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War of the Minds - Archive - War V

An Internet Contest

We have a winner of War V

Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net has accumulated 700 points.


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Archives - War V

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Archives of Previous Battles - War V

War V - battle 18
1. Forestry
On the USGS topographic map below identify the three circled symbols.

Symbol number 1 is a triangle. The number "1517" is written there. What does this number mean?
see Answer
2. Computers
The color palette for a 256 color BMP file is coded as follows:
        color #    R   G   B
          0        0   0   0
          1        1   1   1
          2        2   2   2
          .        .   .   .
          .        .   .   .
          .        .   .   .
         255      255 255 255
What type of color scheme will a picture from this file exhibit?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
When Susanna, wife of Joakim, took off her clothing to bathe in the pool in the garden, she was accosted by two elders. When she refused their advances they accused her of adultery. As she was about to be put to death for this crime, Daniel was able to prove her innocence. How did he do this? Where do we read this story?
see Answer
4. History
He was called "Little Boots" in Latin. What was his real name?
see Answer
 
 
Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net
has 80 points for his answers to the questions below:
Russell's answers were dated Tue, 16 Feb 1999 12:39:53 -0500 (EST)
1. Forestry
Symbol one is a horizontal & vertical control station, a marker of some kind. (A bench mark.) The number is the spirit level elevation for the spot.
Symbol two means a school.
Symbol three is an open pit, mine, or quarry.
2. Computers
The picture will be in black & white, with 254 shades of gray in between.
In other words, a greyscale picture.
3. Philosophy
Daniel conducted separate hearings of the accusers. When their stories conflicted, they were put to death instead of Susanna. The story is from the book of Susanna - Apocrypha, not part of accepted canon (the Bible).
 
 
This question went unanswered in War V.
4. History
A.D. 12-A.D. 41, Roman emperor (A.D. 37-A.D. 41); son of Germanicus Caesar and Agrippina the Elder. His real name was Caius Caesar Germanicus. As a small child, he wore military boots, whence his nickname [caligula=little boot]. On the death of Tiberius the army helped make Caligula emperor.
 
 

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War V - battle 17
1. Forestry
Which of the following does not belong and why?
see Answer
2. Computers
Which of the following does not belong and why?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
Which of the following does not belong and why?
see Answer
4. Math
Supply the missing number in the following sequence:
see Answer
 
 
Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net
has a grand slam for 160 points for his answers to all four questions below:
Russell's answers were dated Mon, 1 Feb 1999 12:20:53 -0500 (EST)
1. Forestry
Gleditsia triacanthos doesn't belong - all the others are of the family Rosaceae.
Honey Locust is a legume.
2. Computers
The odd command out is FORMAT. It's an external command, as opposed to internal. Internal commands are contained in a file called COMMAND.COM, which is loaded into memory for faster access. External commands are accessed from disk.
3. Philosophy
My answer is Christian Huygens. I think the best explanation is this: he's dead, all the others are still alive (to the best of my knowledge). Here's another reason: all the others are involved in chaos theory and complexity studies. Huygens' contributions to science were on the nature of light, which is complicated but not in the same field.
4. Math
It is 121. It's a list of sixteen represented in bases 16 to 1 (hexadecimal....binary, unary). I got the answer by entering the following string in the Altavista search engine:
"+number +sequence +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +20 +22 +24 +31 +100 +10000 +1111111111111111"
I didn't really think the search would work, I was just fooling around.
 
 

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War V - battle 16
1. Forestry
The distinctive bark pattern of this tree, native to eastern United States, makes it easy to identify at a distance. The mottled brown and white pattern is caused by the exfoliation of the outer bark exposing the lighter creamy-white inner layers.

What species is this? Scientific name, please.
see Answer
2. Computers
The poem below:
        The fog comes
        on little cat feet.
           
        It sits looking
        over harbor and city
        on silent haunches
        and then moves on.
is encoded in this picture

How is it encoded there? You may get a hint from this picture:


see Answer
3. Philosophy
In 451-450 B.C. the law of the Twelve Tables was published. This brought to this people the same political tool that had first been used in Babylon in the time of Hammurabi about 1500 years before. Who were these people and what political system leading to what great empire were they developing? What was this political tool?
see Answer
4. History
What was the compromise of Camillus (367 B.C.)?
see Answer
 
 
Anne Lurie email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 20 points for her answer to the question below:
Anne's answer was dated Tue, 19 Jan 1999 18:17:43 -0500 (EST)
1. Forestry
Well, this sure looks like the beloved Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis, in my parents' yard, high above Lake Erie's waters!
See: http://www.hcs.ohio-state.edu/ODNR/Education/ohiotrees/sycamore.htm
 
 
Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Russell's answer was dated Mon, 18 Jan 1999 06:23:52 -0500 (EST)
2. Computers
There are pixels placed every 512 bytes of the gif file which represent ASCII codes. A gif file has 256 colors. Each of these colors is indexed 0 to 255. In this gif, the coded pixels' colors are indexed to ASCII code, which spells out the poem. The poem's beginning actually starts at the bottom of the picture, and ends at the top. I knew I had it when, using a paint program, I found the top pixels were indexed 10 13 10 13 - line feeds & carriage returns. The next few pixels were indexed 46 110 111 32 - .no[space] Then I knew the poem ran bottom to top, which I confirmed by examining the bottom of the picture.
Russell's answer as to how the poem is encoded is correct. However, his count is a little off as the ASCII codes for the poem are placed every 500 bytes not every 512 bytes.
 
 
Drew Smith - email: drewsmith@aol.com
has 40 points for his answers to the questions below:
Drew's answers were dated Sat, 16 Jan 1999 11:54:59 -0500 (EST)
3. Philosophy
The Twelve Tables were written by the 10 Consuls for the early Roman Republic, later to become the Roman Empire. It established a written legal code, protecting the people from justice based solely on the interpretation of judges. The laws found in the Twelve Tables form the foundation for later Western criminal and civil law.
4. History
Marcus Furius Camillus was a Roman dictator who made concessions to the plebeians by accepting the Licinian-Sextian reform laws in 367 BC. Among other proposals, this allowed plebeians to be consuls.
 
