FOREST MANAGEMENT WORKSHOP MANUAL
VALUES OF WOODLAND
Woodland produces values that many of us take for granted,
and others do not have the opportunity to appreciate one way or
another. Social values such as personal satisfaction and
pleasure constitute a large portion of the motivation of private
woodland ownership. More tangible values may include timber
production, wildlife, watershed protection, recreation and
aesthetics. For a further appreciation of woodland values, each
must be treated separately.
- Social Values
- A woodland is a place to which one may escape, a place for
renewal, a place to find mental and physical contentment, a
place to love. Wood and tree products also have social values.
Our lives would be greatly diminished in both wealth and beauty
without wood. Wood is considered a renewable and non-polluting
material indispensible for modern living.
- Timber Production
- A woodland is a complex community of trees and plants
growing together. The manipulation of the woodland environment
for timber treatments may differ for different objectives. For
timber production objectives, the yield of timber or wood varies
from site to site, depending on site quality, tree stocking,
tree age distribution, past history and forest types. The
amount of wood harvested from a woodland is regulated by;
- tree growth
- tree size
- stand condition
- market conditions
- personal preference and need for money
- desires other than timber production
- Wildlife and fish are a valuable natural resource having
recreation and monetary values. Woodlands together with
adjacent lands provide the home for many kinds of wildlife. In
this habitat, they live, eat, and breed. Man's activities may
either stabilize, destroy, or enhance, this habitat. At present
and in the past, cutting for wood products has had a greater
influence on wildlife in this country than perhaps any active
program for wildlife management.
- Watershed Protection
- Woodlands have an immense value as a regulator of waterflow.
It is the best possible natural cover for minimizing overland
flow, runoff, and erosion. Goals in managing woodland for
watershed values should be to;
Caution should be taken with uses or treatments which tend to
degrade watershed values. These include;
- maintain a vegetative banner between falling rain and
- retain the root moss in the soil
- preserve the soil structure
- avoid major soil disturbances
- timber cutting
- mechanical site damage
- wildlife over-population
- overuse by people
- Recreation and Aesthetics
- These are two words which mean fun and beauty. The woodland
environment provides many recreational activities including
hunting, fishing, swimming, boating, skiing, hiking, camping,
etc. Actually woodland is a warehouse of recreational wealth
and if you own such an area, you are richer than you think.
Natural scenery fills many people with awe. They find a sunset,
a clean stream, or a forest, a beautiful thing to behold. Yet
man has managed to deface much of our natural world because he
desires ease, material goods, and efficiency more than he loves
beauty. We know the difference between the beautiful and the
ugly, but we need to re-establish a land ethic, a respect for
nature and our fellow man.
- Most woodlands produce several values. The usual and best
management for the small woodlot holding is for integrated uses
or values. Uses may be harmonious or even complimentary, but
some may conflict. For example, a woodland comprised of one
timeber species may produce the highest profit for timber yet it
has little value or use for wildlife, recreation or aesthetics.
To make the integrated system work, requires you to compromise a
little here and there with management objectives. The sum of
the values may well be greater than any one, or it may better
satisfy your own desires.
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Last revised August 14, 1995.
Please send comments to: Duane Bristow (email@example.com)