth of Sisyphus"?
4. History
What was "Seward's Folly"?
 
 
Joe Koval - email: jpk129@psu.edu
has 40 points with his answers to questions:
1. Picture of tree leaves - Liriodendron tulipifera or Yellow Poplar
a shade intolerant tree pioneer in abandoned fields - State tree of Kentucky.
and
4. Seward's Folly - Name for Alaska after it was purchased by the United States from Russia.
The purchase was completed by Secretary of State, Seward.

Joe's answers were dated Feb. 9, 1996.

Simon Brault - email: brault.simon@baznet.ic.gc.ca
has 40 points with his answers to questions:
2. Nybbles necessary to store the phrase, "Merry Christmas!"? - 32
a Nybble is 4 bits. A byte is 8 bits.
and
3. Existentialist who wrote "The Myth of Sisyphus"? - Albert Camus
Existentialism has much in common with Zen Buddhism.

Simon's answers were dated Feb. 20, 1996, 11:50 am.


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