 

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War V - battle 15
1. Forestry
Foresters, Joe and Steve, were each sent to cruise two different timber tracts. They each collected data on 40 variable radius plots, returned to the office, analyzed their data and presented the following information to their boss.
                Joe's Data
         
        Acres - 10
        Plots - 40
        Basal Area - 80 square feet
        Trees/acre - 55
        Bd. ft./acre - 5000
        Coefficient of Variation of volume - .60
         
         
                Steve's Data
         
        Acres - 5000
        Plots - 40
        Basal Area - 55 square feet
        Trees/acre - 32
        Bd. ft./acre - 1500
        Coefficient of Variation of volume - .50
The boss said, "We need to be 95% confident that we are accurate within plus or minus 15% of actual volume on each cruise. You will both have to take additional plots to obtain this accuracy." On approximately how many additional plots should each forester collect data?
see Answer
2. Computers
Convert the 15 character string "War of the Mind" to a Base 64 encoded string.
see Answer
3. Philosophy
All-Father created the huge world ash tree whose tree branches support the earth. It has three roots, the spiritual, the terrestrial, and the infernal. It is watered by the Urdar fountain, Mimir's well, and the spring, Hvergelmir. What is the name of this tree?
see Answer
4. Logic
Four men and four women are shipwrecked on a desert island. Eventually each one falls in love with one other, and is himself loved by one person. John falls in love with a girl who is, unfortunately, in love with Jim. Arthur loves a girl who loves the man who loves Ellen. Mary is loved by the man who is loved by the girl who is loved by Bruce. Gloria hates Bruce and is hated by the man whom Hazel loves. Who loves Arthur?
see Answer
 
 
This question went unanswered in War V.
1. Forestry
See Forest Measurements from a field forester's perspective.
The formula is n=((t^2)*(CV)^2))/(AE)^2
and for 95% confidence t=1.960
For Joe n=1.96^2*.60^2/.15^2=61.4656 or 62 plots which is 22 more than he has already sampled.
For Steve n=1.96^2*.50^2/.15^2=42.6844 or 43 plots which is 3 more than he has already sampled.
Note that the number of plots required is not dependent on the size of the timber tract but on the amount of variation in the timber volumes.
 
 
Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Russell's answer was dated Fri, 1 Jan 1999 12:52:45 -0500 (EST)
2. Computers
V2FyIG9mIHRoZSBNaW5k
 
 
Anne Lurie email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 40 points for her answers to the questions below:
Anne's answers were dated Fri, 1 Jan 1999 10:44:01 -0500 (EST)
3. Philosophy
The tree is Yggdrasil, the symbol of Life, Time, and Destiny
4. Logic
Assuming 1) that all relationships are Male/Female, and 2) that no person both loves and is loved by the same person,
Gloria loves Arthur.
In full, the circle looks like this:
Gloria > Arthur > Hazel > Bruce > Ellen > John > Mary > Jim > Gloria
 
 

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War V - battle 14
1. Forestry
This evergreen has very white wood.

What are its common and scientific names?
see Answer
2. Computers
Using an image editing program to work with a particular graphic image may involve loading the image from disk, editing it, and then saving it a number of times. When I do this I use an image format such as GIF or BMP but never JPEG. Why not?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
In the 1960's this playwright argued in a book that wars and aggressive behavior were manifestations of a killing instinct evolved as men became successful carnivores (hunters). He then wrote two other popular books about territoriality and social behavior. Who was this author and what were the names of his three books?
see Answer
4. Literature
His epic poem told about the legendary founding of the Roman nation by survivors of the destruction of Troy. It also contained an explanation for the historical animosity between Carthage and Rome. Who was this poet and what was the name of his poem named for his heroic Trojan character?
see Answer
 
 
Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net
has 80 points for his answers to the questions below:
Russell's answers were dated Wed, 16 Dec 1998 09:39:27 -0500 (EST)
1. Forestry
Holly, also known as Ilex opaca
2. Computers
JPEG is a "lossy" format, that is it loses information when an image is saved. Each time you saved an image, it would be degraded somewhat. When you edited and saved again, more loss would occur.
BMP and GIF, OTOH, are non lossy formats.
According to Drew Smith - email: drewsmith@aol.com
A good explanation can be found at www.scantips.com/basics09.html
4. Literature
Virgil (70-19 BC) wrote the Aeneid, about the hero Aeneas, who escaped Troy with his father and young son Ascanius. Virgil said that Ascanius was the ancestor of all Romans.
 
 
Drew Smith - email: drewsmith@aol.com
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Drew's answer was dated Wed, 16 Dec 1998 10:45:27 -0500 (EST)
3. Philosophy
Robert Ardrey
African Genesis (1961), The Territorial Imperative (1966), The Social Contract (1970)
see information about his papers, and a brief biography.
 
 

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War V - battle 13
1. Forestry
The parasitic shrub below has been believed to extinguish fires, promote conception and ward off evil spirits.

What is its common name?
see Answer
2. Computers
Introduced in 1983 it contained a twiggy floppy disk drive and one megabyte of memory. It was a window based rather than a text based system. What was the name of this revolutionary computer and what uncommon input device did it use?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
In contemporary society the Rachels vs. Sullivan debate concerns what moral question today much in the news due to the actions of whom?
see Answer
4. Logic
A recent murder case centered around the six men, Clayton, Forbes, Graham, Holgate, McFee, and Warren. In one order or another these men were the victim, the murderer, the witness, the policeman, the judge, and the hangman. The facts of the case were simple. The victim had died instantly from the effect of a gunshot wound inflicted at close range. The witness did not see the crime committed, but swore to hearing an altercation followed by a shot. After a lengthy trial the murderer was convicted, sentenced to death, and hanged. What role did each man play in this unfortunate melodrama?
see Answer
 
 
Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net
has 40 points for his answers to the questions below:
Russell's answers were dated Tue, 1 Dec 1998 15:03:56 -0500 (EST)
2. Computers
I think that would have to be the Lisa. The Mac wasn't introduced until 1984, I believe. I think it had a unique disk drive, found on no other computer (twiggy?) That uncommon input device would be a mouse.
3. Philosophy
This issue concerns euthanasia, brought to the fore by Dr. Jack Kevorkian of assisted suicide fame.
See: Euthanasia (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
 
 
John Rudin - email: John.Rudin.jrudin@nt.com
has 40 points for his answers to the questions below:
John's answers were dated Tue, 1 Dec 1998 11:17:56 -0500 (EST)
1. Forestry
Mistletoe
4. Logic
A working solution is:
Clayton - Policeman
Forbes - murderer
Graham - witness
Holgate - victim
McFee - Judge
Warren - hangman.
Of course, in this case the judge knew both the victim and the murderer, and shouldn't have been allowed to hear the case. But it fulfills all requirements.
 
 

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War V - battle 12
1. Forestry
Foresters soon learn to evaluate the quality of a site for timber growth by means of the understory vegetation, flowering annuals and perennials and shrubs.
Which of the following would probably not be at home growing in a moist north facing appalachian cove forest which included in the overstory hemlock, beech, sugar maple and yellow poplar? (Hint: 2 out of 8.)
see Answer
2. Computers
Daughter of a famous English poet, she was enlisted to translate a description of a machine from the Italian original. She corresponded with the inventor of the machine and wrote notes on her translation describing a general purpose computer which she said could be used for music and graphics as well as for mathematical calculations. Who was she? Who was her famous father, whom she never knew? Who was the inventor of the machine? What was the machine called? When did this occur?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
"Under a government which imprisons any unjustly, the true place for a just man is also a prison."
"I ... do not wish to be regarded as a member of any incorporated society which I have not joined."
"If I had known how to name them, I should then have signed off in detail from all the societies which I had never signed on to; but I did not know where to find a complete list."
"I was put into a jail once ... for one night; and, as I stood considering the walls of solid stone, two or three feet thick, the door of wood and iron, a foot thick, and the iron grating which strained the light, I could not help being struck with the foolishness of that institution which treated me as if I were mere flesh and bones, to be locked up."
He argued that it is a man's duty to disobey unjust laws and that if even one man will do so consistently and pay the consequences that will be the beginning of the end of those laws.
Name the well known essay and the philosopher.
see Answer
4. Science
What is the purpose of the "Fly's Eye" in the Utah desert?
see Answer
 
 
Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net
has a grand slam and 160 points for his answers to all four questions below:
Russell's answers were dated Mon, 16 Nov 1998 12:14:56 -0500 (EST)
1. Forestry
Gaultheria procumbens and Passiflora incarnata.
2. Computers
Ada Lovelace, daughter of George Gordon Byron. (Lord Byron)
Charles Babbage invented the Difference Engine, around 1825. He had plans for an even more complex machine, the Analytical Engine. Unfortunately, the precision needed to produce the components was not available at the time.
Interesting reading:
The Difference Engine, by William Gibson and Bruce Sterling, in which Babbage's invention sparked the computer age in Victorian England.
Also see:
Ada Lovelace: Founder of Scientific Computing and
Ada Byron, Lady Lovelace and
Charles Babbage
3. Philosophy
Henry D. Thoreau in "Civil Disobedience"
4. Science
The Fly's Eye is a cosmic ray detector.
 
 

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War V - battle 11
1. Forestry

In regard to autumn color sort the following species of trees and shrubs of eastern United States into two groups as to whether the leaves are predominately red or yellow in the fall.

see Answer
2. Computers
My network uses BNC T type connectors with terminators at each end. I am limited to 30 nodes in a 185 meter maximum length segment. Am I using bus, ring, or star topology?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
Belief that god is present in all of nature, rather than transcending it.

Belief that God is the universe and the universe is God or, more generally, that the universe is divine.

Doctrine that identifies God with the whole universe, every particle, tree, table, animal, and person being part of Him.

Doctrine that God is the transcendent reality of which the material universe and human beings are only manifestations: it involves a denial of God's personality and expresses a tendency to identify God and nature.

Tenents of this belief were expressed in some manner by:
Fichte, Schelling, Hegel, Schleiermacher, Spinoza, Giordano Bruno, Eckhart, Boehme, Erigena, Xenophanes, John Toland, Rousseau, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Goethe, Tennyson, Whitman, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Friedrich Nietzsche, Ernst Haeckel, Zen Buddhists, North American Indians, Neoplatonists, Stoics , Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Heraklitus, Zeno of Cittium, Marcus Aurelius, and Plotinus.

What is the name of this belief?
see Answer

4. Literature
For Halloween:

  
      Eye of newt and toe of frog, 
           Wool of bat and tongue of dog.
       
      What are these 
           So wither'd and so wild in their attire, 
           That look not like the inhabitants o' the earth, 
           And yet are on 't? 
       
      Fair is foul, and foul is fair:
           Hover through the fog and filthy air.
Identify the work and the author?
see Answer
 
 
This question went unanswered in War V.
1. Forestry
Red in fall Yellow in fall
 
 
Drew Smith - email: drewsmith@aol.com
has 80 points for his answers to the questions below:
Drew's answers were dated Sun, 1 Nov 1998 12:07:58 -0500 (EST)
2. Computers
The network specifications define a 10Base2 Ethernet (see http://www.hinckley.net/tt- etherref.html). Ethernet uses a bus topology (see http://www.smallbusinessnet.com/winntcw/register/winnt/pt2_0.htm).
3. Philosophy
pantheism
See: http://www.speakeasy.org/~demiurge/pantheism.html
4. Literature
Macbeth, by Shakespeare.
 
 

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War V - battle 10
1. Forestry
Is the relationship between the position of an animal in the food chain and the carrying capacity for that animal in its environment direct or indirect? Explain.
see Answer
2. Computers
Considering HTML, how many words are between the quotations marks in the following sentence:
"There are more than thirteen words in this sentence because some, are invisible."
see Answer
3. Philosophy
"I believe in Spinoza's God who reveals Himself in the orderly harmony of what exists, not in a God who concerns himself with fates and actions of human beings."
This is a quote from what famous scientist?
see Answer
4. Math
Lewis Carroll's Problem
As cited by M. Gardner in his Mathematical Circus.
      A bag contains a counter, known to be either white or black. A
      white counter is put in, the bag is shaken, and a counter is drawn
      out, which proves to be white. What is now the chance of
      drawing a white counter? 

see Answer
 
 
Steven Skelton - email: Steven.Skelton@hhsc.state.tx.us
has 40 points for his answers to the questions below:
Steven's answers were dated Fri, 16 Oct 1998 17:06:10 -0400 (EDT)
1. Forestry
The relationship between an animal's position in the food chain and the carrying capacity of the environment for that animal is direct because, by definition, the 'carrying capacity' is the no. of animals allowable in terms of resources. A 'resource' is either vegetation for herbivores or (solely or partly) other animals for non-herbivores. Higher-placed animals predate on other animals, who in turn either predate on others or are herbivores. The carrying capacity for a predator depends on a greater carrying capacity of potential victims; therefore, the lower on the food chain the greater # of animals that can be carried by the environment.
2. Computers
15 words -- "like these" is set to not display. It can be seen via 'view source'
 
 
Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net
has 40 points for his answers to the questions below:
Russell's answers were dated Fri, 16 Oct 1998 21:41:59 -0400 (EDT)
3. Philosophy
Albert Einstein
4. Math
2 in 3
See: Education, Mathematics, Fun, Lewis Carroll
 
 

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War V - battle 9
1. Forestry
Which of the following does not belong?
see Answer
2. Computers
Why would changing your Windows '95 MTU from 1500 (the default) to 576 speed up Internet performance?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
What 17th century Irish satiric writer wrote the proposal below?
What social problem was he satirizing?
      I have been assured by a very knowing American of my 
      acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well 
      nursed is at a year old a most delicious, nourishing, and 
      wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled; 
      and I make no doubt that it will equally serve in a 
      fricassee or a ragout. 
       
      I do therefore humbly offer it to public consideration that 
      of the hundred and twenty thousand children already 
      computed, twenty thousand may be reserved for breed, whereof 
      only one-fourth part to be males; which is more than we 
      allow to sheep, black cattle or swine; and my reason is, 
      that these children are seldom the fruits of marriage, a 
      circumstance not much regarded by our savages, therefore one 
      male will be sufficient to serve four females. That the 
      remaining hundred thousand may, at a year old, be offered in 
      the sale to the persons of quality and fortune through the 
      kingdom; always advising the mother to let them suck 
      plentifully in the last month, so as to render them plump 
      and fat for a good table. A child will make two dishes at an 
      entertainment for friends; and when the family dines alone, 
      the fore or hind quarter will make a reasonable dish, and 
      seasoned with a little pepper or salt will be very good 
      boiled on the fourth day, especially in winter. 
       

see Answer
4. Music
Song Lyrics:
        This land is mine, God gave this land to me
        This brave and ancient land to me
        And when the morning sun reveals her hills and plain
        Then I see a land where children can run free
        
        So take my hand and walk this land with me
        And walk this lovely land with me
        Though I am just a man, when you are by my side
        With the help of God, I know I can be strong
Click here for an audio clue.
What land?
see Answer
 
 
Drew Smith - email: drewsmith@aol.com
has a grand slam and 160 points for his answers to all four questions below:
Drew's answers were dated Fri, 2 Oct 1998 15:49:52 -0400 (EDT)
1. Forestry
Malacosoma disstria, the forest tent caterpillar. The rest are fungi (causing forest diseases).
2. Computers
The MTU represents the size of packets that your system transmits to and from the Internet. However, the standard size of an Internet packet is 576 bytes. If your computer's MTU does not match the size of packets on the Internet, then time is lost converting the packets.
3. Philosophy
17th century Irish satiric writer Jonathan Swift (no doubt best known for his "Gulliver's Travels") wrote what is usually called "A Modest Proposal", to satirize the problem of poverty among the Irish, especially as it affected the children. He was angry with the treatment of the starving poor by the rich at that time.
4. Music
Israel. The lyrics were written by Pat Boone, for the song which first appeared in the 1960 film "Exodus".
 
 

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War V - battle 8
1. Forestry
Which of the following does not belong:
see Answer
2. Computers
Xmodem, Ymodem, Zmodem. Which is the most efficient and allows recovery from an interrupted transmission?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
This Dominican Saint and Scholastic incorporated reason into theology with a philosophy holding that faith and reason constitute two harmonious realms; theology and science cannot contradict each other. Who was this 13th century theologian?
see Answer
4. Literature
She was a rose of Sharon, a lily of the valleys. Her cheeks were like halves of a pomegranate. Her two breasts were like two fawns that feed among the lilies.
He was as an apple tree among the trees of the wood. He was like a gazelle or a young stag. He pastured his flock among the lilies.
The voice of the turtledove was heard in the land.
Where do we read of this couple? (Hint: Its not in the Starr Report.)
see Answer
 
 
Anne Lurie email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 20 points for her answer to the question below:
Anne's answer was dated Thu, 17 Sep 1998 19:01:35 -0400 (EDT)
1. Forestry
[I confess that I'm speaking totally without research in this answer, simply my perception.]
I believe that James Watt is the "odd man out" in the list.
Although he was "officially" responsible for environmental protection (Secretary of the Interior?), many people believe that he had a rather negative impact in that area [frankly, to my mind, nearly enough to offset the work done by all the rest, combined].
I believe it was during Watt's tenure that the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) was known in some circles as the "Bureau of Logging & Mining."
Anne Lurie
Member: The Nature Conservancy
Past Member: Board of Directors, local chapter of National Audubon Society
 
 
Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net
has 80 points for his answers to the questions below:
Russell's answers were dated Wed, 16 Sep 1998 16:56:15 -0400 (EDT)
2. Computers
Zmodem (I think - it's a guess, mainly)
Correct though.
3. Philosophy
St. Thomas Aquinas
4. Literature
Song of Solomon in the Bible
 
 

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War V - battle 7
1. Forestry
The major introduced pest of eastern United States hardwood forests is native to Europe and Asia. It was originally introduced in Massachusetts in 1869 in an effort to begin a commercial silk industry in the United States. Identify this tree defoliator which spreads over long distances when egg masses are unknowingly transported from infested areas on vehicles.
see Answer
2. Computers
History of Computers
The Model 1 came with 4Kb RAM standard. The built in Basic, called Basic Level 1, was extremely limited. It had only 26 possible variables, labelled A-Z of course, and one and only one integer array variable, called A(). The monitor was basically an RCA TV with the tuner removed. Storage was on cassette tape. Most Model 1s were upgraded to 16Kb and Level 2 Basic. Additional expandability was gained through the Expansion Interface. This fair sized box connected to the back of the Model 1 via a short ribbon cable. The monitor then sat on top of the Expansion Interface. With an Expansion Interface, you could add additional memory, control serial devices, use two tape decks instead of just one, and control up to four floppy drives.

Identify this early microcomputer first marketed to the public in the late 1970s.
see Answer
3. Philosophy
Two positions in the philosophy of mind are:
  1. Mental states and brain activities are identical. Mind is essentially material in nature.
  2. Minds and mental events are made of a spiritual substance which is distinct from one's material body.
What terms do philosophers use to name each of these positions?
see Answer
4. Math
Water flowing from two pipes into a vat can fill the vat in 2 hours. It takes the smaller pipe alone 3 hours longer than the larger pipe. One day both pipes were opened simultaneously. At the end of 2 hours it was discovered that one pipe had become clogged and the vat was only half full. How many hours would each pipe alone require to fill the vat? Which pipe became clogged and how long was it clogged?
see Answer
 
 
Anne Lurie email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 40 points for her answers to the questions below:
Anne's answers were dated Tue, 1 Sep 1998 18:15:56 -0400 (EDT)
1. Forestry
This is the Gypsy Moth, Lymantria dispar. It was accidentally introduced near Boston, MA by E. Leopold Trouvelot.
See: http://www.fs.fed.us/ne/morgantown/4557/gmoth/
2. Computers
The computer pictured is a TRS-80 from Radio Shack (sometimes known, not affectionately, as a "Trash 80.")
 
 
Drew Smith - email: drewsmith@aol.com
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Drew's answer was dated Tue, 1 Sep 1998 22:48:10 -0400 (EDT)
3. Philosophy
The first is "monism" (See http://artsci.wustl.edu/~philos/MindDict/monism.html) and the second is "dualism" (See http://artsci.wustl.edu/~philos/MindDict/dualism.html). I would have answered this one earlier, but I forgot when the questions were being released. That just shows that "The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak." How dualistic of me!
 
 
J Taylor - email: joselito@worldnet.att.net
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
M. Taylor's answer was dated Tue, 01 Sep 1998 20:31:47 -0400 (EDT)
4. Math
Answer:
  
         The large pipe takes 3 hr to fill the tank
         The small pipe takes 6 hr
         The large pipe plugged after 30 minutes
 
Let V = volume of tank
Let S = hourly flow rate through small pipe
Let L = hourly flow rate through large pipe
 
Let T = time, in hours, to fill tank with large pipe
therefore the time to fill the tank with the small pipe is T+3
 
Using only the large pipe to fill the tank takes T hours, thus
         V = T L
and using only the small pipe to fill the tank takes T+3 hours, thus
         V = (T+3) S
 
Rearranging these equations gives:   T L  =  (T+3) S
Which gives the equation:      L/S = (T+3)/T
 
Using both pipes to fill the tank takes two hours, thus
V = 2S + 2L
Dividing both sides of this equation by S gives:
V/S  =  2  + 2L/S
 
V/S is the time, in hours, to fill the tank using only the
small pipe, which is T+3.  Thus...
 
T+3  =  2  +  2L/S
 
Substituting (T+3)/T for L/S (see above)...
T+3 = 2 + 2 (T+3)/T
T+1 = (2T + 6)/T
T*T + T = 2T + 6
T*T - T - 6 = 0
and factoring gives:
(T-3)(T+2)=0
 
Solving for T gives 3 or -2; barring time travel, this cannot be -2, so
T=3
Thus T = 3   and  T + 3 = 6
 
As for which pipe plugged... if the small pipe plugged at the beginning, then 
the large pipe ran for 2 hours, but this would fill the tank to 2/3 full.  If 
the small pipe plugged sometime during filling, the volume would be even 
greater than 2/3 full. Therefore, for the tank to be only half full requires 
that the large pipe plugged. 
 
When did the large pipe plug? The small pipe ran for two hours, and takes 6 
hours to fill the tank, so the small pipe fills the tank 1/3 full. Thus the 
remaining tank volume that was filled is equal to 1/6 of the total tank 
volume.  The large pipe takes 30 minutes to fill the tank 1/6 full. 
 
 
 

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War V - battle 6
1. Forestry
What is the scientific name of this understory tree of the southern and mid-western United States? It is a member of the legume family. It often is seen blooming profusely on abandoned fields on hillsides in eastern Kentucky in early spring.


see Answer
2. Computers
What is the output of the following program?
 
    A$="Bad Dog!"
    T=0
    FOR Z=1 TO LEN(A$)
       T=T+ASC(MID$(A$,Z,1))
    NEXT Z
    PRINT T
 

see Answer
3. Philosophy
Searle's "Chinese Room" argument concerns what philosophical question?
see Answer
4. Math - Topology
The first one-sided surface (pictured below) was discovered in the early nineteenth century and is named for its discoverer. What is it called?


see Answer
 
 
Anne Lurie email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 80 points for her answers to the questions below:
Anne's answers were dated Sun, 16 Aug 1998 11:35:18 -0400 (EDT)
1. Forestry
The tree pictured is the Redbud, Cercis canadensis.
3. Philosophy
The Chinese Room -- Description:
Imagine you are sitting in a room with a library of rule books, a bunch of blank exercise books, and a lot of writing utensils. Your only contact with the external world is through two slots in the wall labeled "input" and "output". Occasionally, pieces of paper with Chinese characters come into your room through the "input" slot. Each time a piece of paper comes in through the input slot your task is to find the section in the rule books that matches the pattern of Chinese characters on the piece of paper. The rule book will tell you which pattern of characters to inscribe the appropriate pattern on a blank piece of paper. Once you have inscribed the appropriate pattern according to the rule book your task is simply to push it out the output slot.

By the way, you don't understand Chinese, nor are you aware that the symbols that you are manipulating are Chinese symbols.

In fact, the Chinese characters which you have been receiving as input have been questions about a story and the output you have been producing has been the appropriate, perhaps even "insightful," responses to the questions asked. Indeed, to the outside questioners your output has been so good that they are convinced that whoever (or whatever) has been producing the responses to their queries must be a native speaker of, or at least extremely fluent in, Chinese.

The question that Searle asks is--Do you understand Chinese? Searle says NO.
What do you think?

My answer: No, I do not understand Chinese, but I'm capable of locating patterns (information) & writing other patterns (responding to questions). I can envision myself as the subject in question, but my particular rule books are search engines. I also wonder whether the creator of the rule books understood Chinese either!

See: http://www.ptproject.ilstu.edu/pt/chinovrv.htm

4. Math - Topology
This object pictured is a Möbius Strip or Möbius Band, named after August Ferdinand Möbius, a nineteenth century German mathematician and astronomer, who was a pioneer in the field of topology. Möbius, along with his better known contemporaries, Riemann, Lobachevsky and Bolyai, created a non-Euclidean revolution in geometry.

See: http://scidiv.bcc.ctc.edu/Math/Mobius.html

The Klein Bottle can be made by sewing together two Mobius strips.

See: http://www.math.byu.edu/~hthall/

 
 
Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Russell's answer was dated Mon, 17 Aug 1998 23:29:47 -0400 (EDT)
2. Computers
Output is 610.
 
 

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War V - battle 5
1. Forestry
What is shiitake production?
see Answer
2. Computers
What is the difference in quality and method of sound production between FM synthesis and wave table?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
Name the work and the author.
 
        So live, that when thy summons comes to join
        The innumerable caravan, which moves
        To that mysterious realm where each shall take 
        His chamber in the silent halls of death, 
        Thou go not, like the quarry slave at night,
        Scourged to his dungeon, but, sustained and soothed 
        By an unfaltering trust, approach thy grave,
        Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch
        About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams.
 

see Answer
4. Literature
How could he possibly be?
 
        "At once a cook, and a captain bold,
             And the mate of the Nancy brig,
        And a bo'sun tight, and a midshipmite,
             And the crew of the captain's gig."
 

see Answer
 
 
Marino Jaen - email: marino@sinfo.net
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Marino's answer was dated Sat, 1 Aug 1998 10:00:24 -0500 (EST)
1. Forestry
What is shiitake production?
Shiitake, meaning "mushroom of the shii or oak tree" are highly prized in the orient, for their flavour and reputed medicinal value, being sources of vitamin B & D, and many minerals. These mushrooms have been cultivated in Asia for centuries and are more chewy and aromatic than common button mushrooms. The already tremendous market for shiitake may grow even greater since researchers worldwide are now finding that the mushroom has medicinal uses: it may lower cholesterol levels, be used in cancer treatment, and it is even being investigated for possible capabilities of inhibiting the AIDS virus.
Shiitake production involves using logs to grow the mushrooms over them.
 
 
Mark Turner - email: markt@senet.com.au
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Mark's answer was dated Sun, 02 Aug 1998 00:13:54 +0930
2. Computers
What is the difference in quality and method of sound production between FM synthesis and wave table?
Answer:
FM synthesis is sound which is synthesised by the computer. The shape of the sound wave is actually constructed to produce the particular sound required. Wave Table sound is sound that has been previously recorded from another source by converting the input into digital data. It is then played back by converting the data back into sound waves. Wave table sound is usually of higher quality than FM synthesis simply for the fact that any sound can be converted to data and subsequently reproduced. To produce a quality sound using FM synthesis you need to know how to construct the shape of the sound wave, which is not an easy task.
 
 
Anne Lurie email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 20 points for her answer to the question below:
Anne's answer was dated Sat, 1 Aug 1998 17:17:59 -0400 (EDT)
3. Philosophy
The author is William Cullen Bryant, and the work is Thanatopsis.
Note 1: The edition of 1821 read:
The innumerable caravan that moves
To the pale realms of shade, where each shall take.
 
 
Drew Smith - email: drewsmith@aol.com
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Drew's answer was dated Fri, 21 Aug 1998 21:49:29 -0400 (EDT)
4. Literature
He could possibly be because he was the last survivor of a shipwreck in which he ate, either directly or indirectly, the other survivors (as listed in the stanza above). Arguably, this could be cited as a unique instance of the cliche: "You are what you eat."
The stanza is taken from Sir William S. Gilbert's "The Yarn of the Nancy Bell".
See: http://www.ugcs.caltech.edu/~emma/poetry/gilbert.html
and Our Favorite Poems - 2
 
 

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War V - battle 4
1. Forestry
A moist cove in the Smokey Mountains with an overstory of beech, yellow poplar, hemlock, and white oak; a closed canopy and deep topsoil. Which of the following species are most likely to thrive in the understory?
(The answer may include more than one species. It is expected to include all such species.)
see Answer
2. Computers
Windows '95 uses the VFAT to store long file names. However, file names are still registered in the FAT in 8.3 format. So, in 8.3 format, how would a file named "Ford Escort Sales.doc" be registered?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
This English philosopher, jailed twice for his anti-war and disarmament views, won the Nobel prize for literature and wrote "A History of Western Philosophy". He died in 1970 at the age of 97. Who was he?
see Answer
4. Literature
Name the work and the author?
    Were you ever out in the great alone, when the moon was awful clear,
    And the icy mountains hemmed you in with a silence you most could hear;
    With only the howl of a timber wolf, and you camped there in the cold,
    A half-dead thing in the stark, dead world, clean mad for the muck called gold;
    While high overhead, green, yellow and red, the North Lights swept in bars --

see Answer
 
 
Susan Troxel - email: Susan112@aol.com
has 20 points for her answer to the question below:
Susan's answer was dated Mon, 3 Aug 1998 15:13:34 -0400 (EDT)
1. Forestry
I believe the shade tolerants on your list are:
        Sugar maple
        dogwood
        hemlock
        beech
If you don't have limestone based soils you may not see the dogwood though...and if I'm right that hemlock is an acid lover, if you have dogwood, you may not have hemlock and vice versa.
 
 
Marino Jaen - email: marino@sinfo.net
has 40 points for his answers to the questions below:
Marino's answers were dated Thu, 16 Jul 1998 13:43:55 -0400 (EDT)
2. Computers
FORDES~1.DOC
See also: A complete illustrated Guide to the PC Hardware
3. Philosophy
Earl Bertrand Arthur William Russell or Bertrand Russell (for short)
Anne Lurie says to also See: www.mcmaster.ca/russdocs/russell.htm
 
 
Anne Lurie email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 20 points for her answer to the question below:
Anne's answer was dated Thu, 16 Jul 1998 17:42:22 -0400 (EDT)
4. Literature
This selection is from "The Shooting of Dan McGrew," from Spell of the Yukon by Robert W. Service.
 
 
A bunch of the boys were whooping it up in the Malamute saloon;
The kid that handles the music-box was hitting a jag-time tune;
Back at the bar, in a solo game, sat Dangerous Dan McGrew,
And watching his luck was his light-o'-love, the lady that's known as Lou.
 
When out of the night, which was fifty below, and into the din and the glare,
There stumbled a miner fresh from the creeks, dog dirty, and loaded for bear.
He looked like a man with a foot in the grave, and scarcely the strength of a louse,
Yet he tilted a poke of dust on the bar, and he called for drinks on the house.
There was none could place the stranger's face, though we searched ourselves for a clue;
But we drank his health, and the last to drink was Dangerous Dan McGrew.
 
There's men that somehow just grip your eyes, and hold them hard like a spell;
And such was he, and he looked to me like a man who had	lived in hell;
With a face most hair, and the dreary stare of a dog whose day is done,
As he watered the green stuff in his glass, and the drops fell one by one.
Then I got to figgering who he was, and wondering what he'd do,
And I turned my head -- and there watching him was the lady that's known as Lou.
 
His eyes went rubbering round the room, and he seemed in a kind of daze,
Till at last that old piano fell in the way of his wondering gaze.
The rag-time kid was having a drink; there was no one else on the stool,
So the stranger stumbles across the room, and flops down there like a fool.
In a buckskin shirt that was glazed with dirt he sat, and I saw him sway;
Then he clutched the keys with his talon hands -- my God! but that man could play!
 
Were you ever out in the great alone, when the moon was awful clear,
And the icy mountains hemmed you in with a silence you most could hear;
With only the howl of a timber wolf, and you camped there in the cold,
A half-dead thing in the stark, dead world, clean mad for the muck called gold;
While high overhead, green, yellow and red, the North Lights swept in bars --
Then you've got a hunch what the music meant ... hunger and night and the stars.
 
And hunger not of the belly kind, that's banished with bacon and beans;
But the gnawing hunger of lonely men for a home and all that it means;
For a fireside far from the cares that are, four walls and a roof above;
But oh! so cramful of cosy joy, and crowned with a woman's love;
A woman dearer than all the world, and true as Heaven is true --
(God! how ghastly she looks through her rouge, -- the lady that's known as Lou.)
 
Then all of a sudden the music changed, so soft that you scarce could hear;
But you felt that your life had been looted clean of all that it once held dear;
That someone had stolen the woman you loved; that her love was a devil's lie;
That your guts were gone, and the best of you was to crawl away and die.

'Twas the crowning cry of a heart's despair, and it thrilled you through and through --
"I guess I'll make it a spread misere," said Dangerous Dan McGrew.
 
The music almost died away ... then it burst like a pent-up flood;
And it seemed to say, "Repay, repay," and my eyes were blind with blood.
The thought came back of an ancient wrong, and it stung like a frozen lash,
And the lust awoke to kill, to kill ... then the music stopped with a crash,
And the stranger turned, and his eyes they burned in a most peculiar way;
In a buckskin shirt that was glazed with dirt he sat, and I saw him sway;
 
Then his lips went in in a kind of a grin, and he spoke, and his voice was calm;
And, "Boys," says he, "you don't know me, and none of you care a damn;
But I want to state, and my words are straight, and I'll bet my poke they're true,
That one of you is a hound of hell ... and that one is Dan McGrew."
 
Then I ducked my head, and the lights went out, and two guns blazed in the dark;
And a woman screamed, and the lights went up, and two men lay stiff and stark;
Pitched on his head, and pumped full of lead, was Dangerous Dan McGrew,
While the man from the creeks lay clutched to the breast of the Lady that's known as Lou.
 
These are the simple facts of the case, and I guess I ought to know;
They say that the stranger was crazed with "hooch," and I'm not denying it's so.
I'm not so wise as the lawyer guys, but strictly between us two --
The woman that kissed him -- and pinched his poke -- was the lady that's known as Lou.
 
By Robert Wm. Service (1874-1958).
 
 
 

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War V - battle 3
1. Forestry
What is this weird growth on a cedar tree? Although not looking like this, it can also be found on another kind of tree. What kind?


see Answer
2. Computers
What's a Winsock?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
This early 19th century German philosopher saw history as a working out of God's plan. Individual humans - especially the great heroes of world history - are the principal means of change, while peoples and states are the embodiment of each phase. He saw Great Men as the only real agents of history. He believed that individual welfare or suffering simply did not matter in the sweep of world history, advancing like a juggernaut over the corpses of individuals. Who was this man, influential in German thought and in the development of pantheism?
see Answer
4. Math
Radio station A is 312 miles directly north of station B. Shortly before noon both stations receive distress signals from a ship, C. The bearing of C from A was found to be South 65 degrees 28 minutes East and the bearing of C from B was North 75 degrees 18 minutes East. If a plane left B at noon flying at 280 mph, at what time did it reach the ship? Explain your calculations.
see Answer
 
 
Anne Lurie email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 40 points for her answers to the questions below:
Anne's answers were dated Wed, 1 Jul 1998 08:41:33 -0400 (EDT)
1. Forestry
This growth illustrates the effects of Cedar-Apple Rust, Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae.
Cedar-apple rust appears on apples first as bright orange, slightly raised lesions, but may take on a more brown and cracked appearance as the fruit enlarges.
The fungus overwinters on galls on the cedar tree.
See: www.caf.wvu.edu/kearneysville/disease_descriptions/omcar.html
3. Philosophy
The philosopher is Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, whose works include Phenomenology of Spirit, Science of Logic, and Philosophy of Right.
See: plato.stanford.edu/entries/hegel/
 
 
Marino Jaen - email: marino@sinfo.net
has 40 points for his answers to the questions below:
Marino's answers were dated Wed, 1 Jul 1998 07:56:22 -0400 (EDT)
2. Computers
What's a Winsock?
Winsock is short for Windows Sockets. Winsock is the standard interface between TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), and all versions of Microsoft Windows including Windows 3.x, Windows for Workgroups, Windows NT and Windows 95. Today's most popular Internet applications for Microsoft Windows and IBM OS/2 are developed according to the Winsock standard and many people call them Winsock applications.
Anne Lurie says to also See: whatis.com/winsock.htm
4. Math
According to the positions of A and B and the bearings given for C, we form a triangle with the points A,B, and C. This triangle has one known side, AB, which is 312 miles long. It also has two known angles, the one at A which is 65°28' and the one at B which is 75°18'.
There is a theorem that says that the angles of a triangle are proportional to its opposite sides, but the only side we know happens to be opposed to the one angle we don't know. Well, since the sum of the angles of a triangle is always 180°, we just have to substract angle A and B from 180° to get angle C:
 
                  C = 180° - A - B
                  C = 180° - 65°28' - 75°18'
                  C = 39°14'
 
  Now that we have C, we can find out the length of BC which is the distance
  the plane flights from B to C at 280 mph:
 
                  AB - C                 AB = 312 miles; C = 39°14'; A = 65°28'
                  BC - A
 
                  BC = (AB*A)/C
                  BC = (312 miles * 65°28')/39°14'
 
  I don't know how to make multiplications with minutes so let's transform
  them in degrees fractions:
 
          28'/60' = 0.467     and     14'/60' = 0.233 then:
 
                  BC = (312 miles * 65.467°)/39.233°
                  BC = 520.626 miles
 
  So, the plane has to travel 520.626 miles to reach the boat at point C. If
  traveling at 280 mph the it will take:
 
                  1 hr - 280 miles
                  x    - 520.626 miles
 
                  x = 520.626/280 hr
                  x = 1.859 hr
 
  1 hour and 0.859 of an hour which in minutes is:
 
                  1     - 60'
                  0.859 - m
 
                  m = 0.859 * 60'
                  m = 51.54 minutes
 
  51 minutes and 0.54 of a minute which in seconds is:
 
                  1    - 60''
                  0.54 - s
 
                  s = 0.54 * 60''
                  s = 32.4 seconds
 
  Approximate flight time is 1 hour, 51 minutes and 32.4 seconds, so the plane
  gets to the boat at 1:51:32.4 pm.
   
 
 

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War V - battle 2
1. Forestry
This common woody vine is usually avoided by foresters.

What is its common and scientific name?
see Answer
2. Computers
Dates entered in the format mm/dd/yy can be most compactly stored, compared and sorted in the format chr$(y)+chr$(m)+chr$(d), requiring only three bytes for storage. Since this same storage format can handle up to 255 years, it will work fine after the year 2000 if a fixed window is used to solve the Y2K computer problem and 50, or some other year near the middle of a century, is used as the break point. This means that the year for any date entered before 01/01/50 would have 100 added. What date would be indicated by each of the following:
(include the proper century in your answers.)
"i"+CHR$(3)+CHR$(15)?
"b"+CHR$(3)+CHR$(15)?
"1"+CHR$(3)+CHR$(15)?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
For I have learned
To look on nature, not as in the hour
Of thoughtless youth, but hearing oftentimes
The still, sad music of humanity,
Not harsh or grating, though of ample power
To chasten and subdue. And I have felt
A presence that disturbs me with the joy
Of elevated thoughts; a sense sublime
Of something far more deeply interfused,
Whose dwelling is the light of setting suns,
And the round ocean, and the living air,
And the blue sky, and in the mind of man,
A motion and a spirit, that impels
All thinking things, all objects of all thought,
And rolls through all things. Therefore am I still
A lover of the meadows and the woods,
And mountains; and of all that we behold
From this green earth; of all the mighty world
Of eye and ear, both what they half-create,
And what perceive; well pleased to recognize
In nature and the language of the sense,
The anchor of my purest thoughts, the nurse,
The guide, the guardian of my heart, and soul
Of all my moral being.

Who is this poet who finds God in nature and in what poem does he thus tell us of his feelings?
see Answer
4. History
What happened from October 5 through October 14, 1582?
see Answer
 
 
Anne Lurie email: ALurie6171@aol.com
has 40 points for her answers to the questions below:
Anne's answers were dated Wed, 17 Jun 1998 15:10:44 -0400 (EDT)
1. Forestry
This woody vine is Poison Ivy, Rhus radicans.
Although I have never had any problem with exposure to Poison Ivy -- thank goodness!!! -- the University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service offers the following suggestions:
CONTROL: (1) Spray foliage with Roundup or Kleenup. Best control when applied to plants in flower or fruit stage; however, may be used in earlier stages. If ivy has grown into canopy of large trees, clip vines 2-3 feet above ground. (Disinfect cutting tools.) One to two weeks later, spray vines below the cut. Don't let spray get on desirable ornamentals or young (2-3 years) trees. [Additional herbicide treatments are mentioned on the website, URL below.]
Also, I'd recommend washing, if possible, any clothing that came in contact with either the Poison Ivy vines or the herbicide -- Anne.
Do not burn vines. The toxin can be carried in soot particles in smoke and cause severe allergic reactions. [Allegedly, inhaling the smoke of burning vines could injure the lungs, also; although I have not researched this, common sense would dictate prudence -- Anne]
See: http://www.ces.uga.edu/cobb/ivy.html
NOTE: Although he was too late with his answer Ted Smith, email: tsmith@aaas.org, answered the question with the more recent version of the scientific name of poison ivy, Rhus toxicodendron.
3. Philosophy
The poet is the aptly-named William Wordsworth, and the work is "Lines Composed A Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey."
 
 
Drew Smith - email: drewsmith@aol.com
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Drew's answer was dated Fri, 21 Aug 1998 22:18:44 -0400 (EDT)
2. Computers
Since, according to an ASCII translation table, "i"=CHR$(105), "b"=CHR$(98), and "1"=CHR$(49), the three dates must be (given in same order as question):
     March 15, 2005
     March 15, 1998
     March 15, 1949
See: http://web.cs.mun.ca/~michael/c/ascii-table.html
 
 
Marino Jaen - email: marino@sinfo.net
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Marino's answer was dated Tue, 16 Jun 1998 11:50:52 -0400 (EDT)
4. History
What happened from October 5 through October 14, 1582?
In Italy and many Catholic countries NOTHING happened between these dates because they "didn't exist". Oct. 5, 1582 was the last day of the Julian calendar in many countries that decided to adopt the new Gregorian calendar. In order to do this the date jumped from Oct. 5 to Oct. 14 because the old Julian calendar dates did not correspond anymore to the real dates due to small inaccuracies that accumulated over the centuries.
See also Pope Gregory's Calendar Changes
 
 

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War V - battle 1
1. Forestry
What are the three legs of the fire tripod, removing any one of which will stop the fire? Which one is most commonly removed in fighting forest fires?
see Answer
2. Computers
An MSDOS call to interrupt 13H affects what computer functions?
see Answer
3. Philosophy
When he was on the island of Patmos he was given a message to deliver to the seven churches in Asia. He wrote down what he saw and was told. Who was he and what was the name of the book that he wrote? It described the breaking of the seven seals and foretold of things to come.
see Answer
4. History
Barefooted, clad in a coarse garment, riding on an ass, and bearing a huge cross, this man travelled about France and Germany, and everywhere harangued vast crowds in church or street or market-place. He led great unruly mobs of people to their massacre in Hungary and across the Bophorus. Who was this character of the end of the first century of the present millennium and what movement did he help to initiate?
see Answer
 
 
Joe Taber - email: JTABER@NHKC.COM
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Joe's answer was dated Thu, 04 Jun 1998 18:10:44 -0400 (EDT)
1. Forestry
My answers are as follows:
  1. Fuel ( Paper, Trees, etc. )
  2. Oxygen ( The atmosphere is comprised of 21% of this substance )
  3. Ignition Source ( Lightning, Smokey the Bears Stogie )
My understanding is that first the fuel is removed ( Trees cut, Trenches dug ) to prevent the continuance of the fire? Fire lines are erected and fought with this process.
My understanding is also that Aircraft will drop retardant on to the fire to eliminate number 2, Oxygen to prevent the spread of the fire.
From Duane:
I accept ignition source but, to be exact, the third leg is heat. Heat is also the element that is removed by dropping water on the fire from aircraft. The water cools the fire. It has very little smothering effect.
 
 
Drew Amato - email: andrew.amato@university-college.oxford.ac.uk
has 20 points for his answer to the question below:
Drew's answer was dated Fri, 5 Jun 1998 02:00:28 +0100 (BST)
2. Computers
If you call the (BIOS) interrupt 13h, you would have to specify a specific function (using the AH register), since the 13h functions correspond to different floppy disk functions (e.g., reading and writing sectors, formatting tracks, etc...)
 
 
Marino Jaen - email: marino@sinfo.net
has 40 points for his answers to the questions below:
Marino's answers were dated Mon, 1 Jun 1998 16:20:06 -0400 (EDT)
3. Philosophy
He was the apostle Saint John. The book is the Revelation of the Apocalypse.
4. History
Peter the Hermit who was one of the main preachers of the People's Crusade, the ill trained and worse armed component of the First Crusade. A band of this People's Crusade commanded by Emich of Leiningen and Volkmar moved thru Central Europe looting and murdering people until it was destroyed by a Hungarian Army. The main group, lead by Peter and a knight, Walter the Penniless, made it into Byzantine territory, where they also committed looting and atrocities. Then, they moved across the Bosphorus and got massacred in a battle. That was the end of the People's Crusade.
See CGFA- The Crusades: A Chronicle in Art.
 
 

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Standings in the War - V

Russell Flowers - email: flowershome@accessky.net - 700 points
Drew Smith - email: drewsmith@aol.com - 360 points
Anne Lurie - email: ALurie6171@aol.com - 320 points
Marino Jaen - email: marino@sinfo.net - 160 points
John Rudin - email: John.Rudin.jrudin@nt.com - 40 points
Steven Skelton - email: Steven.Skelton@hhsc.state.tx.us - 40 points
J Taylor - email: joselito@worldnet.att.net - 20 points
Susan Troxel - email: Susan112@aol.com - 20 points
Mark Turner - email: markt@senet.com.au - 20 points
Joe Taber - email: JTABER@NHKC.COM - 20 points
Drew Amato - email: andrew.amato@university-college.oxford.ac.uk - 20 points

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Last revised February 16, 1999.

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